Whispering Woods Herbal Grimoire

Section A


All information listed throughout the Herbal Grimoire section is intended for reference only.
Crick does not suggest, advocate, or recommend the use of herbs in any fashion.


Herb Description list - A:  Acacia, Aconite, Adders Tongue, Agar, Agrimony, Alder, Alfalfa, Allspice, Almond,
Aloe Vera, Alum Root, Amaranth, Angelica, Anise, Apple, Arrowroot, Ash, Avens,


Herb Descriptions:

Note: For determining the dosage for wee ones, use the child's age divided by twelve plus the age.                                                  ex. 5 years old = 5 divided by 12 + 5 =5/7 or about 2/3 of a dose.




                                                Acacia: Gum Arabic, Egyptian Thorn, India gum tree

                                                (Acacia senegal L.) Leaves, stems




This herb is a member of the Mimosa family. Acacia is used to soothe inflammations in the respiratory, alimentary, and urinary tracts. It is also used as an eye-wash. A strong tea made from acacia is used for diarrhea, dysentery and malaria. The powdered leaves and stems may be applied to fungal infections and infected wounds. The sweetened mucilage has sometimes been used to treat the early stages of Typhoid fever.                                           
Also used to stop bleeding of wounds and to prevent infections. Dried gum can be sucked on to relieve bronchial passages and for sore throats also useful for mouth ulcers and throat inflammation.

Magickal uses: Used to develop psychic powers and for meditation. Hang a sprig over the bed for protection. Carry a piece of the wood for personal protection. To stimulate psychic powers, burn with sandalwood. Use in spells for money and platonic love. The wood is burned in sacred fires in India. Masculine, Planet is the Sun. Element is Air.

Properties: Demulcent, mucilaginous.

Growth: Acacia is a small, spiny, leguminous tree or shrub. After the rainy season ends, the stem begins to exude gum, which is collected from December to June. The acacia has alternate, bi-pinnate leaves and auxiliary racemes of yellow flowers arranged in globose heads. The fruit is an oblong pod. Found growing in tropical, sandy soils. Use the pods when green, and the flowers when in bloom.

Mucilage: Combine 1 part of acacia gum with 3 parts of distilled water.  Place in a well sealed bottle, shake occasionally, let dissolve, keep refrigerated, turns to slimy goo. Use as needed.                                                              

Syrup:  Mix 1 part mucilage with 3 parts of plain sugar syrup. Dose is 1 to 4 tsp.










            Aconite: Wolfsbane, Monkshood      

              (Aconitum Napellus) Detoxified Root




The therapeutic dose is so close to the toxic level that it should never be used internally and external application should never be done over broken skin. Because of its extremely potent effects on the central nervous system, Aconite has also been prepared as a liniment or ointment for the treatment for neuralgia, sciatica, rheumatism, arthritis, and other pain conditions. Even in the form of a liniment for topical application, Aconite can be extremely toxic.

Even then absorption through the skin can be fatal. The roots and leaves are the most toxic parts of the plants. In Chinese medicine (Aconitum chinensis is the variety employed in Asia) the root undergoes a special process to detoxify it. The process involves soaking the roots whole in vinegar for one month, followed by a salt water soak for one month. This process is repeated several times. After preparation it is used as a stimulant, heart tonic, pain killer, narcotic, mild laxative, local anesthetic.

Magickal uses: Make an infusion with the leaves or root to banish prior energy from magickal blades and to infuse it with protection. Use for protection against negative energies. Burn Aconite in order to invoke Hecate. In days of old hunters would dip their arrow tips into Aconite in order to kill wolves.

Properties: anodyne, anti-diabetic, anti-periodic, anti-phlogistic, antipyretic, diaphoretic, diuretic. Contains volatile oil with a high level of thujone, sesquiterpene lactones, acetylenes, flavonoids, phenolic acids and lignans; such as diayangambin and epiyangambin.

Growth: Aconite is a perennial native to the rich moist meadowlands of Europe. It is a member of the Buttercup family. It prefers to grow in shaded areas. The plant can be erect or trailing, with deeply cut leaves and, in late summer and fall, hooded showy flowers of blue, yellow, purple, or white. The flowers are usually dark blue on spikes.

