Pwyll Lord of Dyved
was the first of the Branches of the Mabinogion. The tale recounts his adventure in the Otherworld Annwvyn, how he wooed his wife Rhiannon and the unfair punishment of Rhiannon over the mysterious disappearance of their son. Pwyll ruled Dyved in his court mainly at Arberth. He controlled seven districts known as "cantrevs", in southern Wales.
Lord of Annwvyn
Pwyll was a chieftain of Dyved, the land in the south-west of Wales. He went hunting at Glynn Cuch. When another set of hound outran his own and killed a stag, he chased the other hounds off and set his own hounds upon the dead stag. However, another lord saw this, told Pwyll that the game was rightfully his. Pwyll admitted wrongdoing, wished to make amend with the lord. The other lord agreed.
The lord told Pwyll that he wasArawn, king of Annwvyn (the Otherworld Annwn), and he wished to Pwyll's place for one year, while Pwyll posed as him. The idea was let Pwyll ruled his kingdom, without anyone knowing he was imposter, and defeat in combat, Havgtan, who was also the king of Annwvyn.
At the end of the year, they would meet at the same spot. Pwyll agreed. With his magic, Arawn transformed Pwyll to look exactly like him and sent him to his realm, while Arawn took Pwyll's place in Dyved.
No one in Annwfn (Annwvyn) suspected that Pwyll was an impostor, even Arawn's lovely wife. Everyday he went hunting with his men, while at night he enjoyed the feast. When it was time for bed, each night, Pwyll would sleep with his back towards Arawn's wife. Though Arawn had implied (when they made the agreement) that Pwyll could sleep with his wife, Pwyll never had sex with her.
When the time came for the single combat between Pwyll and Havgan, the hero defeated and mortally wounded the other king. Pwyll refused to kill Havgan despite his pleas.
When the year ended, Pwyll arrived at his appointment where he first met Arawn. Arawn transformed themselves back to normal forms. Pwyll returned to Dyved, to find that he had prospered under Arawn's leadership.
Arawn returned to his own kingdom to find that Pwyll had ruled his kingdom with understanding, fairness and justice. What took Arawn by surprise was that every night though Pwyll had slept in bed with Arawn's beautiful wife, yet the hero had never once made love to her.
For such loyal friendship, Arawn rewarded the hero by making Pwyll's kingdom even richer. Pwyll was not just called Lord of Dyved; he was now known as Lord of Annwfn.
Wooing of Rhiannon
One day while Pwyll took a walk outside of his court at Arberth, he saw a beautiful maiden riding a pale horse. She rode along the highway at a seemingly slow but steady pace. None of his men knew who she was. Pwyll sent one of his men on foot to ask for her name. But the woman rode past Pwyll's servant. No matter how fast the servant ran, he could not catch up with her. This was surprising, since her horse had not increased its pace.
The next day, Pwyll saw the woman again, and sent another servant, this time on horseback, to ask for her identity. Again, the woman's horse moved at a slow pace, yet as fast his servant rode his horse, the further he was left behind.
The next day, Pwyll was still determined to find out who she was, and asked one of his men to bring his fastest horse. Though she rode by at the same pace as she did yesterday, even his fastest horse could not catch up with her. His servant was not able to ask her any question.
Pwyll was determined that he himself would go after her with his fastest horse, the following afternoon. However, he failed to catch up with her. The faster he set the pace, the further he was left behind.
In desperation, Pwyll called out to her to stop. The woman reined in and halted her horse because Pwyll had asked her to. She introduced herself as Rhiannon, the daughter of Heveydd the Old. She knew who Pwyll was. She came to Pwyll's land in the hope that he would marry her before one of her suitors, named Gwawl, the son of Clud, could press further his claim upon her.
They were to be married within a year. Before the wedding could take place, a youth came before them, requesting a favour from Pwyll. Pwyll foolishly agreed with out hearing it first. The youth desired to sleep with Pwyll's new bride. Pwyll realised that the youth was Gwawl. Since Pwyll had given his words he could not take it back without breaking it.
