"We have each been given the gift of life, how do you use your gift?"
The Polynesian's, like many other cultures, base their deity on events that effect their everyday lives.
This article will cover some but not all of these deities.
We start with the Polynesian Supreme God, "Io" (core) who created the world. He is said to dwell above the sky in Te Toi-o-nga-Rango, the highest heaven of the twelve upper worlds.
There is also"Auahi-Turoa". He was the son of the Sun God "Tama Nui-Te-Ra". It has been said that at one time, Maui, captured Tama Nui-Te-Ra and forced him to move slower across the sky in order to have a longer day. But that is a story for another time.
At any rate, Tama Nui-Te-Ra sent Auahi-Turoa, down to earth as a comet, bearing the Seed of Fire. On earth, Auahi-Turoa married Mahuika, the Fire-Goddess. They in turn had five sons who were known as the Fire Children They were named after the five fingers of the hand. They are Koiti (little finger), Konui (thumb), Koroa (index finger), Manawa (ring finger) and Mapere (middle finger) Koiti (little finger).
Included within the Polynesian pantheon are the seven guardians of the world. They are Ara Tiotio, Fa'a'ipu, Firifiri'Aufau, Nihoniho teitei, Orerorero, Tahu'a, and Tamaumau'orero.
There is also Limu the Polynesian God of the Dead.
Lona the Moon Goddess. It is said that she fell in love with a mortal man, named Ai Kanaka. They married and then he traveled on her wings to the White Kingdom where she ruled. They lived very happily together until Ai Kanaka died of old age.
The Polynesian Goddess of Love is Alalahe and the God of War is Kuklikimoku.
There is Ai Tupua'i, who is the Goddess of Healing and of War. And Hiiaka, who is a sister to Pele the Goddess of Volcanic fires. There is also Mahuika, who is the Goddess of Fire and Earthquakes.
The ruler of the Underworld is Mahiuki and Tangaroa is the Polynesian God of the Ocean who breathes once every 12 hours hours thus creating the tides.
Another interesting Polynesian Goddess is Whaitiri. She was the Goddess of Thunder and was said to favor human flesh. There are many others in the Polynesian pantheon such as La'a Maomao, the Polynesian God of the Winds.
And Hine, the Goddess of Darkness. In fact the Goddess Hine takes on four other aspects as a Goddess such as Hine-tu-whenua, a benevolent Goddess of the Wind who blows vessels to their destination. You'll have to do the research for her other forms.
There are even two demons of the deep seas called Aremata-rorua (long wave) and Aremata-popoa (short wave). Their pin life is to destroy mariners. They are greatly feared by polynesian sailors.
I could go on, but I hope that your interest in Polynesian Deity is peaked and that you will research this fascinating culture even further. Pagans come in all varieties and the Polynesians have their place in our history and culture.
"Remember this-that there is a proper dignity and proportion to be observed in the performance of every act of life."
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (121 AD - 180 AD)
Native American section: The Origin of Summer and Winter
The Acoma chief had a daughter named Co-chin-ne-na-ko, called Co- chin for short, who was the wife of Shakok, the Spirit of Winter. After he came to live with the Acomas, the seasons grew colder and colder. Snow and ice stayed longer each year. Corn no longer matured. The people soon had to live on cactus leaves and other wild plants.
One day Co-chin went out to gather cactus leaves and burn off the thorns so she could carry them home for food. She was eating a singed leaf when she saw a young man coming toward her. He wore a yellow shirt woven of corn silk, a belt, and a tall pointed hat; green leggings made of green moss that grows near springs and ponds; and moccasins beautifully embroidered with flowers and butterflies.
In his hand he carried an ear of green corn with which he saluted her. She returned the salute with her cactus leaf. He asked, "What are you eating?" She told him, "Our people are starving because no corn will grow, and we are compelled to live on these cactus leaves."
"Here, eat this ear of corn, and I will go bring you an armful for you to take home with you," said the young man. He left and quickly disappeared from sight, going south. In a very short time, however, he returned, bringing a large bundle of green corn that he laid at her feet.
"Where did you find so much corn?" Co-chin asked.
"I brought it from my home far to the south," he replied. "There the corn grows abundantly and flowers bloom all year."
"Oh, how I would like to see your lovely country. Will you take me with you to your home?" she asked.
"Your husband, Shakok, the Spirit of Winter, would be angry if I should take you away," he said.
"But I do not love him, he is so cold. Ever since he came to our village, no corn has grown, no flowers have bloomed. The people are compelled to live on these prickly pear leaves," she said.
"Well," he said. "Take this bundle of corn with you and do not throw away the husks outside of your door. Then come tomorrow and I will bring you more. I will meet you here." He said good-bye and left for his home in the south.
