Whispering Woods Herbal Grimoire

Section C 1


Herb Description List: Chicory, Chickweed, Chokecherry, Cinnamon, Cinquefoil, Citronella, Cleavers, Club Moss, Clover (Red), Cloves, Coltsfoot, Columbine leaves, Comfrey, Coneflower, Coriander, Cornflower, Cowslip, Crampbark, Cranberry, Crocus, Crowfoot, Cumin.


      

                                                                      Chicory: Coffeeweed    

                                                                              (Cichorium Intybus)



                                                                                                                                                       

Medicinal Uses: The herb was cultivated in Egypt over 5000 years ago, and was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, who used it as a salad ingredient and a vegetable. Its use as a coffee substitute is thought to date from 1806 when Napoleon's Continental blockade prevented imports of coffee. It was widely used for the same purpose during the World Wars.  

Chicory tea taken internally is believed to be effective in treating jaundice and liver problems. A tea made from roots or leaves appears to be useful for those with digestive problems.  Save a little tea and try dipping a cotton ball into it for a refreshing and soothing eye wash. You can also add a spoonful or two of  honey to thicken and use as syrup for a mild laxative for kids. For external use, bruise fresh Chicory leaves and apply to areas affected by gout, skin eruptions, swellings, skin inflammations, and rheumatism. The dried, crushed root is made into infusions and decoctions for digestive upsets and to improve appetite. A tea made from the flowers promotes the production of bile, the release of gallstones, and the elimination of excessive internal mucus. Homeopathically it is used for the help in relieving liver and gall bladder ailments.

Magickal uses: Gather in perfect silence at noon or midnight on Midsummer using a gold knife. Take the herb
gathered this way and place it against locked boxes or doors to open them. Carry to remove obstacles in your life. Carry specially cut chicory to become invisible. Spread chicory juice over your body to gain favors from a great person. Carry to promote frugalness. Place fresh flowers on altar or burn as incense. Chicory is masculine, ruled by the Sun and is associated with the element of Air.

Properties: Tonic, stimulant, laxative, appetizer, astringent, carminitive, cholagogue, digestive, diuretic, hepatic.

Growth: Chicory is a perennial herb.Chicory, or succory, known botanically as Cichorium intybus L., is a perennial member of the daisy family (Asteraceae), native to Europe but now found growing wild along roadsides and in neglected fields throughout North America. Attaining a height of three to five feet or more, it is conspicuous for its attractive azure blue flowers.

Laxative: 2 Tbsp Root to 2 cups Water. Let come just to a boil, take off burner and let cool. Take 1 to 1 1/2 cups a day, a mouthful at a time.




                                                               Chickweed:                           

                                                                             (Stellaria media)



Medicinal Uses: Chickweed is an excellent source of many B vitamins and
various minerals. It is used to treat bronchitis, pleurisy, coughs, colds, and as
a blood builder. Externally it is good for skin diseases, and the tea added to the
bath is good for soothing skin irritations and rashes. Chickweed had been used
for external application for inflamed substances, skin diseases, boils, scalds,
burns, inflamed or sore eyes, erysipelas, tumors, piles, cancer, swollen testes,
ulcerated throat and mouth, and all kinds of wounds.                                                                                                               The fresh herb is made into a salve to relieve eczema. Also used for  hoarseness,
bowels, constipation and blood disorders. It is used to "draw the poison out" of infections, inflammations, boils, or abcesses. Any form of internal inflammation is soothed and healed by application of chickweed as an external poultice. Traditional Chinese herbalists used a tea made from chickweed to treat nosebleeds.

Magickal uses: Chickweed is carried and/or used in spells to attract love and to maintain a relationship. Excellent offering for those that work with birds or avian spirit guides. Chickweed is associated with the element Water. It is a feminine herb and ruled by the Moon.

Properties: Alterative, demulcent, refrigerant, mucilaginous, pectoral, resolvent, discutient and antiscorbutic. Contains lecithin, is a source of phosphorus and potash salts, flavonoids and is high in Vitamin C.

Growth: Chickweed is an annual or biennial weed found in abundance all over the world. It prefers full sun, average to poor soils, and infrequent watering. Chickweed stems, usually less than 1 foot  tall, are so weak that the whole plant leans on other plants or adjacent firm supporting surfaces, often forming a tangled mass. Wherever the stem touches the ground the nodes give rise to roots and new stems. The stem has a row of hairs that change sides at the nodes. The opposite leaves are ovate to oblong in shape. The higher leaves are largely sessile, while those lower down on the stem have hairy petioles. The flowers, about 1/8 inch  in diameter, consist of five petals, but each petal is so deeply cleft that the blossoms look ten-pointed. The white petals are shorter than the green sepals.

Decoction: Boil 3 heaping Tbsp in 1 qt water till one pint remains; take 1 cupful warm every 3 hours or more often until bowels move.

or

Take a handful of fresh herb and add to boiling water; steep and take in half-cup doses twice a day till relief is gained.

Salve#1
Fresh chickweed which has been chopped and slowly warmed in petroleum jelly or lard; put into containers; first aid for cuts, nicks, bites and scratches.

Salve #2
Place 12 oz. fresh chickweed in 1 pint of olive, sweet almond or other suitable vegetable oil in ovenproof container; heat at 150 degrees F for 3 hours; strain and add 1/2 oz. melted beeswax to oil; stir as mixture thickens; used for soothing itches and rashes.




                                                                          Chokecherry:                                   

                                                                      (Prunus Virginiana)



Medicinal Uses: Chokecherry juice was used to treat sore throat
and diarrhea. Tea made from the bark was used as a cold remedy.
Tea made from chokecherry roots was used as a sedative and
stomach remedy. The bark has been used as a flavoring for cough syrups. Externally it was used for wounds. Dried powdered berries were once used to stimulate appetite, treat diarrhea and for bloody discharge of the bowels.

Magickal uses: Used in love and divination spells

Properties: Astringent, sedative, stomachic. dietary source of potassium. Contains cyanogenic glycosides (including prunasin), and enzyme (prunase), coumarins, volatile oil, tannins, resin.