All parts of this plant are extremely poisonous.








Adder’s Tongue: Dog's Tooth Violet, Rattlesnake violet, Lamb's tongue 

(Erythronium Americanum)  Whole plant



Used as an emetic in doses of 25 to 30 grains. The fresh leaves are emollient and possess anti-scrofulous properties. Also used in poultice form for treating swellings, tumors, and scrofulous ulcers. The root and herb are used for gout. The fresh root and leaves simmered in milk are said to be helpful in dropsy, also for hiccups and bleeding from the lower bowels.

Magickal uses: Use to stop others from gossiping about you, or as an aid to stopping slander. Soak adder’s tongue in cold water then apply it to a wound or bruise (wrapped in a piece of cloth) until the herb grows warm. Bury the wet herb in a muddy area and the wound will heal.

Properties: Emetic, expectorant, anti-scrofulous, anti- scorbutic, emollient, nutritive when dry.

Growth: Found in damp open woodlands. A lily like flower appears in early spring. Bright yellow sometimes tinged with purple and with tiny dots within at the base. Adder's tongue is a perennial plant that grows to 1 foot high. Its bulbous root is light brown on the outside and white inside. It grows two leathery, basal pale green, mottled leaves with purplish or brownish spots and one drooping, miniature, lily-like, yellow flower, with the petals strongly curved back. It appears in April or May. The narrow spike somewhat resembling a snake's tongue gave the plant the common name of Adder's tongue. The petals partially close at night and on cloudy days. The plant diminishes with the heat of summer. The fruit is a capsule.

Infusion: An Infusion is made with 1 tsp of leaves or 2 tsps. Of root to 1 cup of water and taken at the rate of 1 cup per day. Also, the juice of the plant mixed with apple cider.

Poultice: The crushed leaves or root are simmered in milk to the proper consistency.





Agar: Death Angel, Red Cap, Fly Agaric              



                            (Amanita muscaria)



Magickal uses: Agaric is masculine. It is ruled by the planet Mercury. It is associated with Dionysus. To increase fertility, place in the bedroom or on the alter.

Agaric is the oldest hallucinogenic ever recorded. Used in shaman visions. One to three dried mushrooms are used. Can also be smoked when dried.

Properties: Contains ibotenic acid, muscimol, muscazone, hyoscyamine and bufotenine.

Growth: It is commonly found in Autumn growing in birch woods or under pine trees.

Agaric can cause hallucinations, drowsiness, vomiting, nausea, stomach pains, diarrhea, and muscle spasms. Most symptoms (except in rare cases) disappear in 24 hours.







Agrimony: Sticklewort, Cockleburr, Church steeples




(Agrimonia eupatoria):



Agrimony is a member of the “Rose” family. The leaves are used to make an infusion to treat jaundice and other liver ailments. The tea is also used as a diuretic and as a liver tonic. It is useful in treating ulcers, rheumatism, diarrhea, gout, fevers and skin problems. An infusion of Agrimony is used for sore throats and is good for dry coughs. Agrimony is well known for its astringent properties in relation to bleeding. A poultice made from fresh leaves and roots can be used to treat bruises, wounds, and ulcers. And can be used to draw out thorns and splinters.

Magickal uses: Agrimony is used in banishment and protection. It is also used in reversal spells. It not only breaks hexes, but it also sends them back to the hexer. Agrimony is excellent in dream pillows, especially when mixed with mugwort. It also enhances magickal healing. According to ancient lore, place under the head to make one sleep as if dead, but don’t do this for insomnia: the sleeper will not awaken until it is removed.

Properties: Astringent, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, hemostatic, analgesic, promotes bile flow, tonic. It contains; Tannins, bitter glycosides, nicotinic acid amide, silicic acid, vitamins B and K, iron and essential oil.

Growth: Agrimony is found growing throughout most of the United States and southern Canada. It is a perennial plant with few branches that reaches 2 to 3 feet tall. It has pinnate leaves and a terminal leafless flower spike, with many small, bright yellow, five-petal flowers. The whole plant is dark green and is covered with soft hairs. Fruits are upside-down cones, covered with hooked bristles on the top. Agrimony prefers light shade and dry soils. It can be found along roadsides, field edges, and growing on wasteland. The dried leaves, flowers, and roots are used. Also fresh leaves are used for a poultice.

