Whispering Woods Herbal Grimoire

Section E and F

Herb Descriptions: E - Echinacea, Elder, Elecampane, Elm, Eucalyptus, Evening Primrose, Eyebright                                                              F - Fennel, Fenugreek, Flax, Fleabane Daisy, Foxglove




                                                                                              Elder:                                                                                                                                 
                                    (Sambucus nigra) root, bark, young shoots, leaves, flowers, fruit








Medicinal Uses: Elder has a long history of use dating back to the 5th century BC. Hippocrates wrote about Elder.        Elder flowers, mixed with mint and yarrow blossoms, are excellent internal cleansers when fighting flu and colds. A tea of the elder flowers and sassafras is a remedy for acne. Elder flower oil is a remedy for chapped skin. Elder is used to cleanse the body, build the blood, treat inflammation, fever, and soothes the respiratory system. The flavonoids, including quercetin, are believed to account for the therapeutic effects of the elderberry flowers and berries. According to research, an extract from the leaves, combined with St. john's wort and soapwort, inhibits the influenza virus and herpes simplex virus. The juice is especially good as a tonic for the reproductive and glandular system, and elderberry blossoms, when dried, can be used as a kidney tea. When cooked, the berries are harmless.                                               The leaves can be used as an antiseptic poultice for external wounds, and as an insect repellant. The Greeks used a tea from the root as a laxative.

The leaves, bark, and roots of the American varieties generally contain poisonous alkaloids and should not be used internally. This herb should not be used internally by pregnant or lactating women. Elder can be toxic, especially if fresh, most notably the stems as they contain cyanide.

Magickal uses: The branches of the sacred elder are used to make magickal wands for ritual. Scattering the leaves in the four winds will bring protection. A person, place or thing may be blessed by scattering the leaves and berries to the four winds in the name of the subject to be blessed. Then scatter more leaves and berried over the named subject. Curses may be effected in the same manner. When worn it prevents all types of attacks. It keeps evil from the home when hung over the doors and windows. The berries drive away evil and negativity when carried. Grow it in your garden to protect from lightning and sorcery. Grown near the home it will bring prosperity. A fever may be dispelled by poking a twig into the ground while remaining in total silence. Since toothaches were one believed to be caused by evil spirits, it was also believed that chewing on a twig would rid you of it if you said; “Depart thou evil spirit.” To treat rheumatism, a twig is tied into three or four knots and carried in the pocket. Warts will disappear if they are rubbed with a green twig and then buried.                                                                      
Elderberry wine, made from the berries, is used in rituals. In Denmark, it is believed to be unlucky to have furniture made of elder wood. Grown near your home, elder will offer protection to the dwellers. It is used at weddings to bring good luck to the newlyweds. Flutes made formt he branches are used to bring forth spirits. Rub warts with a green elder stick then bury it. The root and old bark can be used as a black dye. The leaves give a green dye when mixed with alum. Before felling an elder recite the following, while kneeling:

"Lady Ellhorn, give me of thy wood,
And I will give thee of mine,
When I become a tree."

This will give the residing entity time to vacate. Especially among some Gypsies, sited as being dangerous, have long forbidden the use of the elder as firewood. However the wood has been used as wands for centuries.  Associated with the planet Venus and with MidSummer.

Properties: diaphoretic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory

Growth: Elder is a tree or shrub, growing to 30 feet tall. The fruit is 1/4 inch globular-shaped, purple-black in color.  It prefers moist areas throughout North America.

Liquid elderberry extract is taken in amounts of 5 ml (for children) to 10 ml (for adults) twice per day.

Tea is made from 3-5 grams of the dried flowers steeped in 250 ml (1 cup) boiling water for ten to fifteen minutes may also be drunk three times per day.

The bark and root bark must be used fresh.

Use 1 level tsp. Bark or root bark to 1/2 cup boiling water. Take no more than 1 cup a day, a mouthful at a time.




                                                  Elecampane: Velvet Dock, Horseheal                
 
                                                            (Inula helenium) Rhizome





Medicinal Uses: Elecampane is used for intestinal worms, water retention, and to lessen tooth decay and firm the gums. It gives relief to respiratory ailments. It is usually used in combination with other herbs. Elecampane is a specific for irritating bronchial coughs, especially in children. It may be used wherever there is copious catarrh formed e.g. in bronchitis or emphysema. It may be used in asthma and bronchitic asthma. Elecampane tea is much used to quiet coughing, to stimulate digestion and to tone the stomach; for bronchitis, urinary and respiratory tract inflammation, and menstrual problems. Elecampane oil is used for respiratory and intestinal catarrh, chronic diarrhea, chronic bronchitis, and whooping cough. The decoction or tincture is used for worms, and externally as a wash or fomentation for skin problems such as scabies and itches.