Growth: Bark Chokecherry is found in much of the U. S. and southern Canada except for the coastal plain. The bark is dark gray to brown-black and furrowed. The twigs red-brown with pale lenticels. The leaves are alternate, simple; oval, oblong, or obviate in shape,1/2 to 4 inches long and  1/2 to 2 inches wide; glabrous, dark green above, paler beneath; rounded or cuneate at base, acuminate or acute at apex, margins sharply serrate; petiole about  (0.5 in) long, slender, with 2 glands near apex. It flowers in racemes, 3- 6 in. long, glabrous; flowers  0.2-0.3 in. in diameter; calyx-tube 5 lobed.; it has 5 petals which are white. Chokeberry flowers appear from April to July. Fruits drupes, 0.2-0.3 in. in diameter, globate, dark red to nearly black; fruits mature July to September.

Cattle have died from eating chokecherry. Do no use if pregnant. The seeds, bark and leaves may cause cyanide poisoning. The leaves of Chokecherry are poisonous when wilted because of the prussic acid contained in them. The seeds and bark are also poisonous, although the bark may be used medicinally if dried properly.



                                                                       
                                                                     Cinnamon:

                                                     (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) Bark


Add cinnamon to remedies for acute symptoms, as this herb is a
stimulant to other herbs and the body, enabling herbal remedies to
work faster. It is also a blood purifier, an infection preventive, and a
digestive aid. Cinnamon is used as a mouthwash, and is good for upset
stomach.
For a cold medication simmer sticks with cloves for 3 min, add 2 tsp lemon juice, 2 tsp honey, 2 tbsp whiskey.   Cinnamon is also good for yeast infection and athlete’s foot. A 2% solution will kill both of these conditions. Boil 8-10 sticks in 4 cups water, simmer 5 min, steep 45 min, then douche or apply to athlete’s foot. Cinnamon reduces cancer causing tendencies of many food additives.

Do not ingest cinnamon oil.

Magickal uses: The ancient Hebrews used cinnamon oil as part of a holy anointing oil. The Egyptians also used the oil during the mummification process. The Romans wove the leaves into wreaths, which were used to decorate the temples. Burned in incense, cinnamon will promote high spirituality. It is also used to stimulate the passions of the male. It should also be burned in incenses used for healing. The essential oil is used for protection.

Properties: Warming stimulant, carminative, antispasmodic, antiseptic, anti-viral, alterative, analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic, anti-rheumatic, aromatic, astringent, demulcent, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, germicide, hemostatic, stimulant, stomachic

Growth: Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka, growing in tropical forest and being extensively cultivated throughout the tropical regions of the world.




                                Cinquefoil: Five Fingers, Creeping Cinquefoil                      

                                                        (Potentilla reptans)





The roots have a bitterish, styptic, slightly sweetish taste and have been employed medicinally since the time of Hippocrates and Dioscorides. Cinquefoil is used as a mouthwash for "thrash" and taken for dysentery and diarrhea.     A decoction is odontalgic, used as a gargle for loose teeth, spongy gums and, periodontal disease. A medicinal tonic is used for fevers and debility. Fresh juice mixed with honey removes hoarseness and relaxes sore throat, is very medicinal for coughs.                                        
A strong decoction is poured over infections,  sores, rashes and as a bath additive it is soothing for reddened or irritated skin. An infusion of the leaves makes an excellent skin cleansing lotion and is also used cosmetically as a soothing lotion for reddened skin and for babies delicate skin. Powdered or crushed root stops bleeding.

Magickal uses: Flying ointment consists of equal parts of cinquefoil, aconite, belladonna, hemlock, parsley, and cowbane. If a seven leaf specimen is found and placed under the pillow, one will dream of their future lover. Hand a bag of the dried herb next to the bed for a good nights sleep. Place above a doorway or sprinkle around the home for protection. Bathe the head and hands nine times with an infusion of cinquefoil to break a hex or curse. Carry the herb for love, prosperity, health and wisdom. Carry to court to win case. Bore a hole in an egg and empty out the contents. Place cinquefoil inside the egg and then close the hole with tape or putty. This will protect the home from evil. Burn during divinations about love. The points of the leaves represent love, money, health, power and wisdom and when carried grants these. Cinquefoil is associated with the Mother Goddess and is ruled by the planet Jupiter. It is associated with Beltane and Midsummer and the element of Fire. It is a masculine herb.

Properties: astringent, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, bactericidal, carminative, decongestant, deodorant, expectorant and insecticide and tonic. Contains tannins

Growth: Cinquefoil is a perennial herb found growing in dry open woods, prairie hillsides, roadsides, old fields and waste places. The roots are long, slender rhizomes branched at the top from several crowns, from which arise the long-stalked leaves and solitary, yellow flowers that close up at night, and threadlike, creeping stems. The stem-runners root at intervals and often attain a length of 5 feet or more, spreading over a wide area. The name Five-leaf or Five Fingers refers to the leaves being divided into five leaflets. Each of these is about 1 1/2 inch long, with scattered hairs on the veins and margin. The margins of the leaflets serrated. In rich soils the leaflets are often six or seven. Flowers bloom in late May thru August.

Infusion:  1 oz. of the herb to a pint of boiling water is used in wineglassful doses for diarrhea and looseness of the bowels, and for other complaints for which astringents are usually prescribed, and it is employed externally as an astringent lotion and as a gargle for sore throat.

The juice of the root, mixed with wheat bread, boiled first, is recommended as a good styptic.
The root boiled in vinegar, being applied, heals inflammations, painful sores and the shingles. The same also, boiled in wine, and applied to any joint full of pain, ache or the gout in the hands, or feet or the hip-joint, called the sciatica, and the decoction thereof drank the while, doth cure them and eases much pain in the bowels.





                                                                   Citronella: Lemongrass                            

                                                                      (Cymbopogon citratus)                                                                                                                                                        





Medicinal Uses: Leaf tea treats diarrhea, stomachache, headaches, fevers, and flu, and is antiseptic. Lemongrass is drunk before bed to induce sleep. The infusion is also used to loosen and lessen mucous, to treat fevers, cramps, and stress.

Magickal uses: The essential oil strengthens psychic awareness and is also useful in purification mixtures.