Co-chin started home with the bundle of corn and met her sisters, who had come out to look for her. They were very surprised to see the corn instead of cactus leaves. Co-chin told them how the young man had brought her the corn from his home in the south. They helped her carry it home.
When they arrived, their father and mother were wonderfully surprised with the corn. Co-chin minutely described in detail the young man and where he was from. She would go back the next day to get more corn from him, as he asked her to meet him there, and he would accompany her home.
"It is Miochin," said her father. "It is Miochin," said her mother. "Bring him home with you."
The next day, Co-chin-ne-na-ko went to the place and met Miochin, for he really was Miochin, the Spirit of Summer. He was waiting for her and had brought big bundles of corn.
Between them they carried the corn to the Acoma village. There was enough to feed all of the people. Miochin was welcome at the home of the Chief. In the evening, as was his custom, Shakok, the Spirit of Winter and Co-chin's husband, returned from the north. All day he had been playing with the north wind, snow, sleet, and hail.
Upon reaching the Acoma village, he knew Miochin must be there and called out to him, "Ha, Miochin, are you here?" Miochin came out to meet him. "Ha, Miochin, now I will destroy you."
"Ha, Shakok, I will destroy you," replied Miochin, advancing toward him, melting the snow and hail and turning the fierce wind into a summer breeze. The icicles dropped off and Shakok's clothing was revealed to be made of dry, bleached rushes.
Shakok said, "I will not fight you now, but will meet you here in four days and fight you till one of us is beaten. The victor will win Co-chin-ne-na-ko."
Shakok left in a rage, as the wind roared and shook the walls of White City. But the people were warm in their houses because Miochin was there. The next day he left for his own home in the south to make preparations to meet shakok in combat.
First he sent an eagle to his friend Yat-Moot, who lived in the west, asking him to come help him in his fight with Shakok. Second, he called all the birds, insects, and four-legged animals that live in summer lands to help him. The bat was his advance guard and shield, as his tough skin could best withstand the sleet and hail that Shakok would throw at him.
On the third day Yat-Moot kindled his fires, heating the thin, flat stones he was named after. Big black clouds of smoke rolled up from the south and covered the sky.
Shakok was in the north and called to him all the winter birds and four-legged animals of winter lands to come and help him. The magpie was his shield and advance guard.
On the fourth morning, the two enemies could be seen rapidly approaching the Acoma village. In the north, black storm clouds of winter with snow, sleet, and hail brought Shakok to the battle. In the south, Yat-Moot piled more wood on his fires and great puffs of steam and smoke arose and formed massive clouds. They were bringing Miochin, the Spirit of Summer, to the battlefront. All of his animals were blackened from the smoke. Forked blazes of lightning shot forth from the clouds.
At last the combatants reached White City. Flashes from the clouds singed the hair and feathers of Shakok's animals and birds. Shakok and Miochin were now close together. Shakok threw snow, sleet, and hail that hissed through the air of a blinding storm. Yat-Moot's fires and smoke melted Shakok's weapons, and he was forced to fall back. Finally he called a truce. Miochin agreed, and the winds stopped, and snow and rain ceased falling.
They met at the White Wall of Acoma. Shakok said, "I am defeated, you Miochin are the winner. Co-chin-ne-na-ko is now yours forever." Then the men each agreed to rule one-half of the year, Shakok for winter and Miochin for summer, and that neither would trouble the other thereafter. That is why we have a cold season for one-half of the year, and a warm season for the other.
"He removes the greatest ornament of friendship, who takes away from it respect."
Cicero (106 BC - 43 BC)
Irish Loin of Pork with Lemon and Herbs
6 lb Boneless pork loin
1/4 cup Minced onion
1 tbsp Basil
3/4 cup Olive oil
1/2 cup Chopped parsley
1/4 cup Finely grated lemon peel
3 ea Garlic cloves crushed
3/4 cup Dry sherry
Pat pork dry. Score well with sharp knife. Combine parsley, onion, peel, basil, and garlic in a small bowl. Whisk in 2/3 of oil.
Rub into pork. Wrap in foil and refrigerate overnight. Let pork stand at room temperature 1 hour before roasting. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.
Brush pork with remaining olive oil. Set on rack in shallow pan. Roast until meat thermometer inserted in thickest part of meat registers 170 degrees F, about 2 1/2 hours.
Set meat aside. Degrease pan juices. Blend Sherry into pan juices. Cover and cook over low heat 2 minutes. Pour into sauceboat. Transfer pork to platter. Garnish with fresh parsley and lemon slices. Serve sauce separately.
