Whispering Woods Herbal Grimoire

The following information is for reference only

Section G

Herb Descriptions: Galangal Root, Garlic, Geranium, Ginger, Gingko, Ginseng, Goats Rue, Golden Rod, Golden Seal, Gotu cola, Grape    

Galangal Root: China Root, India Root         

(Alpina officinalis or A. galanga) Root                                                                                                                                

They have no well-defined medicinal use, although they have been advocated for many of the disorders that are treated with ginger. In Germany, herbalists use lesser galangal for dyspepsia biliary symptoms, bowel spasm and angina.
In the Philippines the root is mixed with oils and applied as a poultice to bring boils to a head.

Aleister Crowley uses galangal in his formula for the incense of Abremelin.

Magickal uses: Carry to court to help win your case. Carry or place in holy water to bring good luck.  Wrap money around the root and it will multiply. When worn or carried it offers protection, good luck and increases psychic abilities. If placed in a sachet of leather and silver, it draws money. Burn the powdered herb to break spells and curses. Ginger may be substituted when galangal is call for. Used in voodoo charms.

Properties: aromatic, stimulant

Growth: Its origin is Southeast Asia. Its rhizome (root) resembles ginger in appearance and in taste.



(Allium sativum)

Medicinal Uses: Garlic has powerful properties, and is of great benefit against changes of
water and of residence," wrote Pliny the Elder, the first century Roman naturalist (23-79 CE).
He recommended garlic as an antidote for the poisonous bites of shrews and snakes, as well
as poisoning from aconite and henbane. Like the ancient Chinese, he noted its use in the
treatment of asthma, as a cough suppressant, and to expel intestinal parasites. Pliny regarded
the freshly crushed seeds of coriander, mixed with garlic in neat wine, as an aphrodisiac.
But there was a down side. According to Pliny, excessive use of garlic may dull the sight, causing flatulence, injure the stomach, and cause thirst.    
Garlic is a powerful natural antibiotic. It protects from infection, detoxifies the body, promotes sweating, strengthens blood vessels. It can stimulate cell growth and activity.  It reduces blood pressure in hypertensive conditions.                  A main advantage to using garlic for its antibiotic properties is that it does not destroy the body's natural flora. It counters many infections, including those of the nose, throat and chest.  It is excellent for use in all colds and infections of the body.                                                                                                     
It aids in treatment of arteriosclerosis, hemorrhoids, impotence, hysteria, edema, asthma, arthritis, good against all venom, spider bites, and poisons, tuberculosis, circulatory problems, bronchitis, fever, flu, toothache, headache, earache, digestive problems, constipation, genito-urinary diseases, heart disorders, reduces cholesterol if eaten raw, insomnia, liver disease, jaundice, sinusitis, dysentery, diarrhea, diabetes, gastritis, rheumatism, ulcers, and yeast infections.                                                                                             
When ingesting the raw cloves, a sprig of parsley chewed immediately after will freshen the breath. Garlic is also known to reduce cholesterol, helps circulatory disorders, such as high blood pressure, and lower blood sugar levels, making it useful in cases of late-onset diabetes.

Magickal uses: Garlic is sacred to Hecate so it was eaten on her festival days and left at crossroads as a sacrificial offering to her. An herb of Mercury and Mars.
Peeled garlic cloves placed in each room is said to ward off disease. It is hung in new homes to dispel negativity and evil, and to ward off vampires. It is a strong protective herb. Place a clove under the pillow of sleeping children to protect them. When worn it has been used to guard against the plague and other diseases by absorption. Rub fresh peeled cloves onto the afflicted part of the body, and then throw into running water. A spell to protect against hepatitis is to wear thirteen cloves at the end of a cord around the neck for thirteen days. Then in the middle of the night, on the thirteenth night, go to the intersection of two streets and throw the necklace behind you and run home. Do not look behind you. Brides once carried garlic on their wedding day to keep evil away and bring good luck. Sailors in the middle ages wore garlic as protection against shipwreck. Mountaineers wear it to guard against bad weather (and monsters). Roman soldiers ate it for courage. Biting into garlic to dispel evil spirits. When eaten it may act as a lust inducer. Placed beneath a child’s pillow it will protect them while asleep. Rub it on pots and pans before cooking to remove negative vibrations

Properties: Antibiotic, expectorant, diaphoretic, cholagogue, digestive, hypotensive, antispasmodic, expels worms, chemopreventive, lowers cholesterol, febrifuge, antibiotic, antiseptic, stimulant.