Elecampane has been used in the treatment of tuberculosis. The bitter principle makes it useful also to stimulate digestion and appetite.                                                                                                                                             

Externally it is used as a wash for wounds and itching rashes. It is burned to repel insects.                                        Elecampane combines well with White Horehound, Coltsfoot, Pleurisy Root, Lungwort and Yarrow for respiratory problems.

Magickal uses: Add this herb to love charms and amulets of all kinds. Used with mistletoe and vervain, it is especially powerful. Use when scrying for better results. Place leaves and flowers into a pink pouch to attract love or for protection. Burn as incense to increase visions when scrying. Scatter the root around the home to attract the Fae.

Properties: Expectorant, anti-tussive, diaphoretic, hepatic, anti-microbial. Contains volatile oil, containing sesquiterpene lactones, main lyalamtolactone ( helenalin or elecampane camphor), isoalantolactone and their dihydro derivatives, alantic acid and azulene. As well as Inulin and miscellaneous; sterols, resin etc.

Growth: Elecampane enjoys roadsides and damp fields and pastures. Plant it in full sun in a damp, but not soggy, location. It is a perennial that grows 3 - 6 feet tall. The fibrous, top-shaped rootstock is brown outside and white inside. The stout, round stem is coarse and woolly. It bears large, alternate, ovate, serrate, olive-colored leaves with white veins. The large, yellow flower heads are solitary or grow in paniculate clusters from July to September. The fruit is a brown, quadrangular achene.The root is most commonly used. It is indigenous to Europe and temperate Asia, naturalized in the USA, and cultivated widely in Europe and also China.







                                                        Elm, Slippery: Red elm; Sweet elm

                                                                                          (Ulmus fulva)



Medicinal uses: Slippery elm is used to relieve gastrointestinal conditions, ulcers, sore throats and respiratory irritations.                                                                                                           
External uses include treatment of skin conditions, vaginitis, and hemorrhoids.

It can be used as a cough medicine or as a skin softener. Slippery elm makes an excellent treatment for wounds. Soak the bark in water and apply it to wounds and as it dries it creates a natural bandage. To use as a poultice, clean the wound with soap and water, moisten the powdered bark with just enough water to make a paste and apply it to the wound and allow to dry. It also makes an excellent poultice for severe rheumatic problems and for gout and other joint problems. Place a pinch of dried Slippery Elm powder into a tooth where decay has started and it will reduce pain and delay further decaying.

Magickal uses: Place a small pinch of Slippery Elm in the corners of the room;  this protects the home and provides a barrior against negative energy. Carry some Slippery Elm in a pocket or mojo bag for protection from gossip and slander. Tie a knotted yellow thread around a piece of Slippery Elm and throw it into a fire and all gossip about you will end.

Properties: Slippery Elm is emollient, nutritive, laxative and demulcent. Its constituents are astringent tannins, calcium phosphate, mucilage and starch.

Growth: Elm trees are native to the Appalachian Mountains of eastern North America. Elm leaves are alternate, with simple, single or most commonly, doubly-serrate margins, usually asymmetric at the base and acuminate at the apex. The genus is hermaphroditic, having perfect flowers which, being wind-pollinated, are apetalous. The fruit is a round wind-dispersed samara. It can reach well over 50 feet in height and is topped by spreading branches that form an open crown. The red-brown or orange branches grow downward, and the stalkless flowers are arranged in dense clusters. The plant's leaves are long and green, darkening in color during the fall. The bark has deep fissures, a gummy texture, and a slight but distinct o






                                                                                 

                                                                               Eucalyptus:      
                             
                                                                     (Eucalyptus globulus) Leaves, oil



Medicinal Uses: Eucalyptus oil is a powerful antiseptic, and is used to treat pyorrhea (gum disease), and is used on burns to prevent infections. The oil breathed in will help clear the sinuses, as will the steam from boiling the leaves. The leaves and their preparations have been successfully used as a tonic and gently stimulating stomachic, in atonic dyspepsia, and in catarrh of the stomach and typhoid fever; also advised in mucous catarrhal affections generally; in
pseudo-membranous laryngitis, in asthma, with profuse secretion, and in chronic bronchitis, with or without emphysema, and in whooping-cough; it has likewise proved efficient in chronic catarrh of the bladder, where the urine is high-colored, contains an abnormal amount of mucus, or, perhaps, some purulent matter, and micturation is attended with much pain.