Rhiannon advised Pwyll to ask Gwawl for a year respite. Her plan was to trick into a game of Badger in a Bag. Rhiannon gave Pwyll a bottomless bag. Pwyll was pretending to be a suppliant and beggar. Gwawl filled his sack with endless amount of food. Pwyll then told them that bag would only be full, if a nobleman pushes the food down with both feet. Rhiannon persuaded Gwawl to put both feet in the bag. Once Gwawl had both feet in the bag, Pwyll pull the bag over Gwawl's head and tied it closed.
Pwyll's men began kicking Gwawl while he was in the bag, claiming there was a badger in the sack. Gwawl begged for mercy. Pwyll only released Gwawl when the youth promised not to sleep with Rhiannon, and that he would not take any reprisal against either Pwyll or Rhiannon.
Punishment of Rhiannon
Pwyll and Rhiannon were happily married for two years. However, in the third year, the men of Dyved were concerned that Rhiannon may be barren. His men wanted Pwyll to have an heir as soon as possible, and should divorce Rhiannon and find another wife, who was more fertile. Pwyll persuaded his men to wait for another year.
Fortunately, Rhiannon fell pregnant almost at the end of the third year of marriage. When Rhiannon gave birth to their son, six women were to look after the infant.
That night, someone (her former suitor Gwawl) abducted the infant when the six women unexpectedly fell asleep, while Rhiannon was also asleep. When the six nurses discovered that infant had been abducted, they realised that they would be blamed for disappearance of Pwyll's son.
They treacherously smeared blood from a deer upon Rhiannon, and caused bruises on their own face. When Pwyll came to see his son, the six nurses accused Rhiannon of devouring her own son. They claimed they tried to protect the infant, but were helpless when the mad-driven mother attacked them.
Rhiannon told her husband that the six nurses were lying, but she was powerless to refute their claims. Pwyll seeing the evidence on Rhiannon (the blood) believed the nurses' accusation.
Pwyll punished Rhiannon by making his wife sit outside the gate of his palace for seven years. Whenever someone arrived at the gate, Rhiannon must tell the person, who did not know about the tragedy, that she had murdered her own son. She must carry any guest or stranger on her back.
Few nights later after the abduction, Teirnon Twrvliant, the lord of Gwent Ys Coed, was attending the birthing of a colt. Suddenly a claw from unknown creature (Gwawl, again) broke through the window, trying to steal the colt. Teirnon drew his sword and off the creature's arm. Teirnon was telling his wife what was happening when they heard a cry at their front door.
Teirnon went to investigate and discovered an infant. He realised that the creature must have left it behind. Teirnon and his wife have been trying to have a child for years, so they decided to adopt and raise the infant as their own. They named the boy, Gwri Gwallt-Euryn ("Golden Hair").
Almost a year later, Teirnon and his wife heard news of Rhiannon's punishment for killing her son. Teirnon realised that the creature must have abducted their son and left Gwri at their doorstep. His wife heartbreakingly agreed with him that the child belonged to Pwyll, and that Rhiannon was unjustly punished for a crime she did not commit.
Teirnon went to Pwyll's home, ended Rhiannon's punishment and returned their son to them. Pwyll named the boy Pryderi (which means "relief from her anxiety"). Pwyll was reunited with his wife.
Pwyll rewarded Teirnon, by allowing Teirnon's wife to continue rearing Pryderi as a foster parent. Pwyll also gave them land.
Pwyll ruled the land until his death. Pryderi inherited all the land from his father. Pryderi married Kigva, daughter of Gwynn the Splendid, the son of Gloyw Wide Hair son of the ruler of Casnar.
Pryderi conquered seven other cantrevs - three cantrevs from Ystrad Tywi (east of Dyved), four from Keredigyawn (northeast of Dyved).
