Spiritual life is like a book, how many pages will your book contain?
Pachacamac; A chronology of sorts
Pachacamac (pa cha kamak): (Pachacamac is made up of “pacha”; world and “camac” to “animate”), is also known as “Viracocha”. He is the Incan God of "Fire and Earthquakes." He is the “huaca” that controls the balance of the world. He is the Creator God of the Inca’s.
According to Incan legend, “in the beginning there was nothing for the first man and the first woman to eat, and eventually, the man died of starvation. Pachacamac then fertilized the woman and she produced a male child. Pachacámac then became viciously jealous of his heir and killed the child, scattering the remains around the earth. These scattered remains became the essential ingredients of humanity. The "teeth of man" became “maize” and his bones became “yucca.” And thus humanity was created. The woman bore a second son “Wichama” who managed to escape death at the hands of Pachacamac, so Pachacamac killed the woman instead. In time, Wichama sought revenge and drove Pachacamac into the ocean. The name “Inca" means "People of the Sun”, and the shrine of Pachacamac was one of the holiest shrines in the central Andes
Pachacamac was the son of “Inti” and “Mama Quilla” and was the husband of” Mama Pacha”. To the Incas, Inti (also known as “Apu Punchau”) was known as the Sun God and the God of Rainbows, as well the patron deity of the Incan empire which was centered on the sacred city of Cuzco. And he was the father of the first Incan emperor; Manco Capac I. Inti was represented as a Golden disc bearing a human face. The Incan Emperor was the human representative of Inti here on earth.
Mama Quilla (Mother Moon or Golden Mother) was a Marriage, Festival and Moon Goddess. And she was the daughter of Pachacamac and Mama Cocha. She was also the husband and sister of Inti. By way of Inti, she was the mother of Manco Capac I, Pachacamac, Kon and Mama Oello. The Empress of the Incan empire would be the earthly representative of Mama Quilla within the sacred temple. Mama Pacha was a Fertility Goddess who presided over planting and harvesting. In her dragon form, she caused earthquakes. She was also the Moon Mother who regulated women's menstrual cycles.
Mama Cocha (sea mother) was the Incan “Sea and Fish goddess”, protectress of sailors and fishermen. And husband of Pachacamac.
Manco Capac I is considered to be the founding father/ruler of the Incan Empire. He was a son of Inti and the brother of Pachacamac. Manco Capac I, himself was worshipped by the Incas as a Fire and Sun God.
Kon was the God of Rain and the South Wind.
Mama Oello was the Incan Mother and Fertility Goddess. She is credited with teaching the Incans the art of “spinning”. She was also the sister and wife of Manco Capac I.
And so folks there you have it. As always I encourage you to research further on this fascinating subject of yet another pagan culture.
Note: No written records exist from the Incan Empire. All information on Incan mythology is based on oral legends and writings handed down from Spanish conquerors and missionaries after 1532 CE.
"A human being is a part of the whole, called by us Universe, a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest--a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole nature in its beauty."
Native American section: The Magic Arrows
There was once a young man who wanted to go on a journey. His mother provided him with sacks of dried meat and pairs of moccasins, but his father said to him:
"Here, my son, are four magic arrows. When you are in need, shoot one of them!"
The young man went forth alone, and hunted in the forest for many days. Usually he was successful, but a day came when he was hungry and could not find meat. Then he sent forth one of the magic arrows, and at the end of the day there lay a fat Bear with the arrow in his side. The hunter cut out the tongue for his meal, and of the body of the Bear he made a thank-offering to the Great Mystery.
Again he was in need, and again in the morning he shot a magic arrow, and at nightfall beside his camp-fire he found an Elk lying with the arrow in his heart. Once more he ate the tongue and offered up the body as a sacrifice. The third time he killed a Moose with his arrow, and the fourth time a Buffalo.
After the fourth arrow had been spent, the young man came one day out of the forest, and before him there lay a great circular village of skin lodges. At one side, and some little way from the rest of the people, he noticed a small and poor tent where an old couple lived all alone. At the edge of the wood he took off his clothes and hid them in a hollow tree. Then, touching the top of his head with his staff, he turned himself into a little ragged boy and went toward the poor tent.
The old woman saw him coming, and said to her old man: "Old man, let us keep this little boy for our own! He seems to be a fine, bright-eyed little fellow, and we are all alone."
"What are you thinking of, old woman?" grumbled the old man. "We can hardly keep ourselves, and yet you talk of taking in a ragged little scamp from nobody knows where!"
In the meantime the boy had come quite near, and the old wife beckoned to him to enter the lodge.