When garlic is cut or crushed, it produces sulfur compounds, such as allicin, because a sulfur containing amino acid, alliin, comes into contact with the enzyme allinase. Garlic has an extremely complex chemistry, with more than 160 compounds identified from its bulbs and essential oil. It contains unsaturated aldehydes, allicin, allyl disulfides, calcium, copper, germanium, iron, magnesium, manganese, volatile oils, phosphorus, phytoncides, potassium, selenium, sulfur, vitamins A, B1, B2, and C, and zinc.

Growth: Garlic is a perennial herb that likes moderate soil and lots of sun and warmth. The plant grows to 2 feet tall. The bulb is the most common used portion, although the greens are often used in salads. It is a perennial plant; the bulb is compound, consisting of individual bulbs, or cloves, enclosed together in a white skin. The stem is simple, smooth, and round and is surrounded at the bottom by tubular leaf sheaths from which grow the long, flat linear leaves. The leafless stem is topped by a rounded umbel of small, white, usually sterile flowers, among which grow 20 - 30 small bulbils. The entire umbel is at first enclosed in a teardrop-shaped leaf (pointing upward) which eventually falls off.



                 (Geranium maculatum)  The rhizome

The name Geranium comes from the Greek word "geranos" which means crane. It refers to the long skinny seed pod that looks like a crane's beak.                                                                                                                               

Medicinal Uses:Generally used as an astringent. Also makes a good choice for herbal facials and baths.  Make a bath by putting leaves and flowers in a mesh bag (or something similar) and hang under the tap water.  Make a Tea and then leave unsweetened for steam facials and to wash the face. Use with caution if you have sensitive skin, as in some people the essential oil causes mild rash.  The tea is thought to be useful for treatment of stomach ulcers, and that steeping the leaves in vinegar, then applying to scalp and forehead will ease headache symptoms. American Cranesbill is an effective astringent used in diarrhea, dysentery and hemorrhoids. When bleeding accompanies duodenal or gastric ulceration, this remedy is used in combination with other relevant herbs. It may be used where excessive blood loss during menstruation (menorrhagia) or a uterine hemorrhage (metrorrhagia) occur. As a douche it can be used in leucorrhoea.                                                                                                                                                                      
In peptic ulcers it may be used with Meadowsweet, Comfrey, Marshmallow or Agrimony. In leucorrhoea it can be combined with Beth Root.

Magickal uses:  All types are protective when grown in the garden or brought into the home freshly cut and placed in water. It is said that a plot planted near a witch’s cottage would tell of coming visitors by their movement. Being magically charged, they would point in the direction of the visitors.

Red: Protective and strengthen health. "Curanderos" in Mexico cleanse and heal patients by brushing with red geraniums, fresh rue and pepper tree branches.                                                                                                          
Pink: Love spells.
White: Fertility.
Rose: Use in protection sachets and rub on doorknobs and windows for protection.

Properties: astringent, anti-hemorrhoid, irritable bowel relief, styptic. Contains tannins including Gallic acid, with the level being highest just before flowering.

Growth: The geranium is a favorite outdoor-indoor plant. It belongs to the genus Pelargonium which means “stork” in Latin. This plant has a long, slender fruit capsule that resembles a stork’s bill. There are over 200 Pelargonium species and many well-known hybrids. Most species originated in South Africa. The common garden geranium is Pelargonium hortorum. After flowering, the plant produces a long narrow seed pad that resembles a crane's bill.

Decoction: Put 1-2 teaspoonfuls of the rhizome in a cup of cold water and bring to boiling. Let simmer for 10-15 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day.

Tincture: take 2-4 ml of the tincture three times a day.


(Zingiber officinalis) Rhizome (root)

Ginger was recorded as a subject of a Roman tax in the second century after being imported via the Red Sea to Alexandria.                                      

Medicinal Uses: The root is warming to the body, is slightly antiseptic, and promotes internal secretions. Chop about two inches of the fresh root, cover with one cup of water, and simmer for about twenty minutes, or one-half teaspoon of the powdered root can be simmered in one cup of water. Add lemon juice, honey, and a slight pinch of cayenne. A few teaspoons of brandy will make an even more effective remedy for colds. This preparation treats fevers, chest colds, and flu.                                                                                                   
A bath or a foot soak in hot ginger tea is also beneficial. The tea without additives helps indigestion, colic, diarrhea, and alcoholic gastritis. Dried ginger in capsules or in juice is taken to avoid carsickness and seasickness. Use about one-half teaspoon of the powder. It works well for dogs and children. Dry ginger is a stimulant and expectorant; fresh ginger is a diaphoretic, better for colds, cough, and vomiting.