Branwen Daughter of Llyr
Branwen Daughter of Llyr was the second Branch of the Mabinogi. The story tells of how the war began between Wales and Ireland. The tale actually centred on Branwen's brother Bran and her husband Mallolwch, the king of Ireland.
Seeds of Discord
Bran the Blessed (Bendigeidfran), the son of Llyr and Penarddun, daughter of Beli son of Mynogan, was ruler of Britain. Bran was the brother of Manawyddan and Branwen (Bronwen), and the half-brother of Nissyen and Evnissyen.
Mallolwch (Matholwch), the king of Ireland came to Wales, seeking a wife. Bran offered his beautiful sister, Branwen, to Mallolwch. Bran's half-brother Evnissyen (Efnisien) was offended that they had not asked him for consent before Bran decided to marry their sister to a foreign king.
Evnissyen attacked and lamed the king's horses. When Mallolwch found out about the incident, the Irish king was offended by this outrage, decided to leave. Bran had to humiliate himself by appeasing the king by offering to replace Mallolwch with his own fine breed of horses as well as a magic cauldron that could bring a man back to life.
Mallolwch accepted Bran's apology and married Branwen. When Mallolwch left Wales, he took his new wife with him to his kingdom in Ireland.
At first, Mallolwch and Branwen were happy; she bore the king a healthy son, whom they named Gwern. Branwen was known as a generous queen, who always gave each female guest a small gift.
However, some of his nobles, including his foster-brothers, were not happy that Mallolwch did not receive more from Bran for the insult. Mallolwch agreed and decided to punish Branwen.
Branwen was forced to work in the kitchen like a common servant. They refused all ships from Britain to enter their shore so Bran did not know what Mallolwch had done to his sister.
However, Branwen was resourceful and taught a starling how to deliver a message to her brothers in Britain. It took Branwen three years, to teach the bird what to do.
War Against Ireland
When the bird arrived at the court of Caer Seint yn Arvon, Bran found his sister's message tied to the bird's leg. Now Bran was offended by the Irish king's treatment of his sister.
Bran mustered a large force from Wales and England and set out for Ireland. Among those in the army was his brother Manawyddan, and Pryderi, the chieftain of Dyved, the son of Pwyll and Rhiannon. Bran left his son Caradawg and six other chieftains behind, to look after his kingdom during his absence.
Bran, who was a giant, could not a ship large enough to carry him. Like Orion in the Greek mythology, Bran waded across the deep sea, with only his head sticking out of the water.
Mallolwch was alarmed by the news of a large fleet heading towards his kingdom, decided to retreat further west in Ireland. They crossed the river Liffey and destroyed the bridge, to prevent the Britons from crossing. Bran lay down across the river, so that the Britons could use him as a bridge to cross the Liffey.
More news arrived to Mallolwch that Bran was travelling through the forest. Only Bran could be seen, since he was taller than the tallest tree in Ireland.
Mallolwch decided to make peace with Bran, by sending a messenger to Bran. The messenger informed Bran of Mallolwch's proposal, to step down from the throne in favour of his and Branwen's son, Gwern, Bran's nephew. Mallolwch would also make up any wrong and injury to Branwen.
Mallolwch had ordered the erection a house or tent large enough to shelter Bran. However, this was a trap to kill Bran. Mallolwch had two hundred men hiding in the house, each of his men hiding in the bags that hang on every pillars of the house.
Evnissyen went into the house first and was told these bags contained flour. Evnissyen squeeze each bag, killing all 200 men.
In the house, Bran and Mallolwch met, to witness the investment of kingship upon Gwern, son of Branwen. All except Evnissyen were happy to see Gwern crowned king. When Gwern stood before his uncle, Evnissyen took the boy by his feet and thrust Gwern into a fire. Branwen tried to save her son, but Bran prevented her, and protected his sister with his shield, because fighting broke out between the Britons and the Irish.