"Sit down, my grandson, sit down!" she said, kindly; and, in spite of the old man's black looks, she handed him a small dish of parched corn, which was all the food they had.
The boy ate and stayed on. By and by he said to the old woman: "Grandmother, I should like to have grandfather make me some arrows!"
"You hear, my old man?" said she. "It will be very well for you to make some little arrows for the boy."
"And why should I make arrows for a strange little ragged boy?" grumbled the old man.
However, he made two or three, and the boy went hunting. In a short time he returned with several small birds. The old woman took them and pulled off the feathers, thanking him and praising him as she did so. She quickly made the little birds into soup, of which the old man ate gladly, and with the soft feathers she stuffed a small pillow.
"You have done well, my grandson!" he said; for they were really very poor.
Not long after, the boy said to his adopted grandmother: "Grandmother, when you see me at the edge of the wood yonder, you must call out: 'A Bear! there goes a Bear!' "
This she did, and the boy again sent forth one of the magic arrows, which he had taken from the body of his game and kept by him. No sooner had he shot, than he saw the same Bear that he had offered up, lying before him with the arrow in his side!
Now there was great rejoicing in the lodge of the poor old couple. While they were out skinning the Bear and cutting the meat in thin strips to dry, the boy sat alone in the lodge. In the pot on the fire was the Bear's tongue, which he wanted for himself.
All at once a young girl stood in the doorway. She drew her robe modestly before her face as she said in a low voice:
"I come to borrow the mortar of your grandmother!"
The boy gave her the mortar, and also a piece of the tongue which he had cooked, and she went away.
When all of the Bear meat was gone, the boy sent forth a second arrow and killed an Elk, and with the third and fourth he shot the Moose and the Buffalo as before, each time recovering his arrow.
Soon after, he heard that the people of the large village were in trouble. A great Red Eagle, it was said, flew over the village every day at dawn, and the people believed that it was a bird of evil omen, for they no longer had any success in hunting. None of their braves had been able to shoot the Eagle, and the chief had offered his only daughter in marriage to the man who should kill it.
When the boy heard this, he went out early the next morning and lay in wait for the Red Eagle. At the touch of his magic arrow, it fell at his feet, and the boy pulled out his arrow and went home without speaking to any one.
But the thankful people followed him to the poor little lodge, and when they had found him, they brought the chief's beautiful daughter to be his wife. Lo, she was the girl who had come to borow his grandmother's mortar!
Then he went back to the hollow tree where his clothes were hidden, and came back a handsome young man, richly dressed for his wedding.
An Irish Triad: "Concerning three things that hide: an open bag hides nothing, an open door hides little, an open person hides something."
Featured Recipe: Baileys Irish Cream Truffles
12 oz semi-sweet chocolate morsels
1/4 cup heavy whipping cream
1 teaspoon vanilla
1 tablespoon sweet butter
2 egg yolks
1/4 cup Baileys Irish Cream liqueur
Melt chocolate, Baileys and heavy cream together over very low heat.
Whisk in yolks, one at a time; mixture will thicken. Whisk in butter.
Refrigerate overnight, or until firm.
With spoon make small balls. Roll in powdered sugar, cocoa, chopped nuts, sprinkles, etc.
Makes 16 servings.
Crystal Section: Amethyst
Amethyst enhances mental and emotional stability. It relieves depression and can help conquer unwanted habits and addictions, particularly alcoholism. It is a stone of peace and balance. It also enhances intuition and psychic abilities, and thus is used in many magickal workings. It relieves stress and diseases associated with over-indulgence such as gout. Has been used as an elixir in the treatment of arthritis. Amethyst is associated with the the astrological sign of Pisces, Virgo, Aquarius and Capricorn. Vibrates to the number 3.
A great crystal to use in meditations. Also used to protect against psychic attack. Amethyst is worn to protect against contagious diseases. It is also worn at sea as protection against storms and drowning. As well as a charm while engaging in business. Its element is Water and it is ruled by the planets of Jupiter and Neptune. Its energy is receptive.
When applied to the Throat and Heart Chakra, amethyst produces a calming effect.
Submitted by Crick
The term "Apologist" comes from the Greek word apologia, meaning the defense of a position against an attack. Apologists are often characterized as being deceptive, or less than honest, primarily through omission of negative facts and exaggeration of positive ones, which are techniques of classical rhetoric.
In all fairness I would like to point out that "Apologists" are found throughout the many religous and/or Spiritual beliefs that abound in our world.