When mixed with water or vegetable oils, it makes a good insect repellant. A small drop on the tongue eases nausea. Externally applied, the oil gives relief in some forms of neuralgic and rheumatic pains. The oil is often combined with Thymus.

Magickal uses: Healing energies come from the leaves. A branch or wreath over the bed of a sick person will help spread the healing energies. The oil is added to healing baths, and for purifications. Stuff healing poppets and carry for good health. Ringing three green candles with the leaves and pods may relieve colds. Then burn the candles all the way to the socket while visualizing the inflicted person. For sore throats, wear a necklace made of the green pods, strung on green thread. Place pods beneath your pillow to protect against colds. Carry the leaves for protection.

Properties:Antiseptic, deodorant, expectorant, stimulant, anti-microbial, anti-spasmodic, febrifuge.                       Contains volatile oil, the major component of which is l,8-cineole (=eucalyptol), 70-85%; with terpineole, a-pinene, p-cymene and small amounts of sesquiterpenes such as ledol, aromadendrene and viridoflorol; aldehydes, ketones and alcohols. Polyphenolic acids; caffeic, ferulic, gallic, protocatechuic and others. And flavonoids including eucalyptin, hyperoside and rutin.

Growth: Eucalyptus reigns among the tallest trees in the world, capable of reaching heights of over 250 feet tall. It thrives only in areas where the average temperature remains above 60 degrees, and is adaptable to several soil conditions. The trunk is covered with peeling papery bark. The leaves on the young plant, up to 5 years old, are opposite, sessile, soft, oblong, pointed, and a hoary blue color. The mature leaves are alternate, petioled, leathery, and shaped like a scimitar. The flowers are solitary, axillary, and white, with no petals and a woody calyx. The fruit is a hard, four-celled, many-seeded capsule enclosed in the calyx cup.

Boil mature leaves In water and condense the vapor to recover the oil.

An infusion may be made with 1-2 teaspoonfuls of the leaves to a cup of boiling water. Let infuse for 10-15 minutes. The dose of tincture is 1 ml. three times a day.







                                                                              Evening Primrose:                 

                                                                               (Oenothera biennis)



Medicinal Uses: Evening Primrose oil stimulates to help with liver and spleen conditions. In Europe, it has been used to treat Multiple Sclerosis. It lowers blood pressure, and eases the pain of angina by opening up the blood vessels.
It has been found to help slow the production of cholesterol, and has been found to lower cholesterol levels.                     Used with Dong Quai and Vitex, it is a valuable part of an herbal remedy for treating the symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) and menstrual cramping.                                                                                                        

Evening primrose oil has been used as a dietary supplement to provide essential fatty acids, especially gammalinolenic acid (GLA). Other problems for which Evening Primrose Oil can be taken internally include asthma, allergies, cholesterol regulation, arteriosclerosis, chronic headaches, prostate health, inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and scleroderma, complications arising from diabetes and poor circulation, cirrhosis of the liver, and drunk as a tea as a metabolic way to fight obesity.                                              

Early settlers used the leaves to treat wounds and to soothe sore throats and upset stomach. Traditionally evening primrose had been used as a soothing remedy for coughs associated with colds.                                               

Externally, the leaves, stems,  and roots can be boiled in water for a tea to be used externally that is very nourishing for the skin  and is effective for use in treatment of acne, dry skin, rashes, itchiness, and for overall skin health in general.                                                                                                                                                                  

Native Americans in eastern North America used the whole plant as a poultice for bruises, a tea to treat obesity, and a decoction of the root to treat hemorrhoids. The roots of Evening Primrose can be dug and boiled to be eaten much like a potato.  The taste is somewhat like a turnip or parsnip, with a hint of pepper. Choose tender first-year roots, as the older and bigger roots may prove too tough.

Magickal uses: Carry some Evening primrose to ensure a good hunt.