Magickal uses: When ginger is eaten before performing spells it will increase your power. Since ginger is a spicy and “hot” herb, it is most effective in love spells. Plant the root to attract money or sprinkle powdered root into pockets or on money for prosperity. Ginger also ensures success. The Dobu tribe of the Pacific Islanders use ginger in much of their magick. By first chewing it, they then spit it at the “seat” of an illness, or at an oncoming storm to stop it while still at sea.

Properties: Antispasmodic, anti-emetic, analgesic, antiseptic, appetizer, aromatic, carminative, condiment, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge, pungent, sialagogue, stimulant Topically: increases blood flow to an area.            Contains bisabolene, borneal, borneol, camphene, choline, cineole, citral, ginerol, inositol, volatile oils, PABA, phellandrene, phenols, alkaloids, mucilage, acrid resin, sequiterpene, vitamins B3, B5, zingerone, and zingiberene.

Growth: The ginger plant is an erect herb with scaly underground stems that branch in a finger-like fashion and is known as "hands." The stem reaches a height of about of 3-4 feet, the leaves growing 6-12 inches long. The sterile flowers are white with purple streaks and grow in spikes. The stem is surrounded by the sheathing bases of the leaves. The flowers are yellowish with purple lips. It is indigenous to tropical Asia and cultivated in other tropical areas, especially Jamaica.

Gingko: Maidenhair Tree                                    

(Gingko biloba) Leaves

The name "Gingko" comes from the Chinese, meaning  "silver fruit" or "white nuts."                                                                         
Medicinal Uses: Gingko Biloba is used to treat memory loss and difficulties, and is used to treat head injuries. It is also used to treat tinnitus, circulatory problems, strengthening the cardiac system, impotence, asthma, allergies that affect breathing, and Alzheimer's disease, in its early stages. Its properties enable the opening of the smaller veins, helping to improve circulation to all organs and especially the heart.                                                                     
Ginkgo biloba expels mucus from bronchioles and lungs, stops wheezing, inhibits cough, stops leucorrhea, regulates urination, stops spermatorrhea. The ripe fruit, having been macerated in sesame oil for 100 days, has been successfully used in China for the treatment of tuberculosis. The 24 to 1 extract of the leaf is now a popular herbal product for a wide variety of vascular problems especially increasing vascular circulation to the brain for the treatment of dementia and possibly Alzheimer's disease.                                                                                                  
It improves memory loss, brain function, cerebral and peripheral circulation, oxygenation, and blood flow. Relieves signs of senility, phlebitis, depression. Good for vertigo and tinnitus, asthma, Alzheimer's disease, allergies, coughs, colds, flu, inflammations, hemorrhoids, positive effect on the vascular system, increases blood flow to the brain and lower extremities, heart and kidney disorders, and glucose utilization.

Magickal uses:  Gingko is held or carried to help improve the memory. A mild tea prior to bedtime will help to remember dreams during sleep.

Properties: Seeds: astringent, expectorant, sedative, antitussive, anti-fungal, antibacterial. Leaves: relax blood vessels, circulatory stimulant. Contains ginkgolides and heterosides, volatile oil tannins, and resin.

Growth: The Gingko Biloba tree is a remnant of prehistoric times. It grows 50 to 70 feet tall. It prefers temperate areas with moist soils, and needs full sun and high humidity. The tree has attractive, fan shaped foliage and can grow to about 35 feet in twenty years. It is dioecious, meaning there are male and female plants. The female plant produces a bad smelling fruit, which contains a delicious nut that is a gourmet treat in China. The seeds are yellow. Native to China and Japan and closely related to conifers. Cultivated in the United States.


(Panax quinquefolia(American ginseng),
(Eleutherococcus senticosus (Siberian ginseng), Panax spp. Root

Medicinal Uses: Ginseng stimulates the body to overcome all forms of illness, physical and mental. It is used to lower blood pressure, increase endurance, aid in relieving depression, and is a sexual stimulant. The dried root is used for healing purposes. It has been used throughout ancient times to the present day for use in conjunction with most herbs in treating all sorts of illnesses, including cancers, digestive troubles, and memory. It is used to tone the body during stress and to overcome fatigue. During menopause it aids in rejuvenating the system and balances hormones, as well as aids in regulating hot flashes.                                                                                                            
The root is considered demulcent, mild stimulant, tonic. Research suggests it may increase mental efficiency and physical performance, aid in adapting to high or low temperatures and stress when taken over an extended period. Ginseng's effect is called "adapatogenic", tending to return the body to normal.                                                     Promotes appetite, helps dyspepsia, rheumatism, headache, lumbago, sciatica, debility, colds, coughs, bronchitis, symptoms of menopause, constipation, lung troubles, cystitis.                                                                                       Native Americans in some areas used a decoction of ginseng root to relieve nausea and vomiting. Several tribes used it as an ingredient in love potions and charms. May inhibit the growth of cancerous tumors.