Those Irish warriors, who were killed by Evnissyen in the leather bags, were thrown into magic cauldron of rebirth. The dead warriors were resurrected. As the Irish warriors were killed in the fighting, they were also brought back to life by the cauldron of rebirth.
Fierce battle was fought in and outside of the house. The battle began to turn in favour of Mallolwch's warriors, because those who died was brought back to life.
Evnissyen realised that his arrogance had brought destruction on his family and the men of Britain. It was he who had caused strife between the two islands. Evnissyen managed to reach the cauldron of rebirth. The Irishmen found him among the dead Irish warriors, so they threw Evnissyen into the cauldron. Evnissyen stretched himself in the cauldron, so that it broke in four pieces. However this also broke Evnissyen's heart.
With the cauldron of rebirth destroyed, the Briton managed to snatch victory from the Irishmen. Every single Irishmen were killed in the war, including Mallolwch and Gwern, Branwen's son. Most of the Irish women and children were all killed except five pregnant women, who escaped the massacre, by hiding in the cave.
The causalities among the Bran's army were also extremely high. Only seven men survived the war, including Manawyddan and Pryderi. Bran received a mortal wound on his foot from the poisoned spear.
Bran told his brother to cut off his head, since it would be impossible to gigantic-size body back to Britain for burial. His head would keep company with the seven survivors. Bran's head would be able to talk to them and entertain them in the hall of Gwales. Bran also foretold they would remain in Gwales until someone open the doors facing Cornwall, eighty years later. After this they must bury his head in White Hill in London. So they cut off Bran's head.
The seven survivors and Branwen returned to Britain, landing at Aber Alaw in Tal Ebolyon. Branwen's heart was heavy, because so many lives were lost in the war. Branwen died in sorrow. They buried her on the bank of Alaw.
Assembly of the Wondrous Head
The seven survivors included Manawyddan son of Llyr, Pryderi son of Pwyll, Taliesin the Bard, Ynawg, Glinyeu son of Taran, Gruddyeu son of Muryel, and Heilyn son of Gwynn the Old.
Manawyddan and the other survivors arrived at Harddlech. Here, they found news that Casswallawn, son of Beli, had seized power in Britain during Bran's absence. Casswallawn had murdered six of the chieftains. Casswallawn was invisible because he worn a magic cloak. Casswallawn didn't harm his nephew, but Caradawg, the son of Bran, had died in sorrow at the death of his six companions.
The seven survivors spent seven years in Harddlech, enjoying the food and entertainment from the singing of the Birds of Rhiannon. After this they left Harddlech for Gwales in Penvro.
The house of Gwales had a royal hall with three doors. Two doors were opened, while the third door, facing Cornwall, was kept closed. The head of Bran had told them that as long as the third door remained closed, the seven could remain in Gwales.
The seven men came to Gwales (possibly in Cornwall), which was something like an Otherworld, where they forgot about their grief and loss, as long as they didn't open the forbidden door in the great hall. They lived in Gwales with Bran's head, so that the hall became known as the Assembly of the Wondrous Head.
They lived there for eighty years, until one of the men (Heilyn son of Gwynn) decided to open the forbidden door. All the memories of sorrow and loss returned to them.
They left Gwales with Bran's head, and went to London, where they buried Bran's head at White Hill.
Manawyddan Son of Llyr
Manawyddan Son of Llyr was the third Branch of the Mabinogi. The following story took place straight after Manawyddan buried Bran's head in White Hill, London.
The Third Branch of Mabinogi tells of how Manawyddan lived with Pryderi and his mother and wife were beset with enchantments from Pryderi's enemies.
Let's take up a trade or two...
After burying Bran's head in White Hill, Manawyddan was depressed that he had no home any more, since his cousin Casswallawn, son of Beli, had taken over the kingdom. Pryderi offered Manawyddan land of his own in Dyved and his mother's hand in marriage. Manawyddan readily agreed with Pryderi, since Rhiannon was still a very beautiful woman.