Properties: Astringent, sedative, mucilaginous. Evening primrose oil contains gamma linolenic acid (GLA), a fatty acid that the body converts to a hormone-like substance called prostaglandin E1 (PGE1). PGE1 has anti-inflammatory properties and may also act as a blood thinner and blood vessel dilator.

Growth: It is native to eastern North America and widely naturalized in Europe and western North America. The American variety is found throughout North America. It enjoys dry soils and full sun. It is a biennial, and grows 3 - 6 feet tall. The flowers are yellow and open at dusk from June to October. The fruit is an oblong, hairy capsule. The stem is erect, stout, and soft-hairy, with alternate, rough-hairy, lanceolate, taper-pointed leaves about 3 to 6 inches long. Flowers June-October. The seed oil is the most commonly used portion of the plant.

Infusion: Use 1 tsp. of the plant with I cup of water. Take 1 cup a day, a mouthful at a time.

Tincture: Take 5 to 40 drops, as needed.









                                                                                            
                                                                                 Eyebright:       

                                                                                      (Euphrasia officinalis) Whole herb



Medicinal Uses: Eyebright stimulates the liver to remove toxins from the body. It has been used internally and externally to treat eye infections and afflictions, such as pink-eye. The herb strengthens the eye, and helps to repair damage. Eyebright was and continues to be used primarily as a poultice for the topical treatment of eye inflammations, including blepharitis, conjunctivitis, and sties. A compress made from a decoction of eyebright can give rapid relief from redness, swelling, and visual disturbances in acute and sub acute eye infections. A tea is usually given internally along with the topical treatment. It has also been used for the treatment of eye fatigue and disturbances of vision.

Magickal uses: Eyebright is used to make a simple tea to rub on the eyelids to induce and enhance clairvoyant visions. This must be done several times to achieve the desired effect.

Properties: Source of sulphur, anti - inflammatory, antibacterial. Eyebright is high in iridoid glycosides, flavonoids, and tannins. The plant has astringent properties that probably account for its usefulness as a topical treatment for inflammatory states and its ability to reduce mucous drainage.

Growth: Eyebright is adaptable to many soil types in full sun. It is a small annual, growing 2 - 8 inches high. It attaches itself by underground suckers to the roots of neighboring grass plants and takes its nutrients from them. To be cultivated, it must be given nurse plants on whose roots it can feed.









                                                        False Unicorn: Blazing Star, Devils Bit                      

                                                     (Chamaelirium luteum) Dried rhizome and root                                                                                                              

Medicinal Uses: False unicorn is used to treat  venereal disease, especially gonorrhea. A small piece of the root is cleaned, finely chopped and simmered in 3 cups boiling water for 20 minutes. After the liquid has sufficiently cooled, it is then strained and used both as a vaginal douche and wash to get rid of this infection.                                                       
False unicorn contains hormone-like saponins which partly account for its long tradition as an excellent ovarian and uterine tonic. False unicorn was used specifically for uterine weakness and over-relaxation, characterized by a dragging sensation, a feeling of downward pressure in the pelvis, often associated with irritability and depression. False unicorn has also been used to encourage fertility in women and treat impotence in men. False unicorn has an adaptogenic or balancing effect on sex hormones, helping to relieve many disorders of the reproductive tract, menstrual irregularities and premenstrual syndrome, which are related to hormonal imbalance. False unicorn improves the secretory responses and cyclical functions of the ovary and has been used in infertility caused by dysfunction in follicular formation in the ovary. False unicorn seems to have a "normalizing" effect on the female reproductive system, encouraging a regular menstrual cycle, and it is given to women with irregular or absent periods. False unicorn also encourages the ovaries to release their hormones at the right point in the month. It can take some months, however, for the herb to have a significant effect on the cycle. In addition, false unicorn is used to treat endometriosis, uterine infections, ovarian cysts, and menopausal symptoms. It is also indicated to prevent threatened miscarriage and ease vomiting associated with pregnancy. However, large doses will cause nausea and vomiting.The bitter principle has a tonic effect on the liver and digestive tract, which benefits appetite and digestion and helps to relieve nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. False unicorn root has also been used to prevent threatened miscarriage and to stop hemorrhage.

Magickal uses: Unicorn root is an herb of protection for baby and mother. It is worn as an amulet or carried in power bundles for this purpose.    

Properties: Uterine tonic, diuretic, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, emmenagogue.