Magickal uses:  It will also ensure sexual potency. Ginseng is an effecitve substitute for mandrake in all spells. Carry ginseng to attract love, guard your health, draw prosperity, ensure sexual potency, and bring beauty. It is burned to ward off evil and to break hexes. The tea is an aphrodisiac. Use a root to grant your wish by either holding it in your hands and visualizing your desire or by carving your wish onto it and then throw the root into running water.

Properties: Demulcent, tonic, alterative, stimulant, carminative, stomachic, nervine, aphrodisiac. Contains arabinose, calcium, camphor, gineosides, iron, mucilage, panaxosides, resin, saponin, starch, and vitamins A, B12, and E.

Growth: Ginseng can be very difficult to grow. Germination of disinfected seeds (to kill mold, which plagues ginseng at all stages of growth) can take up to a year or more. Plant in early autumn in raised beds of very humus-rich soil. Plants must be shaded at all times. Roots are not harvested until the plants are at least 6 years old. Take care during harvesting and drying not to break off any of the "arms" of the root. Dry for one month before use. Ginseng is a perennial, slow growing plant with a large spindle-shaped fleshy root and a smooth erect stem; 1-2 feet high. Root sometimes resembling human form, spindle-shaped or forked. At the top of the stem are 3 large leaves palmately divided into 4-5 (occasionally 3-7) sharp-toothed oblong-lance-shaped leaflets. In the leaf axil grows an umbel of yellow-green, scented, flowers. June to July. Fruits 2-seeded red berries follow the blossoms.

Dried ginseng can be chewed or it can be powdered and brewed into tea.

Goat's Rue:

(Galega officinalis) Dried aerial parts

In 1873 Gillet-Damitte, in a communication to the French Academy, stated that this plant when
given to cows would increase the secretion of milk from 35 to 50 per cent, since which time,
Cerisoli, Millbank and several French physicians have affirmed that Goat's Rue is a powerful

Medicinal Uses: Goat's Rue is of value for diabetics because it tends to lower blood pressure. It has been used in the past to treat poisonous bites, fever, and worms. Goat's Rue tea can be used to treat rheumatism, bladder problems and coughs. Goats Rue is useful for reducing blood sugar levels; thus in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. It is also an effective galactagogue, stimulating both the production and flow of milk, and has been shown to increase milk output by up to 50% in some cases. It may also stimulate the development of the mammary glands.

Magickal uses: Ruled by the planet Mercury and associated with the element of Air. It is used in healing rituals. Placing the leaves into your shoe cures and prevents rheumatism.

Properties: Diuretic, diaphoretic and a galactagogue, reduces blood sugar, diuretic. Contains galegine (isoamyleneguanidine), its 4-hydroxy derivative and peganine, flavonoids and saponins.

Growth: Bright green foliage and small pea-like mauve flowers, though the color of the flowers can vary from purple through to white. Flowers June to September.

Infusion: pour a cup of boiling water onto 1 teaspoonful of the dried leaves and let infuse for 10-15 minutes. This should be drunk twice a day.

Tincture: take 1-2ml of the tincture three times a day.

Golden Rod:                                  