The first known Christian Apologist of record is "Agrippa Castor". He is known for writing the critique of Basilides Basilides was "an Alexandrian scholar writing between 120 CE and 130 CE. Agrippa accuses Basilides of teaching that it was a matter of no moral significance to taste food offered to idols", that one could "renounce without reservation the faith in times of persecution" and that "he imposed upon his followers a five years' silence after the manner of "Pythagoras". These heretic thoughts ran contrary to the beliefs of Agrippa Castor, who saw magick and sorcery as evil.
What is interesting is that for the first 200 years or so, absolutely no mention is made of Jesus by any of the first Apologists. It has been established that the first roots of Christianity were in fact a combination of Jewish religious concepts of one superior God and the platonic concept of "logos". Logos (from the root of the Greek verb lego, "to say") was used to denote an intermediary between God and humanity. It was not until the "new Testament" that St. John used the word Logos to describe the Christian "Jesus".
One of these first apologists was Theophilus of Antioch. He became the bishop of the Christian community in the city of Antioch in 168 CE.
In his treatise to Autolycus, written circa 180 CE, he writes how first he was born a pagan and then became a Christian after reading the Jewish scriptures. When asked what was the meaning of the name "Christian" he responds "Because we are anointed with the oil of God." The name "Christ" itself means Anointed One, from the anointed kings of Israel. But at no time does Theophilus mention a Jesus Christ, at all.
He makes no reference to a founder-teacher, but instead states that, Christians have their doctrines and knowledge of God through the Holy Spirit (Logos). Along with the pronouncements of the Old Testament prophets, he also includes the Gospels. But these too are said to be the inspired word of God, and not a record of Jesus' words and deeds. When he quotes ethical maxims corresponding to Jesus' Gospel teachings, he presents them as the teaching of these gospels, not of Jesus himself.
During this same period, the Apologist known as Athenagoras of Athens, was active in Alexandria. He was a philosopher who had come to embrace Christianity, but had no involvement in any established church. In his treatise "A Plea For the Christians" addressed to the emperors, Marcus Aurelius Anoninus and Lucius Aurelius Commodus, he says this of his new beliefs, "We acknowledge one God, by whom the Universe has been created through his Logos, and set in order and kept in being, for we acknowledge also a Son of God . Should it occur to you to enquire what is meant by the Son, I will state that he is the first product of the Father (who) had the Logos in himself. He came forth to be the idea and energizing power of all material things." Yet again, no mention of a Jesus Christ.
When we look at the writings of Tatian who himself was a student of Justin Martyr. We find that he states that he was also converted to Christianity after reading the Jewish scriptures. Circa 160 CE, he wrote a treatise called an "Apology to the Greeks" in which he tries to convince pagans to turn to Christianity as the one true religion. In his treatise though, he never uses the word Christian but rather describes the Logos as the creative power of the universe. Which was first-begotten of the Father, through whom the world was made. No reference is made to the incarnation of this Logos. In his own words resurrection of the dead is not supported by the resurrection of a Jesus Christ. Eternal life is gained through knowledge of God not by any acts of sacrifice by a Jesus Christ. An interesting note; within a short period of writing this treatise, Tatian re-converted back to paganism.
Circa 155 CE. the first Latin apologist, "Minucius Felix", wrote a dialogue between a Christian and a heathen, entitled Octavius. And though the word "Christian" is often used, once again at no time is there a reference made to a Jesus Christ.
I personally find it fascinating that no mention was made of a Jesus Christ during the first couple hundred years of the beginning of Christianity.
In Rome, December 25 was made popular by Pope Liberius in 354 CE and became the date celebrated in the West in 435 CE when the first "Christ mass" was officiated by Pope Sixtus III. This coincided with the date of a celebration by the Romans to their primary god, the Sun, and to Mithras, a popular Persian sun god born on the same day. As well as the birth of the popular son/deity of the Egyptians, "Ra".
The Roman Catholic writer Mario Righetti candidly admits that, "to facilitate the acceptance of the faith by the pagan masses, the Church of Rome found it convenient to institute the 25th of December as the feast of the birth of Christ to divert them from the pagan feast, celebrated on the same day in honor of the 'Invincible Sun' Mithras, the conqueror of darkness" (Manual of Liturgical History, 1955, Vol. 2, p. 67).
If one were to affirm the position of the stars at the time of the alledged birth of Jesus Christ, one would determine that he was actually born in the Spring if at all.
And yet in the Christian Scriptures it states that, "no one is recorded to have kept a feast or held a great banquet on his birthday. It is only sinners who make great rejoicings over the day in which they were born into this world" (Catholic Encyclopedia, 1908 edition, Vol. 3, p. 724, "Natal Day").