Properties: antibacterial, sedative

Growth: This aromatic grass has clumped, bulbous stems becoming leaf blades and a branched panicle of flowers. Common to Southeast Asia, Lemongrass is cultivated throughout the warm tropical climates of the world. Grown as an annual.




                             Cleavers: Bedstraw, Madder's Cousin, Fleawort       

                                               (Galium aparine)  The herb                                                                                                                                                



Medicinal Uses: Traditional uses include : abdominal distention,
abrasions, arthritis, bladder disorders, breast cancer, burns, cancer,
cystitis, dropsy, dysuria, fever, furuncle, hematuria, hypertension,
jaundice, kidney disorders, leukemia, lymphadenitis, lymphadenopathy, nephritis, obesity, psoriasis, skin disorders, scurvy, sores, tonsillitis, tumor, ulcer, urinary calculi, and cystic and prostatic irritation in older men.                                                                                                                 
Bedstraw has been used in combination with poke, echinacea or calendula for the lymphatic system. Combine this plant with Yellow dock or Burdock for skin conditions. The juice of the fresh plant or a tea made from the dried plant is popular for skin problems. The juice or tea is applied daily and allowed to dry (before each application, wash the affected area with rectified alcohol. It is often combined with Bearberry for diuretic purposes. Applying the crushed fresh leaves directly is also said to be helpful for skin problems and for stopping bleeding.

Due to its high tannin content, Cleavers should be alternately taken (2 weeks use, 2 weeks non-use).

Magickal uses: Bedstraw may be worn or carried to attract love. It is feminine and is ruled by Venus. Its associated element is Water.

Properties: alterative, anticancer, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, aperient, astringent, blood purifier, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, hemostyptic, lymphagogue, lymphatic alterative, mild astringent, mild diuretic, refrigerant, skin alterative, tonic, and a urinary tract alterative. Constituents include glycoside asperuloside, gallotannic acid, citric acid.

Growth: Cleavers is an annual plant found in moist or grassy places and along riverbanks and fences in Canada, the eastern half of the U.S., and the Pacific coast. A slender taproot produces the weak, square, procumbent or climbing, prickly stem that grows from 2 to 6 feet long. The rough, oblong-lanceolate to almost linear leaves occur in whorls of 6 or 8 around the stem. The small, white or greenish-white flowers grow in cymes on long, axillary peduncies from May to September. The fruit consists of two joined, bristly, globular, one-seeded carpels.




                  Club Moss: Running Pine, Foxtail, Stag's Horn Moss, Wolf Claw

                                                        (Lycopodium selago)

The spores were once used for gastric and urinary disorders, as an antispasmodic
sedative and to coat pills.    
Blackfoot Indians knew of the spores' blood-stanching, wound-healing and
moisture-absorbing properties and inhaled them for nosebleeds and dusted them on cuts. They are still used on wounds and eczema.                                
The whole plant is used as a cathartic, the spores are used as a diuretic in edema, a drastic (a forceful agent of cure) in diarrhea and dysentery, a nervine for rabies and spasms, a mild laxative in cases of gout and scurvy, and a corroborant (strengthening agent) for rheumatism.

Club Moss can be an active narcotic poison when overused. For this reason it is probably better to use only the spores, which are non-toxic.

Magickal uses: Druids respected the plant to such a degree that it was gathered only under strict ritual guidelines. One of the Ovates would dress in white, bathe both feet in free-running water and offer a sacrifice of bread and spirits, and then with white robe wrapped around the right hand, using a brass hook, would dig up the plant by the roots. When properly gathered, the herb becomes a charm of power and protection. Wear it, add it to incense, and use it to commune with the Gods and Goddesses. Also used in protection and power spells. This herb is feminine and ruled by the Moon. It is associated with the element of Water.

Properties: diuretic, drastic, stomachic, aperient, nervine, and suppression of urine

Growth: Club moss are found in North America, northern Europe, Asia, and the southern hemisphere. The plants are several inches in height and resemble moss. They creep by means of prostrate stems, which branch upward at intervals, with crowded, linear, simple leaves. Large two valved spore cases product the medicinally active spores.





                                                                  
                                                     Clover, Red:             

                                                  (Trifolium pratense) Flower heads


Medicinal Uses: Red Clover is used as a nerve tonic and as a
sedative for exhaustion. It is used to strengthen those children
with weak systems, and is used with children for coughs, bronchitis, wheezing, as it is mild to their systems.

Red Clover contains some of the best mucus clearing properties found in nature. When taken for bronchitis, the tea is best drank warm.  It will both cleanse and soothe the bronchial nerves.                                                                        

It is also used for skin eruptions (acne).  Red clover ointments have been applied to the skin to treat conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, and other rashes. It may be used with complete safety in any case of childhood eczema. Useful for the treatment of other chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis.                                                                     Supplementation with red clover isoflavones has been associated with a sizeable increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, or "good" cholesterol in pre- and postmenopausal women. Some studies suggest that a proprietary extract of red clover isoflavones may slow bone loss and even boost bone mineral density in pre- and perimenopausal women.                                                                                                                                                         
It is often used in combination with many other drugs in the treatment of cancer. It is known to be one of the best herbs for treating all varieties of cancer anywhere in the body.  For over 100 years Red Clover has been used to treat and prevent cancer. To make a tea for cancer using just Red Clover Blossoms make it strong and drink at least 4 cups a day on an empty stomach.                                                                                                                           
Red Clover Blossoms are an excellent blood purifier, they stimulate the liver and activate the gall bladder.  They will also have a slight laxative effect on the system. It is also helpful in combating degenerative diseases  like arthritis and gout.

The use of Red Clover is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Women with a history of breast cancer should avoid Red Clover.

Magickal uses: Clover brings luck, prosperity, and health. Carrying a three-leaf clover gives you protection. Worn over the right breast it will bring you success in all undertakings.                                                                                       Two-Leaved: You shall soon find a lover or your lover will soon return.

Three-Leaved: The Trefoil is worn as an amulet for protection.

Four-Leaved: Brings peace of mind, protects against madness, strengthens psychic powers, enables the detection of spirits, and leads you to gold, money or treasure. Place in your shoe before going out it will increase your chances of meeting a rich new love. Mutual love will result if two people eat a four-leaf clover together. Seven grains of wheat placed on one will enable you to see fairies. Five-Leaved: Wear for the purpose of attracting money.