(Solidago odora)  Dried aerial parts                                                   

Medicinal Uses: Golden Rod is a strong diuretic and it is often used for infections of
the urinary passages, bladder and kidney troubles and even stones in the bladder as
well as in arthritis. In its uses, Golden Rod is similar to Bearberry and is often mixed
together in making a remedy for urinary infection. It is also effective in colds and
especially problems with sinuses.     
A balsamic, vulnerary herb, most effectively used as a distilled water. In this form it is
also an excellent diuretic and few remedies exceed it where there is gravel, stone in
the reins and kidneys, or strangury. When small stones cause bloody or purulent urine,
its balsamic healing virtues co-operate with its diuretic quality so that the parts are cleansed and healed at the same time.
It is a sovereign wound-herb, inferior to none, both for inward and outward use. It is good to stay the immoderate flux of women's courses, the bloody flux, ruptures and mouth and throat ulcers. As a lotion it is used to wash the privy parts in venereal cases.
No preparation is better than a tea of the herb made from the young leaves, fresh or dried.                                       
An infusion of the leaves is taken as a treatment for excessive menstruation, arthritis and eczema. An aromatic herb, the warm infusion is also carminative and will remove feelings of nausea due to stomach disorder. The powder of the dried leaves can be applied to ulcers externally to stimulate healing. As a gargle, Golden Rod can be used as a gargle in laryngitis and pharyngitis. For upper respiratory catarrh, use Golden Rod with Eyebright, Elder, Echinacea, Poke Root and Wild Indigo.

Golden Rod should not be used over an extended period of time.

Magickal uses: Hold a goldenrod flower in your hand. The direction the head nods will be where you find a lost item or buried treasure. Wear it to see your future love, they will appear the next day. If it suddenly begins to grow near your door then unexpected good fortune will be yours. Use in money spells.

Properties: carminative, diuretic, wound-herb, anti-catarrhal, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, astringent, diaphoretic. Contains saponins based on polygalic acid, clerodane diterpenes, including solidagolactones I-VII and elongatolides C & E, phenolic glucosides, including leicarposide, flavonoids such as rutin and quercitin, acetylenes, cinnamates, hydroxybenzoates, polysaccharides, phenolic acids and tannins.

Growth: The top parts of the flowering herb should be gathered and dried immediately after gathering. A handsome perennial plant, Golden Rod is about two feet high with numerous small golden yellow flowers. It is generally found in woodland and heath land.
Golden Rod is in bloom usually from August to September.

Used to prepare more delicate part of plant. 3 cups of water to one ounce of dried herb or 11/2ounce of fresh herb: pour the freshly boiled water over herbs in a pot. Cover the pot and let the herbs steep for at least 10 minutes. Strain and serve. Can refrigerate for up to 24 hours.

Infusion: pour a cup of boiling water onto 2-3 teaspoonfuls of the dried herb and leave to infuse for 10-15 minutes. This should be drunk 3 times a day.

Tincture: take 2-4 ml 3 times a day.

Goldenseal: Ground Raspberry, Indian Paint, Jaundice Root         

(Hydrastis canadensis) dried root and rhizome

Benjamin Smith Barton's Essays Towards a Materia Medica of the United States (published in three parts from 1798 to 1804) is one of the first sources of information on goldenseal.                                                                                  

Medicinal Uses: Goldenseal is another natural, powerful antibiotic. The herb goes straight to the bloodstream and eliminates infection in the body. It enables the liver to recover. When taken in combination with other herbs, it will boost the properties for the accompanying herbs.                                                                                                                    This wonderful herb is well known as nature’s antibiotic, stopping infections and poisons in the body. It is very helpful in reducing swelling and stopping internal bleeding while healing mucus membrane and catarrhal conditions anywhere in the body. At the same time, Golden Seal will tone and sustain venous circulation. Golden Seal can stop a bleeding bladder infection overnight or within a few hours.
Goldenseal has proven to be the most effective herb for intestinal microbes and parasites. It appears to have a wide spectrum of antibiotic activity against pathogens, such as Chlamydia species, E. coli, Salmonella typhi, and Entomeba histolytica.                                                                                
Goldenseal is also used as a detoxifier and blood purifier, and is said to be beneficial for the liver. It helps with urinary tract infections, sinus problems, as well as promoting the healing of mouth ulcers and cold sores. Goldenseal is often recommended in combination with echinacea for the treatment of colds and flu. In combination with skullcap and red pepper it will relieve and strengthen the heart. A yellow dye is obtained from the root and the smashed root smeared on the body is said to repel insects.

High intake of goldenseal can lead to diarrhea, respiratory problems and irritation of the mucous membranes.

Pregnant women, people on anticoagulant medication or people with a heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes or glaucoma should not use it. People suffering from lupus or multiple sclerosis should also avoid goldenseal.

Magickal uses: Goldenseal is used in properity spells, as well as healing spells and rituals.