Irish Parsnip and Apple soup
1 tablespoon of Butter
1 pound of Parsnips, thinly sliced
1 pound ofApples, peeled/cored/sliced
1 chopped onion
2 teaspoons of curry powder
1 teaspoon of ground cumin
1 teaspoon of ground coriander
1/2 teaspoon of cardamon seeds
1 large crushed garlic clove
1 and 1/4 litre stock of beef or chicken
150 ml of Cream
Salt and pepper
Chopped chives or parsley
Heat the butter, and when foaming, add the parsnips,apples, and onions. Soften them but do not let color.
Add the curry powder, spices and garlic and cook for about 2 minutes, stirring well.
Pour in the stock slowly, stirring until well mixed.Cover and simmer gently for half an hour, or until the
parsnips are quite soft. Taste for seasoning. Strain or liquidize, and if too thick, dilute with a little stock or water. Add the cream and reheat, but do not let boil.
Serve garnished with chopped chives or parsley.
The powers of light and color
by Sabrina McIntosh
The use of colored lights is becoming more popular as people discover the benefits of this practice. Whether to set a mood, calm you down, or wake you up, light has long been used to affect our frame of mind. Colored light is an easy and affordable method of mood alteration. Household bulbs in a variety of colors are available at many stores for a reasonable cost.
I use colored lights for a variety of purposes. I started years ago when I realized blue light made me feel calm. My favorite room for blue light is the bathroom, where I enjoy spending time in the bath to relax. I also like to use colored lights in other rooms around the house to provide the atmosphere I want the room to achieve. For example, I like a soft pink light in the bedroom because it gives me a feeling gentleness and security.
When choosing a color, first determine what you wish to achieve. Colors can give different feelings to different people. If you feel a different color would better suit your needs, go with your feelings. Experiment by adding colored light to a room in your house and experiencing it for a few days. When you are in that room, let yourself acknowledge the light and enjoy it. My favorite place for colored light is in the bathroom, where I relax in the bath. I like a dark blue light then, because it helps me feel relaxed. Try mixing two colors for different results by putting different colored bulbs in two or more lamps around the room.
The following is a general guide to colors and the moods they promote. I have compiled this list from my experiences and the experiences of others. I always encourage people with whom I share the use of colors to experiment and discover what works for them. The experimentation can be fascinating as you learn about the affects light has on you, something many people have never thought about.
Blue- relaxation. Blue light works well in bathrooms if you enjoy relaxing in a bath or shower. It is also good in bedroom lamps if you want to promote calmness and sleep. A blue night-light is often good for children who suffer from nightmares because it is a calming color.
Green- very similar to the effects of blue light. Green light has also been said to decrease appetite. If you are on a diet a green light in the kitchen or dining room may help. Green is also a color of fertility, and if this is what you're trying to achieve in the bedroom, a green light may help.
Red- awakens the spirit. It is energizing and bold. The color red is said to increase appetite, so you may want to keep it out of the dining room unless you're having a dinner party. In the bedroom, red light helps sexual activity, and could lead to active nights! It's not a good color for relaxation or sleep, so you may want to keep two lamps in the bedroom: one for blue light and one for red.
Orange- very similar to red, although more gentle. Orange light helps the imagination and is good for creativity. It is also a refreshing color and its attributes make it an idea color for work situations. Orange gives a feeling of warmth and security as well.
Yellow- uplifting and warm. Yellow light brightens any room and generally makes people feel happier. It's good for social gatherings because people tend to talk more in yellow light. If your home feels cold or impersonal, yellow light can help.
Pink- soft, gentle. Pink promotes feelings of safety and peaceful happiness. In a child's room, pink works well as a night light because of its softness. In the adults' room, pink promotes intimacy and romance.
Purple- spirituality and mystery. Purple sets the mood for serious spiritual exploration. It is the color associated with psychic abilities and helps awaken that aspect. Purple is rich and powerful. It invokes feelings of pride and ability.
Blue and purple together- a great combination for meditation or more relaxed spiritual moments. It marries the royalty of purple with the calmness of blue for a feeling of reassurance and peacefulness.
Blue and green- a calm atmosphere, but not as sleepy as blue alone. This combination is good for more quite get-togethers or intimate conversation.
Red and orange- calms down the affects of red, but not too much. This combination is spirited and lively. Don't use this is you want peace and quite. Instead, save it for a time when you need to be energized.
Orange and yellow- creates more of a warm feeling than yellow alone. Orange and yellow used together are great for social events.
Pink and orange- creates a very warm, safe feeling if the shade of orange is soft. If the orange is too bold, the combination doesn't work well.
Purple and red- not a combination I recommend. The bright red and deep purple can be harsh on the eyes and lead to a headache.