They lived happily together with Pryderi's wife Kigva (Cigfa), until one morning they discovered the people of Dyved had mysteriously vanished. Manawyddan and Rhiannon, Pryderi and Kigva were the only people in Pryderi's home.
Realising they could not possibly survive without civilization, they moved to Hereford in England and took on a trade of saddlemaking. They were becoming so skilled and rich, that their rivals became jealous. They soon found out that a mob conspired to set about lynching the two couples.
Pryderi was set about defending themselves, but Manawyddan insisted that they should leave Hereford in peace and find another town to practise a different trade.
They decided to take up the trade of shield making. Again they were driven out of this town, because everyone was buying their shields, and none of their competitors' shields. Rather than fight with the mobs, they left the town.
But the same thing happened in the next town, when they decided to manufacture shoes. They decided to return to Dyved.
When Manawyddan, Pryderi and their wives arrived in Dyved, they still found the land deserted, but they discovered mysterious palace that was never there when they left. Pryderi wanted to investigate, but he did not return. Rhiannon fearing for her son decided to find him, against Manawyddan's advice that it was dangerous.
Rhiannon found her son frozen in place, holding a golden bowl. When Rhiannon touched the bowl, she was also frozen in place, like a statue. Then the building with them in it, vanished.
Kigva was distressed, but Manawyddan assured her that he would take care of her. They decided to return to England.
Lifting the Enchantment
They took up shoe making trade in England until they were driven out. Manawyddan decided to return to Dyved. This time Manawyddan and Kigva took up farming in Arberth.
When it was time to harvest the wheat, he found that one of the crops was stripped bare, leaving only naked stalks. He checked the second crop and decided to reap it the next day. However this crop was also stripped. Manawyddan realised someone was trying to ruin him, decided to guard the last crop.
That night, he witnessed large horde of mice stripped the croft. Manawyddan only managed to capture one fat mouse. Manawyddan returned to Kigva and told her what had happened. Manawyddan decided to hang the little thief in the morning. Kigva thought Manawyddan had lost his mind, thinking to hang a mouse.
In the morning, Manawyddan was preparing to hang the mouse. Kigva thought that it was unfitting for a lord to perform such deed; she told him she would kill the mouse herself. Manawyddan insisted that the mouse deserved hanging, like a common thief. Kigva decided it was futile to argue with her Manawyddan any further.
Manawyddan took the mouse with him to the hill in Gorsedd Arberth. A scholar wandered towards Manawyddan, asking what he was doing. Manawyddan told him that he was going to hang one of the thieves who had destroyed his crop. The scholar at first tried to persuade him to let the mouse go; Manawyddan refused. Then the scholar tried to buy the mouse for one pound. Again, Manawyddan refused. So the scholar left.
As Manawyddan continued with his preparation to hang the mouse, he met a priest who asked him what was doing. Manawyddan told the priest the same thing as he told the scholar. The priest told him that this strange act was rather degrading for one of Manawyddan's station. The priest also tried to persuade Manawyddan to release the mouse or let him buy the mouse, offering three pounds. Manawyddan refused the priest as he did with the scholar. So the priest departed.
Next, Manawyddan encountered the archbishop. Manawyddan told archbishop the same thing that he had told the scholar and priest. The archbishop also offered to buy the mouse's freedom, at first seven pounds, then twenty-four pounds. Manawyddan told the archbishop that he would execute the mouse, regardless what the price was. The archbishop then offered all the horses in his land. Still Manawyddan refused.
Then the archbishop asked what he would accept to free the mouse. Manawyddan told the archbishop, he would accept nothing less than the return of Rhiannon and her son Pryderi, along with removing the enchantment on the land of Dyved.
Manawyddan also learned that the mouse was the archbishop's wife. The archbishop was actually Llywd, the son of Kil Coed, and friend of Gwawl. The same Gwawl who was punished by Pwyll, who tricked Llywd's friend into playing the Badger in the Bag game. Llywd decided to avenge Gwawl upon Pryderi. During Pryderi and his mother's disappearance, they were transformed into donkeys and forced to work in Llywd's land.