White Clover: (Triolium repens): Scatter around your home or use in work to break hexes.

Red Clover: (Trifolium pratense): For aide in financial arrangements add to your bath water. The infusion is sprinkled to remove negative spirits. Use in lust potions.

Blossoms: Tincture in vinegar for three days. The vinegar is then sprinkled around the house to discourage unwanted entities. Carry some flowers in your purse or pocket as a protective charm and to attract a new love.

In General: Grow clover to keep snakes away. Place in the left shoe and then forget about it and it will keep evil away. For easing a disappointment in love, wear it near your heat wrapped in blue silk.

Properties: Alterative, Antibiotic, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-viral, Anti-fungal, Anti-microbial, Anti-neoplastic, Anti-spasmodic, Anti-tumor, Blood purifier, Depurant, Diuretic, Expectorant, Female Tonic, Laxative, Nutritive, Sedative.

Contains calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. Red clover is also
considered to be one of the richest sources of isoflavones (biochanin A, daidzein, formononnetin, genistein, pratensein, trifoside). Also contains volatile oil; containing furfural, clovamides; L-Dopa-caffeic acid conjugates, coumarins; coumestrol, medicagol and coumarin, a galactomannan, resins, minerals vitamins, and phytoalexins.

Growth: Grow clover as you would lawn grasses. Clover is an excellent cover crop, planted in fallow areas and turned under in the fall, it makes an excellent fertilizer for poor soils. Red clover is a perennial herb that commonly grows wild in meadows throughout Europe and Asia, and has now been naturalized to grow in North America. The red flowers at the end of the branched stems are considered to be the source of its medicinal properties and are usually dried for therapeutic use.

Dried herb: (used for tea): 1 to 2 tsp dried flowers or flowering tops steeped in 8 oz hot water for 1/2 hour; take 2 to 3 cups daily


                                                                       Cloves:        

                                                     (Eugenia caryophyllata) Flower buds


Medicinal Uses: Clove oil will stop a toothache when it is applied directly
to the cavity. It is very warm and stimulating to the system, and is very
useful with people who have cold extremities. Cloves will promote sweating
with fevers, colds, and flu. It is often used in remedies for whooping cough.
Cloves are also safe and effective for relieving vomiting during pregnancy.
Cloves are also well known for their antispasmodic and stimulative
properties. The oil contains eugenol, a strong anesthetic and antiseptic
substance. Add clove oil to neutral oils for topical pain relief of arthritis.
Small amounts of clove in a tea for nausea. 3 cloves in two cups of boiled
water, steeped for 20 minutes, as an antiseptic and mouthwash. Former
alcoholics can suck on one or two cloves when the craving strikes to curb
the desire. Clove kills intestinal parasites and exhibits broad antimicrobial
properties against fungi and bacteria supporting its traditional use as a
treatment for diarrhea, intestinal worms, and other digestive ailments.

Magickal uses:  Cloves worn in an amulet will drive away negativity and hostility, and stop gossip. It is often carried to stimulate the memory, and can be added to attraction sachets. Clove oil is also worn as an aphrodisiac, and the buds when eaten are said to stir up bodily lusts. It is placed in sachets with mint and rose to chase away melancholy and to help one sleep soundly. Carried, it can also bring comfort to the bereaved and mourning. Carry in a pouch or amulet to attract love. Clove is masculine and associated with the element of Fire. It is ruled by the planet Jupiter.

Properties: Antiseptic, mind and body stimulant, analgesic, antibacterial, carminative. Clove oil is 60 to 90 percent eugenol, which is the source of its anesthetic and antiseptic properties.

Growth: Clove trees are originally from Indonesia. The dried flower buds, clove, are extensively used as spice.

Infusion: Use 1 teaspoon of powdered herb per cup of boiling water. Steep 10 to 20 minutes. Drink up to 3 cups a day.




                                     Coltsfoot: Coughwort, dovedock, horsehoof                            

                                                (Tussilago farfara) Dried flowers and leaves.


Medicinal Uses: The plant received the Latin name of Tussilage because
the word meant, “cough dispeller,” one of the usages of the plant.                                                                                        Used to treat respiratory problems, and is soothing to the stomach and
intestines. Combine with horehound, ginger, and licorice root for a
soothing cough syrup.                                                                                                                        

A leaf and flower tea is a demulcent and expectorant for sore throats, coughs,
asthma, bronchitis, and lung congestion. Warm infusions of the leaves sooth irritated mucus membrane tissues, helps bring up phlegm, and relieve spasmodic types of coughs. Coltsfoot may be used in chronic or acute bronchitis, irritating coughs, whooping coughs. Coltsfoot a role in most respiratory conditions, including the chronic states of emphysema.                              
The leaves can be used externally in poultices on the chest that relieve fevers and pulmonary blockages, on swellings and skin irritations to draw out inflammation and irritating substances, and for bruised or sore feet.             

Native Americans smoke dried leaves to open up bronchial congestions, coughs, and asthma. The smoke of the herb is believed to impede the impulse of fibers of parasympathetic nerves and act as an antihistamine and anticholinergic.  The fresh bruised leaves can be applied to boils, abscesses and suppurating ulcers.

Coltsfoot contains traces of liver-affecting pyrrolizidine alkaloids. It can be potentially toxic in large doses.

Magickal uses: Coltsfoot is added to love sachets and is used in spells of peace and tranquility. It is smoked as part of a shamanic vision quest. Coltsfoot is feminine and ruled by the planet Venus. Its associated element is Water.

Properties: antihistamine, antitussive, bactericide, collyrium, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, pectoral, spasmolytic, styptic, sudorific, and tonic. Contains flanonoids; rutin, hyperoside and isoquercetin, mucilage, consisting of polysaccharides based on glucose, galactose, fructose, arabinose and xylose; and inulin, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, including senkirkine and tussilagine and tannin.