I'm confused, if it is sinners who celebrate their bithday than why is the birthday of Jesus such a huge issue amongst christians who claim to be the only true religion in the whole world? But I will leave such controversy to the reader to determine for yourself.
"Better keep yourself clean and bright; you are the window through which you must see the world."
George Bernard Shaw
HONEY LEMON SQUARES
1/2 cup butter or margarine, softened
1/4 cup powdered sugar
1 cup + 1 Tbsp. flour, divided
3/4 cup honey
1/2 cup lemon juice
1 tsp. grated lemon peel
1/2 tsp. baking powder
In a medium bowl, cream the butter and powdered sugar until light and fluffy. Add one cup of flour and mix until combined.
Press mixture evenly into the bottom of a 9-inch square pan. Bake at 350°F for 20 minutes or until lightly browned.
Meanwhile, in a medium bowl, whisk together remaining 1 Tbsp. flour with remaining ingredients until thoroughly blended. Pour over a baked crust; bake 20 minutes more, until filling is set. Cool in pan and cut into squares to serve.
Makes 12 servings
Craft Section: Yule crafts
Note: These are NOT edible! I am sharing this recipe because they make wonderful gifts. They also would make your house smell heavenly if you make these for your tree.
1 cup Applesauce
1 oz Cinnamon
1 oz Ground cloves
1 oz Ground nutmeg
1 oz Ground ginger
Cinnamon for cutting board
Combine ingredients to make a stiff dough. Roll out on board dusted with ground cinnamon. Cut with
cookie cutters of your choice. Put hole in top for string. Lay out flat to dry. Turn over every 12 hours until completely dry.
1 18” wire wreath frame
48 pine cones
a spool of florist wire
clear shellac or varnish
red or burgundy ribbon for bows
9 small golden apples from craft store
gold glitter (optional)
Begin attaching the pine cones to the wire frame using the florist wire, starting with the largest cones. Using the smaller cones, fill in the spaces until your wreath is nice and even all around. Apply shellac or varnish to protect the cones. (If you’d like to ad some gold glitter, you can sprinkle it on while the shellac is still wet.
Leave it undisturbed overnight to dry. The next day, attach the apples and bows using the florist wire. Be creative. Try making one beautiful bow with several hanging “tails” to attach to the bottom of your wreath.
Herb Section: MaidenHair Fern
MaidenHair Fern is used for coughs, colds, pleurisy, bronchitis, catarrh and respiratory ailments. In Europe it was made into a syrup called "capillaire" by boiling fern fronds in sugar and water. The thick mixture was diluted with water and considered a fashionable social drink. A tea from the fresh plant has been used as an expectorant in treating coughs since the time of the ancient Greeks.
The dry leaves are smoked to relieve head colds and chest ailments. Fresh fronds stuffed in a shirt are supposed to aid chest ailments. Use for lung conditions in tea or syrup and to help the liver in jaundice. Useful in cases of kidney stones, it is also said to restore fallen hair. The tea is an excellent hair rinse, adding some body (particularly in sun dried or over-processed hair) and, with Chamomile or Yarrow added to the tea, some sheen. Maidenhair fern is also employed to promote menstruation and as a mild diuretic. In Europe it was used as a menstrual stimulant.
For grace, beauty and love, immerse in water. Then remove and keep in the bedroom.
To make an Infusion; Make with 50 g dried leaves to 500 ml water, and take for arteriosclerosis and varicose conditions. Use as a wash for varicose ulcers or hemorrhoids.
Decoction - Combine with herbs such as ma huang, elecampane, or mulberry leaves for asthma and severe or persistent coughs: 3 - 4 seeds are enough for three doses.
Maidenhair Fern Syrup:
2 cups fresh maidenhair fern leaves
4 cups water
2 cups un-pasteurized honey
Boil the plant in the water for 3 minutes, cover and infuse for 3 hours. Strain the decoction, and then gently melt the honey, without bringing to a boil, for 5 minutes. Pour the mixture into a glass bottle. Store in the refrigerator and consume within 2 months at a rate of 1 to 2 tsp. diluted in water, 3 times daily. Take in the event of chronic pulmonary disease, anemia or persistent skin disorders. This gentle treatment can be followed for 1 month without risk, by adding other, more caustic pectoral plants such as horseradish or wild thyme, but in small quantities.