When Llywd's wife and followers found out that Manawyddan and Kigva were living in Dyved, they asked him (Llywd) to transform them into mice, so that they could destroy Manawyddan's crop.
Manawyddan told Llywd he would not release his wife, until Llywd promised no further revenge upon them. Llywd had no choice but to accept Manawyddan's peace proposal to end the feud.
Manawyddan released the mouse to Llywd when he was reunited with Rhiannon and Pryderi. The enchantment on the land was lifted. The people, who vanished years ago, were returned to Dyved.
Math Son of Mathonwy
was the last Branch of the Mabinogi. Much of the tale, centred on Math's nephew Gwydyon. Gwydyon first helped his brother Gilvaethwy seduced a maiden, and later helped Lleu, his nephew, to overcome successive curses by Lleu's own mother. The last part of the tale was about Lleu's unhappy marriage with Blodeuedd.
The Maiden Under My Feet
In the north of Wales, there was the lord of Gwynedd named Math. Math was the son of Mathonwy, and brother of Don. Math was a powerful sorcerer, who liked to rest his feet in the laps of a virgin maiden named Goewin, the daughter of Pebin from Dol Bebin in Arvon. He remained in Caer Dathal, unless there was tumult in his kingdom. Otherwise, his nephews – Gwydyon and Gilvaethwy, the sons of his sister Don, who were his main advisers, oversee the rest of his kingdom.
Gilvaethwy was in love with Goewin but realised he could not possibly have her, since she was devoted to her duties to his uncle. Gwydyon knew of his brother's problem, devised a plan to distract their uncle.
Gwydyon advised Math that there were animals known as pigs in Dyved, given to Pryderi's father, Pwyll, who had developed friendship with the ruler of the Otherworld Annwvyn.
Math sent his two nephews and ten other men to see if they could buy the pigs from Pryderi, who was the current ruler of Dyved. These pigs came from Arawn, lord of the otherworldly Annwfn, who was a friend of Pryderi's father. Gwydyon tricked Pryderi into exchanging the pigs for twelve magnificent horses and twelve greyhounds, which were only illusions.
Gwydyon and his companions fled with the pigs, before the illusions wore out at the end of the day. When Pryderi realised the deception, raised his army and followed Gwydyon to Gwynedd.
Gwydyon told his uncle that Pryderi had mustered a force against them. Math had to take his part in the war as the ruler of Gwynedd, left Goewin behind. During Math's absence, his nephew Gilvaethwy raped Goewin.
The war favoured the Math's army, who had driven Pryderi's forces back. Rather than risk any more lives in battle, Pryderi challenged Gwydyon in single combat. Gwydyon killed Pryderi, using his skills with sword and magic to overcome the chieftain of Dyved.
When Math returned to Caer Dathal, he learned that Goewin was no longer a virgin and that Gilvaethwy had forced himself upon her. Math need to find another virgin to rest his feet. Math decided to marry Goewin, despite the fact that his nephew had sullied her.
Math punished both Gwydyon and Gilvaethwy by striking them with his magic wand. Gwydyon was transformed into a stag, while Gilvaethwy had turned into a hind. Math told them to go into the forest to mate, and return a year from now with their young.
A year later, a stag and hind returned to Caer Dathal with a fawn. Math transformed the fawn to human form, and named his nephews' son, Hyddwn. Math transformed Gilvaethwy into a wild boar, while his other nephew became a wild sow. They were again told to mate and return a year from now.
A year later, Gwydyon and his brother returned with a young pig, which Math transformed into a boy. Math called the boy Hychdwn. Then Math transformed Gwydyon into a wolf while the other brother was turned into a she-wolf.
They returned a year later, with a wolf pup, whom Math named Bleiddwn, and his nephews' third son to a fosterage. Math said that they were punished enough, and turned his nephews back to human forms.