Many of the colors are available in light and deep shades. For a gentle affect, use the light shades. For a more intense affect, use the deeper shades. Try several colors and combinations to determine what works best for you.
A Brief Look at Neptune:
Neptune, is the Roman God of the Sea. He is often portrayed as a bearded man with long hair, holding a trident. Neptune married the beautiful water nymph, Amphitrite. Originally, Neptune was worshipped by the Romans primarily as a Horse God. He was known as Neptune Equester, patron of horse-racing. He had a temple near the race tracks in Rome (built in 25 BCE), the Circus Flaminius, as well as one in the Campus Martius. On July 23, the "Neptunalia" was observed at the Circus Flaminius.
The Greek God Poseidon, is the equivalent of Neptune.
Divination Section: Solmancy - This is divination by interpreting the rays of the sun.
Faery Section: Portunes (England) These diminutive faerys ( up to an inch tall ) look like tiny old men. And like the leprechaun, they also guard a treasure and will grant a wish if caught. They are very wily and love to play harmless tricks or pranks.
Wands and their uses:
A wand made of the Alder is used to attract and communicate with faeries.
It's ogham letter is F ( Fearn ).
The Alder is also known as the wood of spiritual protection. It is also known as the tree of fire. In the battle of the trees (Cad Goddeu), the Alder fought in the very front line. Alder is often used to control the four winds.
Herb Section: Dill: (Anethum graveolens) Seeds
An ancient Egyptian remedy in the Ebers papyrus (c. 1500 BC) recommends dill as one of the ingredients in a pain-killing mixture. The Romans knew dill as "anethum" which later became "anise". Dill is used to treat colic, gas, and indigestion. Dill has always been considered a remedy
for the stomach, relieving wind and calming the digestion. Dill's essential oil relieves
intestinal spasms and griping and helps to settle colic, hence it is often used in gripe water mixtures.
Chewing the seeds improves bad breath. Dill makes a useful addition to cough, cold and flu remedies, and is a mild diuretic. Dill increases milk production, and when taken regularly by nursing mothers, helps to prevent colic in their babies. To stimulate the flow of breast milk in nursing mothers bring one pint of white wine almost to a boil, remove from heat and add 1 tsp each of anise, caraway, coriander and dill. Bring one pint of white wine almost to a boil, remove from heat and add 4 tsp of dill seeds, let steep 30 minutes and strain. Drink 1 ½ cups a half hour before retiring to sleep well. Chewing dill seeds removes bad breath. Dill can also be made into a Tea, and sweetened with honey, or prepared as an infusion by steeping 2 teaspoons of seed in 1 cup of water for 10-15 minutes, then straining. Take 1- 2 cups per day.
As far as magickal uses, Dill is used in love and protection sachets. The dried seed heads hung in the home, over doorways, and above cradles provides protection. Add dill to your bath to make you irresistible to your lover. Place in the baby’s cradle for protection. Use in money spells.
The properties of dill are digestive, antibacterial, antispasmodic and diuretic. Dill contains volatile oil, consisting mainly of carvone with dihydrocarvone, limonene, a- and b-phellandrene, eugenol, anethole, myristicin, carveole and x-pinene. Dill also contains flavonoids: kaempferol and its blucuronide, vicenin. Coumarins such as scopoletin, esculetin, bergapten, umbelliferone. Xanthone derivatives such as dillanoside. And triterpenes, phenolic acids, protein and fixed oil.
Dill grows in most regions of North America. It needs sun and a well-drained soil, and frequent waterings. It is a hardy annual, biennial in the deep southern regions, that reaches 2 - 3 feet tall. The leaves are bluish-green, bi-pinnate with fili-form leaflets; the base dilates into a sheath surrounding the stem. Flat, compound umbels of yellow flowers appear from July to September, producing eventually the oval, ribbed dill seeds. Dill matures quickly, and self-sows for the following year. Plant in six week intervals for a season-long supply of fresh dill.
Crick's Corner: Greetings folks: In Witchcraft, there is a set of responsibilities that go with this path. For instance we have to be true to ourselves and to others in order to set an example of spirituality. As a witch, we take on the stewardship for plants and animals. We are not above nature but rather we are as one with Her. As such we are able to connect on a very deep level and to communicate with other realms and beings. When doing energy works, we have the responsibility ti direct this energy into a constructive and positive manner. We have a responsibility to continue to learn and grow from our life experiences. Some folks will have the responsibility of passing this knowledge on to those who follow. We have the responsibilty to be true to our chosen path and not to just wear a pentacle and call oneself a witch.
Witchcraft is a distinct way of life and should be respected as such.
Until next time Cailleach's...
Go n-ithe an cat thú is go n-ithe an diabhal an cat
"May the cat eat you and the devil eat the cat"
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