Oak - The Oak is known as the King of trees. A wand made from this tree is known as a Priapic or Phallic wand. So named for the Roman God of procreation,
" Priapus ". The end of the wand is generally tipped with an acorn or pinecone. The Ogham ( oy-yam ) letter is D ( Duir )
The Irish surname " MacDara " means son of oak. The Oak is associated with the
Celtic God " Daghda ". It is also associated with magick and male fertility.
Alder - A wand made of the Alder is used to attract and communicate with faeries. It's ogham letter is F ( Fearn ). The Alder is also known as the wood of spiritual protection.
Birch - This tree represents birth and new beginnings. The letter from the ogham tree alphabet is B ( Beithe ). The wand made from this tree represents the will of the seeker. The Gaelic word for Birch is "slat chaoil ". This translates as wand of twigs.
Elder - This tree is for spiritual cleansing, workings, bravery and honesty. The ogham letter for this tree is R ( Ruis ). The Elder is known as the "redness of shame " this comes from the concept of examining our inner selves and being ashamed of what we see.
The lesson here is to use these negative thoughts as building blocks for positive change within ourselves.
Willow - A wand made from this tree is used for Esbat workings and Fertility workings.The ogham letter for willow is S (Sail ).The Gaelic expression " Li Ambi " means color of not living. The Celts believe that though a person may be dead in this life, they are very alive in the otherworld. Thus we have the association of the color of the Willow tree and the color of a seemingly dead person.
Holly - This tree represents protection and abundance. The ogham letter is T
In workings, Holly is considered a substitute for Oak. The word "Tinne "means link, as in a chain. Thus Holly is the link between life and death.
Apple - Wands made from this tree are for love and fertility workings. The ogham letter for the apple tree is Q (Queirt). All modern apples originated from the crab apple.The apple tree is used by shamans when undergoing magickal transformations or otherworld journeys. The word "Avalon" is a Celtic word for the otherworld and translates as "place of apple trees".
Ash - This tree represents knowledge and health. The ogham letter is N (Nion ).
An Irish tribe called the Fir Bolg (Men of the spears ) used the Ash to make their spears. The spear equates with the lesser weapon of the wand. The Ash is considered the tree of the warrior. The God Lugh is also associated with the Ash.
Hawthorn - The wood from this tree makes a very powerful Fertility wand. The ogham letter for this tree is H (Huath).The word Huath means frightful or horrible. It is thought to be planted by faeries as it is often found growing on fairy hills or Sidhe mounds, as a warning to humans not to disturb the mound.
Hazel – Wands that are made from the wood of Hazel are used for Magick,Healing and Divination. The ogham letter for the Hazel is C (Coll).
The surnames "MacColl " and "MacCall" means "son of the hazel". The Gaelic name for the hazel is "Calltuinn" which translate as " the loss of something ". Thus the hazel is connected with death. The hazel is also associated with the Goddess Brighid, who is the goddess of wisdom and divine inspiration. The hazel is used during otherworld journeys to gain knowledge. When doing otherworld journeys, be on the lookout for a hazel wand, as this represents the symbol for a herald. The Druids often chewed hazelnuts as a means of attaining inspiration and knowledge of something hidden or lost. This also done by means of a dowsing rod made from hazel.
Ivy - The Ivy represents Female fertility and Friendship and is the feminine equivalent of the Holly. The ogham letter is G (Gort). The word Gort means "green fields". The Ivy is considered a very powerful tree.
The Ivy is also considered a warning tree when seen in visions.