Do not use this herb if you are suffering from constipation. When fresh leaves are used as a poultice, the treated skin should not be exposed to sunlight as this can cause a rash.







Alder: Black alder, Fever bush, Winter berry          



   (Alnus glutinosa L.)  Dried bark, leaves, inner bark



Fresh alder bark will cause vomiting so use dried bark for other than emetic purposes.

Medicinal Uses: A decoction of the bark makes a good gargle for sore throats. The powdered bark and the leaves have been used as a tonic as well as an astringent. Boiling the inner bark in vinegar produces an external wash for lice and for skin problems such as scabies, scabs, psoriasis, rheumatism and inflammations. It is good for burning and aching feet, dropsy, shingles and impetigo. Use as a poultice for swellings of all kinds including enlarged glands and scrofula. You can use the liquid to clean your teeth and to firm the gums. It is an effective worm medicine for children. The inner bark boiled in vinegar will kill lice, cure the itch, cures old sores, and is good for toothache.

Magickal uses: Whistles may be made of this wood to summon and control the four winds. Alder is used in banishing spells. Also used in protection, divination and resurrection spells.

Properties: Astringent, bitter tonic, emetic, hemostatic, mucilaginous, cathartic, alterative.

Growth: Black alder (A. glutinosa) is a deciduous tree up to 80 feet high; the alternate leaves are round-obviated, and usually double serrated, scalloped, and have a tuft of down on the underside. The flowers are segregated by sex into separate catkins, the reddish-purple female ones developing into hard cones that contain the seeds. 2-8 catkins will occur in a cluster on a forked peduncle. Black Alder is found in cooler regions, forming dense stands around swamps and along streams and rivers. Cool, moist or even wet soils. The bark and the leaves are used.

Infusion: Use 1 heaping tbsp. crushed alder leaves to 1 pint boiling water. Let steep for 1/2 hour.

Decoction: Boil 1 tsp. bark, or leaves in 1 cup water. For internal use, take 1- 2 cups a day, in mouthful doses.                                                                                                  
Tincture: A dose is from 1/2 to 1 tsp. 

Powder: A dose is from 8-12 grains. 

Poultice: Use just enough water to moisten the leaves.






Alfalfa: Buffalo herb, Purple medic                 

(Medicago sativa L.) Leaves






Alfalfa is a member of the Pea family. It eliminates retained water, relieves urinary and bowel problems. The fresh or dried leaf tea is traditionally used to promote appetite and thus weight gain. Alfalfa is used in treating anemia, fatigue, kidneys, peptic ulcers, and pituitary problems. Alfalfa is used to detoxify the body, especially the liver. It is known to contain an antifungal agent. Alfalfa reduces gastric acid production.  It is known to neutralize uric acid in cases of arthritis and bursitis and is used for water retention. It is thought to reduce tissue damage of radiation therapy.  Often taken mixed in water combined with cider vinegar for arthritis. Alfalfa is very high in Vitamin K which aids in the clotting of blood.                                                                   

Magickal uses: Placed in a small jar and kept in a pantry or cabinet, it protects the home from poverty and hunger. Burn alfalfa and scatter the ashes around the property as a form of protection. Used in prosperity spells. Harvest a small quantity during the full moon. Dry and burn in the cauldron. Place the ashes in an amulet.                                                                                                              
Properties: Alterative, antipyretic, diuretic, appetite stimulant, antispasmodic, hemostatic.                                           
It contains calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as other vitamins, also very high in chlorophyll, Biotin, calcium, choline, inositol, iron, magnesium, PABA, phosphorus, potassium, protein, sodium, sulfur, tryptophan (amino acid), and vitamins A, B1 complex, C, D, E, K, B6, B12, C, D, E, K, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, folic acid), amino acids, sugars, minerals (Ca, K, P, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu), trace elements and other nutrients . Alfalfa has up to 50% protein, is high in beta carotene, chlorophyll and octacosanol. Other ingredients are: saponins, sterols, flavonoids, coumarins, alkaloids and acids.