With Gwydyon regaining his human shape, he was allowed to resume his role as Math's adviser. Math asked his nephew which virgin will now take over Goewin's former duty. Gwydyon suggested his own beautiful sister Aranrhod.
Math tested if his niece was a virgin, by making Aranrhod stepped his magic wand. Immediately a male infant dropped out of Aranrhod's virgin womb. Math took the child and named him Dylan. However, a second child was born, whom Gwydyon hid in a chest.
Gwydyon brought up the second son of Aranrhod, who grew rapidly, like Volsung and Sigurd in the Norse mythology. At the age of four, the boy grew as large as boy of eight.
When Gwydyon brought the child before Aranrhod for the first time, Aranrhod became upset and angry when she learned that the boy was her own son.
Aranrhod learned that Gwydyon haven't given the boy a name. Rather than give blessing to her son, Aranrhod gave Lleu three curses. Gwydyon helped Lleu overcome each curse. The first curse was that her son would receive no name until she gave him a name. Gwydyon tricked Aranrhod into giving her son a name, since she did not recognise him. Her son became known as Lleu of the Skillful Hand.
Aranrhod told Gwydyon that Lleu would not receive any armour and weapon unless she gave them to him. One day, Gwydyon used magic to disguise himself and his nephew. Gwydyon told Aranrhod that there was fleet of raiders about to invader her land. Aranrhod who did not recognised her son or brother, armed Lleu with armour and weapon. Immediately the illusion of raiding fleet conjured up by Gwydyon vanished.
Then Aranrhod angrily cursed her son that so that he could not have any wife from any race of people. This curse proved almost impossible to overcome, so Gwydyon asked Math to help the young man find a wife.
Taking pity on Lleu, Math used his magic wand to create the loveliest woman out of flowers. She was named Blodeuedd. Math had Blodeuedd marry Lleu, and gave him the cantrev of Dinoding to live in.
The marriage did not last, because during Lleu's absence, Blodeuedd met a hunter named Goronwy the Staunch, lord of Penllyn. Blodeuedd fell in love with Goronwy. Together they plotted to rid of Lleu.
Blodeuedd learned from her husband that he could only be killed by a spear that took a whole year to make, and only if he had one foot on a goat's back and one foot in a tub full of water. Blodeuedd treacherously gave this information to her lover. Goronwy immediately set about making the spear.
On that fateful day, Blodeuedd persuaded her husband to take a bath on the bank of the river. When Lleu had one of feet on a goat while the other was still in the tub, Goronwy hurled a spear at Lleu's back. Instead of killing Lleu, he was transformed into an eagle.
Goronwy and Blodeuedd took over Lleu's domain, conquering Ardudwy and Penllyn. Gwydyon and Math were upset over Lleu's disappearance, so Math sent his nephew to find Lleu.
After a year of searching for his nephew, Gwydyon found a weak eagle on top of a dead tree. Gwydyon sang a song, to entice the eagle to come down the tree. Gwydyon used the wand on the eagle so that Lleu resumed his own form. Gwydyon found that his nephew was seriously injured and almost starved to death.
Gwydyon nursed Lleu to full health. Lleu was given an army to avenge his injury. When Blodeuedd heard news of her husband recovery, she fled from Mur Castell. Gwydyon caught up with her, transforming her into an owl called Blodeuwedd.
Goronwy the Staunch tried to make amend and peace with Lleu. Lleu refused to accept any compensation from Goronwy unless he agreed to place himself in the same situation when Goronwy wounded him.
Goronwy had no choice but to accept his punishment. It was Lleu who now wielded the spear, while Goronwy stood on a goat and the tub of water. Goronwy asked it he could place a rock between the spear and where he stood. Lleu agreed to the term.
However the rock was no protection for Goronwy. Lleu's spear pierced through the rock and killed Goronwy.
After this, Lleu won back his home, and lived there until he became king of Gwynedd when Math died or abdicated.