A Brief Look at Enki; Sumerian God
Enki (Ea) is the son of Nammu the Mother Goddess. Enki is the lord of the abyss, his realm is the Abzu, the great freshwater ocean below the land. He is the God of fresh water, the God of craft and creativity. He also created mankind to help serve the Gods. (The first human created was a man called "Adapa" which the Christians later claimed as Adam:. His emblem was two serpents entwined on a staff, the basis for the winged caduceus symbol used by modern Western medicine. (This symbol has also been attributed to Ashera, an ancient Hebrew Goddess). He played a role in saving humanity from the global Deluge (circa 5000 BCE.) He defied the Anunnaki ruling council and told "Ziusudra" (the Sumerian who later became the Christian concept of "Noah")) how to build a ship on which to save humanity from the massive flood.
Yule is the Anglo-Saxon word for the festival of the Winter Solstice.
The word "Yule" may come from the Norse "iul" or the Anglo-Saxon "hweol", both meaning "wheel".
Yule is the time for the re-birth of the "Sun".
It is the time when the "Oak King (waxing) defeats the "Holly King" (waning).
Yule is known by many names, such as; Fionn's Day, Saturnalia, Alban Arthan, Gwyl Canol Gaeof, Feill Fionnain, Yuletide, and Midwinter.
Some of the plants associated with Yule are; Holly, mistletoe, fir, ivy, rosemary, oak, spruce and pine cones, evergreen boughs, poinsettia.
Holly is hung for its sharps points, in order to ward off spirits and faeries.
In Scandinavian countries, the Yule Elf known by the nams of Jultomten, Jule-nissen, or Julesvenn. is carried about by the Yule Goat, called; Jultomten or Julbukk.
Ashes from the Yule log are kept as protection from thunderstorms or lightning,
As late as the 6th. century, the Catholic churh outlawed having Yule/Christmas trees inside ones adobe, proclaiming this as an act of paganism.
It was the Teutonic custom to sacrifice a pig to Frey at the Winter Solstice, to ensure fertility in the coming year.
Mistletoe is also known as "Golden Bough".
The story of Kissing Under the Mistletoe
The Norse God "Balder" was the best loved of all the gods. His mother was Frigga, Goddess of Love and Beauty. She loved her son so much that she wanted to make sure no harm would come to him. So she went through the world, securing promises from everything that sprang from the four elements--fire, water, air, and earth, that they would not harm her beloved son Balder.
Leave it to Loki, a sly, evil spirit, to find the loophole. The loophole was mistletoe. He made an arrow from its wood. To make the prank even nastier, he took the arrow to Hoder, Balder's brother, who was blind. Guiding Holder's hand, Loki directed the arrow at Balder's heart, and he fell dead.
Frigga's tears became the mistletoe's white berries. Eventually Balder is restored to life, and Frigga is so grateful that she reverses the reputation of the offending plant, making it a symbol of love and promising to bestow a kiss upon anyone who passes under it.
Faery Section: Pillywiggins (England)
These tiny faeries are tenders of wildflowers. Occasionally they are seen riding on the backs of bees. They tend to stay to themselves, though they are thought to be playful faeries. They look somewhat like tiny humans with wings.
A' bheinn a's airde anns an tir, 'S ann oirre a's trice a chi thu 'n ceo.
"The highest mountain in the land Is the one on which you may see the mist"
Cricks Corner: Greetings folks, I would like to talk about the fear and ignorance that seems to prevail in our world today. In spite of the fact that the Pagan community has consistently presented itself as a nature based belief system,, there is a determined resistance by some religions to accept this as fact.
My question is Why?
Is it so terrible to believe that someone of a different faith other than their own, can be spiritual and at peace with oneself and their surroundings?
Is it so difficult to accept that some folks don't believe in extremes in the after-life but rather believe in a series of lives in order to achieve spiritual growth?
Is it so difficult to accept that some folks believe that Deity has a male and a female side? We see this as an example of polarity throughout Nature, it is only man that decides otherwise.
Could this be a form of hysterical control over the populace?
Is it so difficult to accept that women are equal to men and not the source of all evil?
Why is it that when I look up the word "Witch" in the Merriam Webster dictionary, I get the following definition: 1.one that is credited with usually malignant supernatural powers; especially : a woman practicing usually black witchcraft often with the aid of a devil or familiar : SORCERESS -- compare WARLOCK
2 : an ugly old woman : HAG?
Isn't this the 21st. century and not the 15th. century when the Malleus Maleficarum was the order of the day?
And lastly, what can we do as responsible Witches, to change this aura of ignorance and massive insecurity?
Until next time Cailleachs... Crick
Are you a pagan writer? Would you like to contribute an article to the Whispering Winds newsletter? Please send your comments, and/or submissions to firstname.lastname@example.org
Editor in Chief: Crick
Subscriber countries: Australia, New Zealand, England, South Africa, Canada, United States, Ireland, Germany, England, Scotland