Growth: Alfalfa is found worldwide but originated in Asia. It grows in a wide range of soils, prefers full sun, and regular watering, although it can tolerate dry spells. Alfalfa is a deep-rooted perennial plant with small divided leaves, purple clover like flowers in loose heads, 1/4 to 1/2 inches long, and spiral pods loosely twisted. It grows 1 to 3 feet tall.  Alfalfa can be found flowering from June to August. It can generally be found growing in fields and along roadsides.

Extract - 9 grams of dry herb macerated in 45 ml alcohol and 45 ml water.

Tea - Use 1 Tbsp to 8 oz water

Vinegar - Add 1 oz powdered herb to 1 quart cider vinegar. Take 1 tsp in tepid water daily for nutrition and tonic.

Alfalfa has been known to aggravate lupus and other auto-immune disorders.




Allspice: Pimento, Jamaica pepper            


(Pimento dioica syn. P. officinalis): Rind, leaves



Allspice is used as a paste to soothe and relieve
toothache, as well as a mouthwash to freshen the
breath. The rind contains the most active medicinal
components and is considered to be stimulant in
action, particularly the aroma. The tea has antiseptic
properties (due to the eugenol content in the berries) and is used primarily as a digestive aid for flatulence, intestinal gas and indigestion. The tea is also used as an appetite stimulant, and as a carminative. Both the tea and a poultice are used for rheumatism and neuralgia.
Allspice lowers blood sugar (useful in diabetes) and improves protein absorption. The leaves are used in the bath for varicose veins, gout, and edema. The eugenol content is said to promote digestive enzymes in the body.

Magickal uses: Allspice encourages healing and is used in mixtures to ask for money and good fortune. Also used in determination and healing spells

Properties: Aromatic, carminative, stimulant

Growth: Allspice is harvested from a tree that is native to Central and South America as well as the Caribbean. Allspice is the dried berry of the pimento, an evergreen tree growing to 40 feet in height. It bears opposite, leathery, oblong to oblong-lancelet leaves whose pinnately arranged veins show prominently on the underside. Small white flowers grow in many-flowered cymes in the upper leaf axils from June to August. The fruit is a fleshy, sweet berry which is purplish-black when ripe.

Poultice: Boil berries and make a thick paste. Spread on a soft clean cloth. The cloth can also be dipped in warm tea and used as hot pack                                                

Pimento water: Combine 5 parts crushed berries with 200 parts water and distill down to half the original volume. A dose is from 1-2 fluid ounces.                                                                                     

Oil: A dose is from 2-5 drops. For flatulence, take 2 or 3 drops on sugar                                                    

Powder: A dose is from 10-30 grains

       


                   Almond: (Prunus dulcis) Seed and wood



Phyllis, Queen of Thrace, was deserted by her lover Demophoon and died of grief. The gods changed her into a barren almond tree. When Demophoon finally returned to Thrace and heard of Phyllis' fate he ran to the tree and embrassed it. The tree suddenly burst into blossom, momentarily turning back into Phyllis.

The whole raw almond had been described as a cancer preventative. Sweet Almond oil is scentless and nourishing to the skin. One ounce of almonds can be soaked overnight in four ounces of water and blended in the morning to make a milk substitute. Peeled almonds can relieve heartburn. Ground almonds make a wonderful facial scrub. The oil relieves coughs and hoarseness. Almonds have very little starch and the butter and flour of the nuts is recommended for diabetics. As far back as 200 BCE, the Chinese have used almond oil as a local anesthetic and muscle relaxer.
Almond oil is thought to be a more potent cholesterol-reducing agent than olive oil.

Caution: Almonds contain hydro cyanic acid and can be toxic if eaten in large amounts (over 50 kernels for an adult, and ten for a child)
 
Magickal uses: Burn the wood for money, riches and wisdom. Almond wood makes a very nice magickal wand. Sweet Almond Oil is one of the primary carrier oils for ritual and anointing blends.