Contains steroidal saponins (up to 9%) Glycosides (chamaelirin, helonin). Contains saponins; the glycosides chamaelirin and helonin, based on diosgenin.

Growth: Native to North America, false unicorn grows in low, moist, well-drained ground east of the Mississippi River. False unicorn is generally harvested from the wild and is rarely cultivated. False unicorn can, however, be propagated from seed that is sown in autumn. False unicorn flowers in early summer and the root is dug up in autumn.

Decoction: put 1 -  2 teaspoonfuls of the root in a cup of water, bring to the boil and simmer gently for 10 - 15 minutes.
This should be drunk three times a day. For threatened miscarriage it may be drunk copiously.

Tincture: take 2 -  4 ml of the tincture three times a day.







                                                                  

                                                                     Fennel:          

                                                               (Foeniculum vulgare) Seeds, berries, fruits, roots, and stems.                                                                                        

Medicinal Uses: Fennel is one of nine Anglo-Saxon herbs known for secret powers. In ancient days, a bunch of fennel hung over a cottage door on Midsummer's Eve was said to prevent the effects of witchcraft. Try nibbling on the herb's seeds, as Roman women did centuries ago, to help depress the appetite. Women in Roman times believed fennel prevented obesity.                                                                                                                                 
Fennel is considered one of the oldest medicinal plants and culinary herbs. It is fairly certain that fennel was in use over 4000 years ago. It is mentioned in the famous Ebers Papyrus, an ancient Egyptian collection of medical writings made around 1500 BC. There it is referred to principally as a remedy for flatulence. Later authors of herbals, such as Pliny (AD 23-79), also describe fennel primarily as an aid to digestion. In the Middle Ages, it was praised for coughs.   Fennel helps to take away the appetite. It is often used as a sedative for small children. It improves digestion, and is very helpful with coughs. It is also used for cancer patients after radiation and chemotherapy treatments.                  Enriches and increases the flow of milk for lactating women. To help with indigestion and gas, pour boiling water over crushed seeds (one teaspoon seed to a pint of water). The seeds are simmered in syrups for coughs, shortness of breath, and wheezing. Place fennel inside a fish when you cook it to make it more digestible. The leaves and seeds when boiled with barley increase breast milk. The seeds and root help clean the liver, spleen, gallbladder, and blood. The tea and broth of this herb are said to help in weight loss.                                                                                 

It is eaten in salads, soups, and breads. The oil mixed with honey can be taken for coughs, and the tea used as a gargle. The oil is eaten with honey to allay gas and it is applied externally to rheumatic swellings. The seeds are boiled to make an eye wash: use one-half teaspoon of seed per cup of water, three times a day, and be sure to strain carefully before use.  Powdered seeds repel fleas from pets’ sleeping areas.

Magickal uses: In several ancient civilizations fennel was used as an antidote for snakebite. The thyrsus, which were prominent in Dionysian ceremonies, was often made of giant fennel stalks with pine cones attached at the ends.

Use for scenting soaps and perfumes to ward off negativity and evil. Grow near the home for the same purpose. Hang it around the doors and windows at Midsummer to repel evil spirits. Carry the seeds to ward off evil and to influence others to trust your words. To prevent wood ticks from biting your legs, wear a piece in your left shoe. Use in purification and healing sachets and spells.

Properties: Stomachic, carminative (relieves gas), pectoral (relieves chest congestion and cough), diuretic, aromatic, antispasmodic, expectorant, mild expectorant, anti-inflammatory, stimulant. Contains anethole, calcium, camphene, cymene, chlorine, dipentene, fenchone, 7-hydrozycoumaarin, volatile oils, oleic acid, petroselinic acid, phellandrene, pinene, limonene, stigmasterol, sulfur, and vitamins A and C.

Growth: Fennel prefers dry, sunny areas. It is a perennial that can reach 4 - 6 feet high, and grows in most average to poor soils. A tall herb of the umbel family, with feathery leaves and yellow flowers. A stout, strongly scented perennial plant, with erect stems and blue-green leaves. The striated stems are solid when young, becoming hollow with age. The yellow flowers grow in compound, terminal umbels, each with 10-30 stalks. Aniseed-scented, egg-shaped fruits follow the flowers. Flowers appear July to October. Needs full sun; partial shade in warm climates. Zones 6-9. Found growing as a weed in waste places in much of the United States, in southeastern Canada and in southern British Columbia. Native to Mediterranean Europe where it is found growing wild.