Growth: Coltsfoot is a perennial that prefers damp, clay soils. It grows 5 to 18 inches high, and likes full to partial sun. It is a perennial that grows to the height of 4 - 8 inches. The yellow flowers appear before the leaves in early March and consist of a disk of numerous long, narrow, petal-like ray flowers. The flowers are 1inch wide and closely resemble a dandelion, of which they are commonly mistaken for. The flowers appear on the ends of 1/8 inch thick stems that are grayish-green, wooly, and covered with reddish-purple scaly bracts, giving them the appearance of asparagus stalks. Several stems arise from the same root crown, reaching a height of 2 - 6 inches when the flowers appear, and continue to 12 - 20 inches by the time seeds mature. As the flower head matures, it turns into a white ball with tufted seeds. The seeds are 1/8 inch long, cylindrical, and yellow or reddish-brown.

Infusion: pour a cup of boiling water onto l-2 teaspoonfuls of the dried flowers of leaves and let infuse for 10 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day, as hot as possible.

Tincture: take 2-4 ml of the tincture three times a day.

Combinations: In the treatment of coughs it may be used with White Horehound, Mullein or Elecampane.




                                                       Columbine Leaves:                      

                                                        (Aquilegia Vulgaris) (Aquilegia canadensis)                                                                                                                       

A decoction of the root helps stop diarrhea. The flowers taken with wine promote
perspiration, and the seeds with wine are said to speed the delivery of a child, opens
obstructions of the liver, good for jaundice, relieve kidney stones.  Leaves are
sometimes used in lotions to soothe sores in the mouth and throat. A lotion made from
the fresh root is rubbed on the affected area to relieve rheumatic aches and pains.
Native Americans used minute amounts of crushed seeds for headaches, love charms,
and fevers. Seeds rubbed into the hair to control lice. Root chewed or weak tea for
diarrhea, stomach troubles, diuretic. Root tea for uterine bleeding.

Magickal uses: Good for any magickal healing. Worn or carried, it ensures safety
during travel. The root is used in money spells. Pulverize the seeds and rub onto the hands and body as a perfume to attract love. This may be done by both sexes. This herb is feminine and is ruled by Venus. Its element is Water.

Properties: Astringent, diuretic, diaphoretic, anodyne

Growth: Columbine is a perennial, herbaceous plant; its prominently branching stem is sparsely hairy and grows from 1 to 2 1/2 feet high. Both the basal and lower stem leaves are shaggy-haired underneath and biternate, with the leaflets or ultimate segments broadly wedge-shaped. The nodding blue, purple, or white flowers grow at the ends of the branches during the summer. Their 5 petals have characteristic nectar-containing, backward-projecting spurs about 3/4 inch long. Bloom in May. Originally came from Europe to be naturalized in the eastern United States. In moist, rich woods, wet, shaded rocky outcrops. Southern Canada southward.

Infusion: steep 1 tsp. plant parts in 1 cup water. Take 1 tbsp., 3 - 6 times a day.

Tincture: a dose is from 5 - 10 drops.



Comfrey:            



(Symphytum officinale) Root and rhizome, leaf.





Medicinal Uses: Aids in healing respiratory ailments, anemia, arthritis, fractures,

mucous membranes, lungs & wounds; it is soothing to the gastrointestinal tract; aids

in cell proliferation; helps the pancreas in regulating blood sugar level; helps promote

the secretion of pepsin & is a general aid to digestion.                                                               

Comfrey leaves and roots contain allantoin, a cell multiplication agent that increases

the healing of wounds.

The addition of much demulcent mucilage makes Comfrey a powerful healing agent in

gastric and duodenal ulcers, hiatus hernia and ulcerative colitis. Its astringency will

help hemorrhages wherever they occur.                                        

Externally it is used

for rashes, wounds, inflammation and skin problems. Internally, comfrey has action

over the digestive tract helping to cure ulcers and colitis.                                                                                                        The root and leaves are mildly pain-relieving, astringent (mild), and have agents that are locally soothing and softening to the skin when applied locally, that induce the removal (coughing up) of mucous secretions from the lungs, that check bleeding, are cooling and lower body temperature, and that are used for healing wounds, fresh cuts, etc., usually as a poultice. It has been used with benefit in cases of bronchitis and irritable cough, where it will soothe and reduce irritation whilst helping expectoration. It is excellent in chronic varicose ulcers.



Excessive internal usage of comfrey should be avoided because it contains hepatotoxic  pyrrolidizine alkaloids. Avoid using comfrey on dirty or deep wounds. 



Magickal uses: Place in sachet or amulet for protection during travel. Use the root in money spells. This herb falls under the sign of Capricorn. It is associated with the element of Water and is ruled by the planet Saturn.



Properties: Digestive problems, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, astringent. Contains allantoin, Pyrrolizidine alkaloids, including echimidine, symphytine, lycopsamine, symlandine. The alkaloids are found in the fresh young leaves and in the root, but in two separate investigations were found to be absent in the dried herb.Phenolic acids; rosmarinic, chlorogenic, caffeic and lithospermic acids. And mucilage, about 29%, composed of a polysaccharide containing glucose & fructose, and choline, asparagine, volatile oil, tannins, steroidal saponins,  and triterpenes.



Growth: Comfrey is a perennial herb of the family Boraginaceae with a black, turnip like root and large, hairy broad leaves that bears small bell-shaped white, cream, purple or pink flowers. It is native to Europe, growing in damp, grassy places. Comfrey prefers well-drained soils and partial shade. It grows from Canada to Georgia, as far west as Missouri, in the wild. It is a perennial that grows to 3 feet high. It can be started from seed, but you will be more successful with cuttings. Once established, it will spread vigorously. Harvest leaves when the flowers bud, and roots in the autumn after the first frost.



Decoction: put 1-3 teaspoonfuls of the dried herb in a cup of water, bring to the boil and let simmer for l0-l5 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day.



Tincture: take 2-4 ml of the tincture three times a day.



Cold Extract Tea: Use 3 heaping tsp. fresh or dried rootstock with 1 cup water; let stand for 10 hours and strain. Bring the waked rootstock to a boil in 1/2 cup water, then strain. Mix this with the cold extract and drink a mouthful at a time over the course of the day.



Pulp: Stir fresh, chopped rootstock into a little hot water to form a thick mash. Spread on a linen cloth and apply. Renew every 2 to 4 hours.