Properties: 5% of the root consists of the alkaloids hydrastine, berberine and canadine. It also contains albumin, b-complex vitamins, biotin, calcium, candine, chlorine, choline, chologenic acid, inositol, iron, lignin, manganese, PABA, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin A, C & E. It is antibiotic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory

Growth: Goldenseal prefers rich soils in partial shade. It is a perennial herb that grows 6 - 18 inches high. It is found mostly in shady deep woods and damp meadows. The stem and leaves are hairy and deep green. The large palmate leaves are serrate, with five to seven lobes, growing near the stem top in nearly alternate pairs. Blooming occurs from march to May, atop the stem appears a solitary, small, greenish-white flower which appears to be furry. The fruit is red and resembles a raspberry. The root is thick and knotted, bright yellow, and has long thin root hairs. Gather the roots in mid summer and early fall. The dried ground root is the part most often used, although the dried leaves are used in teas. It is difficult to grow successfully, and the plants need to be at least 6 years old before harvesting.

Gotu Kola:

(Centella asiatica) The entire plant

Medicinal Uses:Gotu kola has been important in the medicinal systems of central Asia
for centuries.                              
It was purported in Sri Lanka to prolong life, as the leaves are commonly eaten by
elephants. Numerous skin diseases, ranging from poorly healing wounds to leprosy, have
been treated with gotu kola.                                                              
Gotu Kola is and excellent mental stimulant. It is often used after mental breakdowns,
and used regularly, can prevent nervous breakdown, as it is a brain cell stimulant. It relieves mental fatigue and senility, and aids the body in defending itself against toxins.                                                                                                                       
Gotu kola also has a historical reputation for boosting mental activity and for helping a variety of illnesses, such as high blood pressure, rheumatism, fever, and nervous disorders. Some of its common applications in Ayurvedic medicine include heart disease, water retention, hoarseness, bronchitis, and coughs in children, and as a poultice for many skin conditions. It reduces scarring when applied during inflammatory period of the wound. It was found effective when applied on patients with third degree burns, when the treatment commenced immediately after the accident. Daily local application to the affected area, along with intramuscular injections, limited the shrinking of the skin as it healed. It prevented infection and inhibited scar formation.

Magickal uses: Gotu Kola is used in meditation incenses.

Properties: The primary active constituent is triterpenoid compounds. Saponins (also called triterpenoids) known as asiaticoside, madecassoside, and madasiatic acid are the primary active constituents. These saponins beneficially affect collagen (the material that makes up connective tissue), for example, inhibiting its production in hyperactive scar tissue. Also contains a green, strongly volatile oil composed of an unidentified terpene acetate, camphor, cineole, and other essential oils. Cintella oil also contains glycerides of fatty acids, various plant sterols such as campesterol, stigmasterol, and sitosterol, and various polyacetylene compounds.

Growth: Gotu Kola is a slender, creeping, ground hugging plant that grows in a widespread distribution in swampy areas of India, Sri Lanka, Magagascar, South Africa and Eastern Europe. In shallow water, the plant puts forth floating roots and the leaves rest on top of the water. In dry locations, it puts out numerous small roots and the leaves are small and thin. Typically, the constantly growing roots gives rise to reddish stolons. The leaves can reach a width of 1 inch and a length of 6 inches. Usually 3 to 6 red flowers arise in a sessile manner or on very short pedicels in auxiliary umbels. The fruit, formed throughout the growing season, is approximately 2 inches long with 7 to 9 ribs and a curved, strongly thickened pericarp.


                                                       (Vitex vinifera) Fruits and leaves                                                                                

Medicinal Uses: Treats blood and energy deficiency, night sweats, thirst, palpitations, rheumatic pains, difficult urination, edema, dry cough.                                                                                                       
Wild or cultivated whole grape leaves were put in the bottom of crocks to preserve the color of beans that were stored. Grape leaves also used to wrap fresh-made butter. Said to help preserve butter. Cultivated grape leaves considered best. Vitis labrusca (fox grape) was used by the Native Americans as leaf tea for diarrhea, hepatitis, stomachaches, thrush. Externally, the poulticed wilted leaves for sore breasts, rheumatism, headaches, fevers. Other Vitis species have been used similarly. Vines, when cut in the summer, yield potable water, possibly purer than today's acid-rain water.

Magickal uses: To increase fertility and increase mental powers eat grapes or raisins. Place on the altar during money spells.

Properties: Nutritive, diuretic. Contains Vitamins A, B, C, dextrose, fructose, pectin, tartaric and malic acids, mineral salts, tannin, flavones, glycosides and pigment, magnesium, potassium, iron, niacin, riboflavin, carbohydrates

Growth: Found in thickets, woods; southern Maine to Georgia; Tennessee to Michigan. Widely cultivated.

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