Gather the root in the spring for medicinal purposes:

Infusion: steep 1 tbsp. freshly crushed seeds in 1 cup water for 5 minutes. Sweeten with honey to taste.

Decoction: boil 1/2 tsp. seed in water. Strain. Use as an eye-wash, 3 times per day.

Extract: mix 10 to 20 drops in water. Use warm water and 1 tsp. honey for a soothing drink daily.

Milk decoction: boil 1 tsp. seed in 1/2 cup milk for 5 to 10 minutes. Take for colic.

Tincture: take 10 to 30 drops in water, as required.

Fennel-honey: add 1 to 3 drops fennel oil to 1 tbsp. honey and mix. Take a teaspoon at a time. A natural cough remedy.











                                                                                
                                                                                  Fenugreek: Birds foot         

                                                                             (Trigonella foenum-graecum)



The botanical name (foenum-graecum) means "Greek hay."                                                                                 Fenugreek is used to soften and expel mucous. It has antiseptic properties and will kill infections in the lungs. Used with lemon and honey, it will help reduce a fever and will soothe and nourish the body during illness.                           
It has been used to relax the uterus, and for this reason should not be taken by pregnant women. The seeds are nutritious and tonic. The powdered seed is taken for osteomyelitis, scrofula, and tuberculosis. It prevents fever, strengthens the stomach and digestion, and helps diabetics regulate insulin.                                                                         This herb may address anemia and weakness of all kinds. The dose is three to nine grams. The powdered seed is used in poultices for boils, abscesses, tumors, swollen glands, and sores. Use the tea for bronchitis, sore throats, and fevers. Steep two teaspoons in one cup of cold water for five hours, and then boil for one minute. Take up to three cups a day. Peppermint or lemon will improve the flavor. It is also a reputed aphrodisiac.                                    
Also used for allergies, coughs, colds, flu, inflammations, dyspepsia, emphysema, flatulence, headaches, toothache, migraines, menstrual cramps, intestinal inflammation, cystitis, hydrocele of the testicle, pellegra, stomach ulcers, lungs, bronchitis, dropsy, mucous membranes, and tea for sore throat gargle.                                                                 
Acts as a bulk laxative, lowers cholesterol, and lubricates the intestines. Good for the eyes.

Magickal uses: Adding a few fenugreek seeds to the mop water used to clean your household floors will bring money into the household. A small half-filled jar of the herb, left open will also attract money. Add a few seeds every couple of days until the jar is full. Them empty and begin again. Remember to bury the used seeds. The herb is sacred to Apollo.

Properties: Seeds: expectorant, demulcent, emollient, febrifuge, carminative, nutritive, tonic, mucilaginous, restorative, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, stimulant. Aerial parts: antispasmodic.                                                              

Contains biotin, choline, inositol, iron, lecithin, mucilage, volatile oils, PABA, phosphates, protein, trigoneline, trimethylamine, and vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12, and D. Rich in phosphates, lecithin, nucleo-albumin, iron, vitamins A and D (similar in composition to cod liver oil).

Growth: A native to southeastern Europe and west Asia, Fenugreek likes dry, moderately fertile soil in a sunny location. It is an annual, and grows to 1 - 3 feet tall. A long taproot sends up a round stem with few branches. The leaves are trifoliate, on hairy petioles, with obviate leaflets. In June or July, auxiliary, sessile, yellowish flowers appear. The fruit is a 16-seeded, compressed, malodorous legume. These are small, pale, reddish-brown seeds with small pods.







                                                            

                                                                                Flax:

                                                                                     (Linum usitatissimum)



Mecicinal Uses: Flax is used as an aid to achieving cardiovascular health, to help in menopause, and as a mild laxative. The seed and the seed oil are being studied as a possible cure for cancer. The oil helps slow the kidney
disease that accompanies lupus.                                                                                                                                               The ground seed mixed with boiling water to make a thick mush is used for poultices. Any herb, such as smartweed, elm bark, hops, mullein, or any other herbs recommended, can be added. Use as a poultice on old sores, boils, inflammations, skin ulcers, wounds, and tumors. Poultices should be changed at least every 2 hours; have a new, hot poultice ready to apply before the old one is removed.                                                                                                  