Combinations: For gastric ulcers and inflammations it combines well with Marshmallow and Meadowsweet. For chest and bronchial troubles use it with Coltsfoot, White Horehound or Elecampane. For wound healing use with Calendula.















      Coneflower: Black-eyed Susan           



                                                                        (Echinacea pallida)  roots                                                                                                                                                      

Medicinal Uses: The plant is considered by herbal experts to be a blood purifier and

an aid in fighting infections. The root of purple coneflower is highly regarded as a

blood purifier and antibiotic, building up the immune system and conferring nonspecific

immunity to disease. It contains caffenic acid glycoside, which also facilitates wound

healing.        Purple coneflower is credited with being used medicinally more often by

American Indians in the plains states than any other plant . A solution of root juice

and water was sprinkled on hot coals during traditional "sweats" for purification

purposes.                                                                                                                                                                     Traditionally echinacea has been used for blood poisoning, fevers, carbuncles, acne,

eczema, boils, peritonitis, syphilis conditions, bites and stings of poisonous insects or

snakes, erysipelas, gangrenous conditions, diphtheria, tonsillitis, sores, infections and wounds. Echinacea enhances the body's immune system. It has been shown effective for treating conditions such as influenza, colds, upper respiratory tract infections, genital infections, and other infectious conditions.



If you are allergic to pollen or members of the aster family, such as ragweed, you may want to avoid Coneflower. And it is recommended that people with nonspecific immune response/diseases of the immune system should not be using Coneflower: this includes tuberculosis, multiple sclerosis and HIV infection.



Magickal uses: It is used as an offering to gain favor to ensure/strengthen spells.



Properties: Contains flavonoids, oils, polysaccharides, betaine, echinolone, inulin, humulene, polysaccharides, two phytosterols and fatty acids, oleic, cerotic, linolic and palmatic, caffeic acid, alkylamides and some other compounds.

Growth: Coneflower is a part of the aster family. It is narrow, with pale purple ray flowers curved toward the stem which are quite long. It grows to a height of 2 to 3 feet. It attracts butterflies and song birds. It is native to the prairies of the Western United States. It tolerates some shade and blooms in late spring and summer. Perennial.



Infusion: To 1 tbsp. dry herb add 1 cup boiling water, steep 20 min., drink in mouthful doses throughout the day, at the beginning of a cold or for general fatigue.







                                                



                             Coriander: Chinese parsley, cilantro



                                      (Coriandrum Sativum)  Seeds, leaves, oil                                                                                                                        

Coriander use has a medicinal plant has been reported since 1500 BCE.

It aids digestion, reduce flatulence and improves appetite. It helps relieving 

spasms within the gut and counters the effects of nervous tension.                                                                                    

Coriander is also chewed to sweeten the breath, especially after consumption

of  garlic. Coriander seeds are ground into a paste for application to skin and

mouth ulcers. It is applied externally as a lotion for rheumatic pain and painful

joints. It is used to treat diarrhea and colic, also cystitis, urticaria, rash, burns, sore throat, vomiting, indigestion, allergies, hay fever. A good stomach tonic and very strengthening to the heart. Will stop gripping caused by laxatives and expel wind from the bowels. At one time it was considered to have aphrodisiac effects. The essential oil of coriander stimulates the secretion of gastric juices and is a carminative and spasmolytic; in vitro it has antibacterial and antifungal effects.



Magickal uses: Place seven grains in a mortar and pestle and grind them. Add to wine and share with a lover to stay together. Carry the seeds in a bag to prevent disease and migraines. It is also used in love sachets and spells. It is an excellent herb to add to an elixir when the Great Rite is celebrated. Powdered seed added to warm wine make an effective lust potion, or bake into cakes or bread. Put some in your wedding cake, or use it to throw at the bride and groom. Wear the seeds for healing, especially for headaches. To cause an unborn child to be ingenious, have the expectant mother eat the seeds. Coriander is associated with the element of Fire. It is masculine and ruled by the planet Mars.



Properties: Digestive, antispasmodic, anti-rheumatic, alterative, antispasmodic, appetizer, aromatic, carminative, stomachic, pungent, cordial, diuretic, diaphoretic, stimulant. Contains D-(+)-linalool (coriandrol), including among others borneol, p-cymene, camphor, geraniol, limonene, alpha-pinenes, the unusual smell is caused by the trans-tridec-2-enale content. Also fatty acids such as petroselic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid, and hydroxycoumarins: including umbelliferone and scopoletine.



Growth: Coriander needs full sun and plenty of moisture, and the soil should be deep, well-drained, moderately rich with a pH between 6 and 8. Coriander (Cilantro) is a hardy annual with small white or pale mauve flowers. Coriander is a native of the Mediterranean but can be grown from seed. Having a few cilantro plants flowering around the garden provides an excellent defense against aphids.



Infusion: Steep 2 tsp. Dried seeds in 1 cup water. Take 1 cup a day.



Powder: Take 1/4 to 1/2 tsp. at a time.











Cornflower: Bachelor's-button        



(Centaurea cyanus)





Medicinal Uses: Cornflower's medicinal properties were first mentioned in the 12th century writings of Hildegard of Bingen. The Latin name refers to a mythical centaur that the ancient Greeks worshiped as the father of medicine.          Juices from the stems of this plant are used externally to treat wounds and cuts. To use for cuts and scrapes, simply rub the cut end of a Cornflower stem on the affected area.                                                                                                  For use as an eyewash, prepare as you would a tea then soak a washcloth and use as an eye compress.                      For facial skin eruptions, acne,  or other  irritations, the leaves and flowers can be used as a steam facial - boil the leaves and flowers, then cover the head with a towel and sit over the steaming container.  After 15 minutes or so, rinse the face with cool water.                                                                                                                                               

The seeds have been used as a mild laxative for children. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat rheumatic complaints.



Magickal uses: Cornflower is used to promote and enhance phsychic sight, as well as normal eyesight. Extract juice from the petals to make blue ink. Mix juice with alum-water for water color painting. Linen dye (non permanent). Sprinkle around the home to prevent arguments.