Also used for female disorders, colon problems. Promotes strong nails, bones, and teeth and healthy skin. A decoction of the seeds can be used for coughs, catarrh, chronic bronchitis, asthma, pleurisy, fever, dropsy, leprosy, pimples, age spots, burns, scalds, gout, inflammation, cystitis, lung and chest problems, and digestive, gastritis, dyspepsia, diarrhea, and urinary disorders. To eliminate gallstones, take 1 1/2 to 2 tbsp. linseed oil and lie down on your left side for a half hour. The gallstones will pass into the intestines and be eliminated from there. Eating the seeds intact is useful for chronic constipation. The seeds swell up in the intestines, encouraging elimination by increasing the volume of fecal matter. For emollient uses and for rheumatic complaints, apply a linseed poultice. The oil was a folk remedy used for pleurisy and pneumonia.                                                                                             

The seed has been used for ages as a medicine. Take 1 tsp. of the whole seed mixed with water, orange juice, vegetable juice, etc., to provide a gentle lubricant laxative. Or use this mixture as an enema.                                       

To remove foreign bodies from the eye: place a grain of whole flaxseed under the lower lid, close the lids. The seed becomes surrounded by a thick, adherent mucilage, which entraps the foreign body, and soon carries it out from the angle of the eye.

Magickal uses: Flax is used to attract money and wealth, and is used in healing spells and rituals. When performinghealing rituals, sprinkle the altar with flax seeds and include in healing mixtures.

Properties: Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-tussive, demulcent, emollient, laxative, mucilaginous, pectoral, purgative, tonic. Contains Glycosides, gum, linamarin, linoleic acid, linolenic acids, mucilage, oleic acid, protein, saturated acids, tannins, and wax, vitamins A, B, D, E, minerals and amino acids.

Growth: Flax grows in a wide range through North America. Flax is a delicate annual plant 8-22 inches high; the slender, wiry, glabrous, single, leafy, stem has few branches and bears alternate, sessile, simple, entire, lanceolate to oblong, linear, leaves. The numerous leaves are stalk less, alternate, linear with three parallel nerves. Each branch has one or two, delicate, blue or violet-blue, five-petaled, funnel-shaped, slightly overlapping petals (1/2-3/4 inches across), flowers from June to August. The fruit is an 8- to 10-seeded capsule; the seeds are smooth, flattened, shiny, oval beaked, and light brown. Widely cultivated in the United States (mostly the northwestern states), Canada, and Europe but also found wild along roadsides, railroad lines, old fields, and in waste places. Native to Europe.







                                                                 
                                                              Fleabane Daisy: Horseweed, Mourning Widow                   

                                                                                       (Erigeron canadense)                                                                                                                                                           



Medicinal Uses: The genus name "Erigeron" comes from the Greek "eri" (early) and "geron" (old man), referring to the grayed and hairy fluff (pappus) attached to the top of the seeds. This becomes conspicuous soon after the flowers fade.               
A tea from the plant is used as a diuretic and medicine for digestive ailments.                                                  
An essential oil can be made to relieve bronchitis and cystitis.                                                                            

Native American tribes, powdered the flowers to make a snuff that, when sniffed, caused sneezing that would break up a head cold or catarrh. The Lakota's made a tea from the entire plant to treat children with sore mouths and adults who had difficulty urinating. Other uses included teas for rheumatism, lameness, and stomach disorders. The blossoms were also mixed with brains, gall, and spleen of a buffalo, and then rubbed on the hide to bleach it in the tanning process. The Navajo used fleabane in lotions for body pain and headaches. The Cheyenne used the whole plant in boiling water to inhale the vapors. It was also boiled to make steam for sweat lodges and burned to create a smoke that warded off insects. It was also used to clear intestinal parasites and, hence, the common name.  Its astringent action makes it a good remedy for diarrhea and dysentery and effective in treating bleeding hemorrhoids. The herb is commonly used to clear toxins in rheumatic conditions and to treat gonorrhea and other urinogenital diseases.

Magickal uses: An ancient ritual to exorcise evil spirits and to keep them from entering your home is to tie fleabane and St. John’s Wort, wheat, and some capers into a sachet and hang over the lintel of the door. For chastity sprinkle on sheets.

Properties: astringent, diuretic, detoxifier. Contains volatile oil (including limonene, terpineol, linalool), flavonoids, terpenes, plant acids, and tannins.

Growth: Native to North America, the herb is now common in South America and Europe. It is an erect annual, or sometimes biennial, growing to three feet with tiny, narrow, dark green, lance-shaped leaves and clusters of small, white flower heads that quickly fade into silky white tufts. It thrives in uncultivated soil and recently cleared land, often invading in large swathes. It is gathered from the wild when in flower.









Foxglove: Dead men's Bells, Digitalis, Dog’s Finger              

(Digitalis Purpurea) (Digitalis Lanata) Root, stem, leaves, flower, seed


Medicinal Uses: Foxglove was cultivated in Europe as far back as 1000 CE to treat epilepsy, coughs, and swollen glands. It is speculated that Vincent Van Gogh took digitalis for epilepsy and that the yellow vision the drug creates may have influenced his art. Foxglove's effectiveness in treating heart conditions was first documented in 1785 by William Withering in England.                                                                                                             
Digitalis is used in modern medicine to increase the force of systolic contractions in congestive heart failure and the amount of rest between these contractions, lower venous pressure in hypertensive and arteriosclerosistic heart ailments, elevate blood pressure due to impaired heart function, reduce the size of dilated hearts, as a diuretic, and to reduce edema.                                                                                                             
The plant is also used for asthma, dropsy, fevers, insanity, nephrosis, neuralgia, and palpitations, and as an antidote for aconite. The dried leaves of Digitalis are effective upon the central nervous system, heart, and blood vessels, and is also cardiotonic, diuretic, sedative, and yet a vascular stimulant. An ointment made from the leaves is used as a remedy for indurations, hard breasts and indolent tumors. Homeopathically, the plant is used for gastritis, hydropsy, and icterus.

Foxglove can be lethally toxic!!!

Magickal uses: When grown in the garden it protects the land and home from evil. Brings true magick to your garden by attracting faeries and plant devas. Assists in communion with the Underworld. Collect the juice of the herb under a favorable moon sign. Mark the very center of your circle with the juice and wait there to see the realm of faery. Foxglove is a feminine herb ruled by Venus and associated with Water.

Properties: heart tonic, stimulant, diuretic. Focglove contains several glycosides: e.g., digitaline, digitin, digitalein, digitonin, and digitoxin. Seeds contain, also, gitonin and tigonin. Dry seeds contain 14.8-16.2% protein, 38.9-40.4% tar, and 3.6% ash. In addition to the complex of glycosides, reference to lteolin, luteolin-7-D-glucoside, L-7-glucuronide and L-7-glucosyl-gllucuronide, and others: choline, acetylcholine, P-cunaric acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, cholorogenic acid, mucilae and inositol, glucose, galactose, xylose, oxydase, peroxidase, catalase, invertase, and diastase.

Growth: Foxglove is a biennial plant  that can grow from 3 to 6ft tall. It is a member of the snapdragon family and has bell-shaped flowers with spots on the inside of the bell. The flowers are 1 1/4in long, white to deep mauve or strawberry, and arranged on spikes. The leaves (up to 1ft long) are ovate to lane-shaped, soft-hairy, toothed, have prominent veins, and are arranged in a rosette. The plant closely resembles and is often mistaken for comfrey.







                                                           Frankincense:
                          
                                                           (Boswellia carterii)



Medicinal Uses: The earliest recorded use of frankincense was inscribed on a tomb of a 15th century BCE queen named Hathsepsut. The charred remains of the burnt frankincense was ground into a black powder called kohl. Kohl is the substance used in creating the distinctive black eyeliner found on the figures in Egyptian art.                                      
Frankincense relieves menstrual pains, and treats rheumatic aches and pains. Externally it is used for liniments and for its antiseptic properties. Pliny the Elder, (1st century) used frankincense as an antidote to hemlock poisoning. The Iranian physician Avicenna (10th century) thought that it was good for body ailments such as tumors, vomiting, dysentery and fevers.

Magickal uses: Frankincense is burned to raise vibrations, purify, and exorcise. It will aid meditations and visions. The essential oil is used to anoint magickal tools, altars, etc. Sacred to the Sun God Ra, frankincense is burned in rites of exorcism, purification, and protection, consecration. It is also burn to accelerate spiritual growth by inducing visions and aiding meditation. Rosemary may be substituted for frankincense.

Properties: stimulant, aromatic

Growth: Frankincense is the resin produced by various trees in the genus Boswellia. The trees grow in the dry areas of north-eastern Africa and southern Arabia.




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