Properties: bitter, stimulant, laxative, anti-rheumatic. Contains flavonoids, sesquiterpene lactones (including cnicin), acetylenes, and coumarins. Cnicin is slightly antibiotic.



Growth: Cornflower is adaptable to many soils and conditions. Cornflower is an annual herb, with an erect, wiry, downy stem that grows 1-2 feet high and is branching. At the ends of the branches grow solitary, thistle like, brilliant blue flower heads. Long grayish-green leaves are alternate, lance-shaped, and downy like the stem.







Cowslip: Fairy Cup, Freya's Key, Mayflower                                                  



                                                       (Primula Veris)                                                                                                                                                                

The Cowslip take its name from the Anglo-Saxon cu-sloppe, a reminder of the days                                                        when they bloomed in meadows among dairy herds. It is also speculated that the name                                                   resulted because the scent of the flowers has a unique milky aroma like that of a                                                            cow’s breath or that of a new baby.                                                                                                                                        The flowers (only the yellow part, not the green part) are made into a tea drunk as a

remedy for headaches, dizziness, chills, head colds, cramps, nerve pain, falling

sickness, palsy, and convulsions, as well as nightmares, frenzies, false apparitions.                                                              Combined with hops and passionflower, the flowers make a good sleepy time tea. Tinctured flowers are taken for insomnia and anxiety. The flower essence is comforting and lifts emotions when one is feeling vulnerable.                    The flowers are sometimes incorporated into night creams because of their helpfulness in rejuvenating skin, which is probably why cowslip is thought to preserve youth if carried about or worn. The flowers are made into an ointment for sunburn, wrinkles, and pimples.                                                                                                                                   

Leaves are applied as a poultice to wounds.  The dried root is decocted and drunk as an expectorant for bronchitis and arthritis (it contains salicylic acid) and compresses soaked in the decoction are used for arthritis pain. The decocted root is also anti-spasmodic.



Don't use cowslip when you are pregnant, as it can stimulate the uterus. Avoid the root if sensitive to aspirin. Do not take if on blood-thinning or anticoagulant drugs.



Magickal uses: Cowslip is sacred to Freya. It is a feminine herb that is ruled by Venus. Its associated element is Water. Cowslip is also associated with Beltane. In Ireland on Beltane eve farmers would crush cowslip leaves and put the juice on their cows' udders to protect them throughout the year and to ensure that the cows' milk production would not be stolen by supernatural means.  It is used to attain wealth and to maintain health. The way that the flowers grow are thought to look like a bunch of keys hanging down, hence this plant is sometimes connected with unlocking secrets or finding hidden things. Cowslip is strewn at the entrance of houses to keep fairies out. Hidden beneath the front porch it will discourage visitors.



Properties: The flowers are astringent, calming, promote sweating and sedating nervine. The roots are antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, and stimulating expectorant. The flowers contain volatile oil, glycosides, bitters and flavonoids. The roots contain saponins, glycosides, salicylates, volatile oil, tannin, flavonoids, sugars and silicic acid.



Growth: Cowslip prefers fields and pastures with chalky soil. It is rarely seen in the wild anywhere in the world anymore and should not be picked if one is found. It is a hairy perennial, growing to about four inches in height, producing a basal rosette of slightly rough oblong leaves. The stems of the cowslip bear clusters of bright yellow bell-shaped flowers with reddish centers of each petal. The flowers of the primrose vary slightly in that they are paler yellow with golden centers at the bottom of each petal. The flowers are harvested in the spring, while the roots are gathered in the fall from established plants.



Cowslip Wine



To 5 quarts of water add 2 lbs of sugar and make a syrup. While still hot, pour syrup over a quart of cowslips (just the yellow flower part). Let stand for 24 hours. Strain and add 2 tbsp of yeast spread on a piece of toast. Leave standing for 10 days, stirring at least once every day for the first 4 days. Cover the crock with a piece of muslin tied down while the wine is working. When the 10 days are up, strain and bottle. Please note that wines that do not use wine yeast, as this recipe, tend to be cloudy. If you want a clear wine, use a champagne yeast and make like any fruit or herb wine                   







                                                      Cramp Bark: Guelder rose                                                                                       



                                                      (Viburnum opulus) Dried bark





                                                Medicinal Uses: Herbal remedies are only prepared from the bark. Cramp Bark is one                                                      of the best female regulators in the herb world. It is a uterine sedative, aiding in                                                                  menstrual cramps and afterbirth. It helps to prevent miscarriage, as well as internal                                                            hemorrhaging. It is used for stopping excessive blood loss and to control uterine or                                                             ovarian muscle pain. It is also used as a sedative for nervous conditions and an                                                                   antispasmodic in the treatment of asthma.

                                                Crampbark is effective at relieving any over tense muscle, whether smooth muscle in the intestines, airways, or uterus, or striated muscle (attached to the skeleton) in the limbs or back. Crampbark may be taken internally or applied topically to relieve muscle tension. The herb also treats symptoms arising from excess muscle tension, including

breathing difficulties in asthma, and menstrual pain caused by excessive contraction of the uterus.                                Cramp bark is also used in treatments for high blood pressure and other circulatory conditions.                        Combinations : For the relief of cramp cramp bark may be combined with Prickly Ash and Wild Yam. For uterine and ovarian pains or threatened miscarriage it may be used with Black Haw and Valerian.



Magickal uses: Used in protection amulets and spells.



Properties: antispasmodic, sedative, astringent, nerve tonic. Contains hydroquinones; arbutin, methylarbutin and traces of free hydroquinone, coumarins such as scopoletin and scopoline, tannins and resin.



Growth: Crampbark is native to both North America and Europe. Crampbark grows in woodlands, hedges, and thickets in Europe and eastern North America. It has dark green leaves and clusters of deep red berries. It grows up to 10 feet high.



For internal use as a decoction, crampbark is taken when spasm is present, rather than on a continuous basis. To relieve cramp from period or other sources, 4 fl oz up to a maximum amount of six times daily. The tincture can be similarly used: take 50 drops up to six times in one day. For external relief of muscle spasm, add 40 drops of the tincture to 1 1/2 oz cream, e.g. comfrey, and mix well in. It is possible to add 40 drops of lobelia tincture, which will enhance the antispasmodic effect. Apply up to three times a day.







Cranberry: 



                                                       (Vaccinium macrocarpon)  Juice from the berries                                                      





The cranberry plant, a familiar source of berries used in juices and relishes in the United

States, has been in existence since the Iron Age. The Romans were the first who

recognized its medicinal uses by the local inhabitants of what is now England. These

healing effects, however, were not documented until 1578 by a herbalist named Henry Lyte.                                                              

Medicinal Uses: Native Americans used raw cranberries as a wound dressing. Cranberries

are used for gout, rheumatism, diarrhea, constipation, scurvy, fevers, skin infections and

such other skin problems as eczema.                    They are well known as a treatment for such "women's troubles" as cystitis and urinary and genital infections. Cranberry prevents E. coli, the most common cause of Urinary tract infections (UTIs) and recurrent UTIs, from adhering to the cells lining the wall of the bladder. This anti-adherence action renders the bacteria harmless in the urinary tract. Cranberries, contain compounds which acidify the urine and prevent kidney stones.



Magickal uses: Cranberry is used for uplifting spirits, and love spells.



Properties: Contains proanthocyanidins and anthocyanins, organic acids, including quinic, malic, and citric acid. Cranberries are rich sources of vitamins including vitamin A , carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin C . In addition, these fruits also contain many essential minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, sulfur, iron and iodide. Cranberries are also a good source of fiber.



Growth: A low-growing shrub of the heath family with leathery leaves and astringent red berries. It grows in bogs from Newfoundland to Manitoba south to Virginia, Ohio, and Illinois. The cranberry bush has upright branches with leaves that are speckled on the underside by small black dots. Pink flowers blossom and red-black fruits appear during June and July.



Crocus: Saffron                                    



                                                      (Crocus spp.)  Dried stigmas                                                                                                                                          
The name saffron comes from the Arabic zafaran (means yellow) - a sacred color chosen by Buddhist monks for their robes.                                                                                                                                                                              

This is the best emmenagogue known. It helps arthritics eliminate uric acid, which holds the calcium deposited in the joints. Also, reduces lactic acid build up.                                                                                                                             
It is used as a diaphoretic for children and for chronic hemorrhage of the uterus in adults. Crocus (saffron) is used in small doses, in fevers, melancholia, enlargement of the liver, and asthma. Saffron is also useful for treating anemia, chlorosis and seminal debility. It has been used, in small doses only, for coughs, whooping cough, stomach gas, gastrointestinal colic and insomnia.

Crocus contains a poison that can damage the kidneys and is fatal in large doses (more than 10 grams).

Magickal uses: Crocus is used for love spells and visions. In ancient Egypt, crocus and alum was burned in a censer to discover a thief.

Properties: antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, appetizer, balsamic, cardiotonic, carminative, emmenagogue, expectorant, gastrotonic, narcotic, nervine, sedative. Contains B vitamins, hydrochloric acid, vitamin B2

Growth: Crocus is a small perennial plant which is cultivated in many places, but particularly in France, Spain, Sicily, and Iran. In springtime, an onion-like corm produces basal, linear leaves which are surrounded as a group at the bottom by cylindrical sheaths. These gray-green leaves have hairy margins and grow to about 1 or1-1/2 feet feet long. About August or September, the corm produces a funnel-shaped, reddish-purple (sometimes lilac or white) flower.





Crowfoot: Buttercup, Meadow Buttercup

                     (Ranunculus Acris)


Medicinal Uses: The plant has been crushed and applied as a poultice to the chest to relieve colds and chest pains.
The fresh leaves have been used as a rubefacient in the treatment of rheumatism and painful joints.                        
The flowers and the leaves have been crushed and sniffed as a treatment for headaches.                                           
An infusion of the roots has been used in the treatment of diarrhea. The poulticed root is also rubefacient and was applied to boils and abscess.
The plant sap has been used to remove warts. The sap has also been used as a sedative. The juice of the leaves takes away warts, and bruised together with the roots will act as a caustic. In violent headaches where pain is confined to one part, a plaster made of them often affords instant relief, and they have been used in gout with great success.

Use with caution, the whole plant is extremely acrid and can cause intense pain and burning of the mouth, mucous membranes etc.

Magickal uses: Crowfoot is an herb of love. Crowfoot is associated with Hymen, a Greek god who is a companion of Eros, the god of love. Crowfoot may be used in all rituals and ceremonies associated with Handfastings and marriage; with customs associated with asking for another's hand; in rituals which make commitments and vows sacred and binding.

Properties: The whole plant is acrid, anodyne, antispasmodic, diaphoretic and rubefacient, warts.

Growth: The lower leaves are on long petioles (foot-stalks) and are comprised of numerous wide-spreading and deeply divided segments; the upper leaves are small, composed of few segments, simple in form and few in number. The root is perennial, though the plant itself dies down each autumn, and has many long, white fibers.
The petals of the flower are bright, shining yellow; the calyx is composed of five greenish-yellow spreading sepals. The centre of the flower, as in other Buttercups, is a clustering mass of stamens round the smooth, green immature seed-vessels, which develop into a round head of numerous small bodies called achene's.
The plant flower from May to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs).



Cumin:              



                                                                       (Cuminum cyminum)


Medicinal Uses: Cumin relieves flatulence and bloating, and stimulates digestion, relaxes the gut, useful for insomnia, colds and fevers.  Also stimulates milk flow.
Cumin is a general tonic to the whole digestive system.

Magickal uses: Cumin is used for Protection, Fidelity, and Exorcism spells. For protection, burn with frankincense and scatter on the floor, sometimes with salt, to drive evil out. Brides wear it to keep negativity away from the wedding. When carried it gives peace of mind. Use in love spells and when given to a lover it promotes fidelity. Steep in wine for a lust potion. Remember, if you plan to grow it yourself, you must curse while planting the seed to ensure a good crop.

Properties: Antibacterial; Antispasmodic; Aphrodisiac; Carminative; Galactogogue; Poultice; Stimulant; Stomachic

Growth: Annual growing to 0.3m by 0.2m . It is hardy to zone 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The scented flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil. Not known in a wild state.




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