Properties: Demulcent, emollient, pectoral

Growth: The Sweet Almond tree has dark-colored bark, rose to white flowers in early spring, and dry-fleshed fruit with a pitted stone containing the nut. It is a small deciduous tree belonging to the subfamily Prunoideae of the family Rosaceae. The tree is a native of southwest Asia. The domesticated form can ripen fruit as far north as the British Isles. It is a small tree, growing to 4-9 m tall. The leaves are lanceolate, 6-12 cm long, and serrated at the edges. The flowers are white or pale pink, 3-5 cm diameter with five petals, produced before the leaves in early spring.




                                           



                                              Aloe Vera:                                                                                                                                  
                              (A. barbadensis)  Gel                                                                                      

In ancient Egypt aloe was used during embalming processes, and also for soothing and  beautifying the skin. Cleopatra attributed her irresistible charm and beauty to the use of aloe vera gel.                                                    

Medicinal Uses:The gel of the inner part of an aloe leaf is used to treat burns, skin rashes, acne,  abrasions, eczema, sunburns and insect bites, as well as chafed nipples from  breastfeeding, when applied to the affected area externally.   Aloe has shown outstanding results in treating facial edema (swelling). Internally it can be used to keep the bowels functioning smoothly, or when there is an impaction, although it can cause intestinal cramping when taken internally. It aids in cleaning out the colon. It aids in healing wounds by drawing out infection, and preventing infection from starting. Rubbing the scalp with aloe keeps the hair from falling out. The fresh gel of Aloe was used by Cleopatra to keep her skin soft and young.

Magickal uses: Growing an Aloe Vera plant in the kitchen will help prevent burns and mishaps while cooking. It will also prevent household accidents, and guard against negative energy.

Properties: Emollient, purgative, vulnerary, tonic, demulcent, vermifuge, antifungal, alterative, emmenagogue.  Aloe vera has six antiseptic agents (sulphur, lupeol, salicylic acid, cinnamic acid, urea nitrogen and phenol) which acts in unison to provide antimicrobial activity.                                                                                                     

Growth: Does best when grown indoors in pots. Remember that Aloe is a succulent, not a cactus, so it needs water to keep the leaves fleshy and juicy. The aloe is a perennial plant that produces a rosette of fleshy basal leaves. The narrow-lancelet leaves are 1- 2 feet long and whitish-green on both sides, and they bear spiny teeth on the margins.

Diabetics may develop intolerance to aloe juice.








Alum Root: Alum, Cranesbill root

(Heuchera americana L.) Leaf, root



Leaf tea used for diarrhea, dysentery, piles and gargled for sore throat. The root is used as a poultice on wounds, sores, abrasions. Used to reduce inflammation of mucous membranes, curb irritation of hemorrhoidal tissue, and to restore venous health. It is an especially powerful astringent for passive bleeding. Also good for gastroenteritis, stomach flu, and dry bilious vomiting, douche for leucorrhea and vaginitis. Alum Root has been found to be active against tuberculosis bacteria. The Blackfoot used the root of "Geranium maculatum" and closely related plants to stop bleeding.

Magickal uses: Burn the dry leaves to enhance psychic vision

Properties: Styptic, astringent. Contains 9 to 20% tannins and gallic acid, also starch, sugar, gum, pectin and coloring matter.                                                          

Growth: Alumroot is a perennial that grows to 1-3 feet; the leaves are toothed, roundish to somewhat maple-shaped, base heart-shaped. The entire plant is erect and unbranched, more or less covered with hairs; the leaves deeply parted, each division again cleft and toothed. The flowers are small, greenish white, on short stalks; April to June. Usually found in woods, and amongst shaded rocks. Its growing area is Southern Ontario, Connecticut to Georgia; Oklahoma to Michigan.

Excessive use can cause gastric irritation and kidney and liver failure.

           






                                                            Amaranth: Lady bleeding, Red cockscomb, Velvet flower



                                                                           (Amaranthus spp.) seeds and leaves







Medicinal Uses: Amaranth is used to battle stomach flu, diarrhea, and gastroenteritis. It was used by Native Americans to stop menstruation and for contraception. It is also used internally for diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhage from the bowels, and nosebleeds. Amaranth seed and leaves have been used effectively as an astringent for stopping diarrhea, bloody stools  and excessive menstruation. It is an excellent wash for skin problems such as acne and eczema to psoriasis and hives. It is used as a douche for vaginal discharges; as a mouthwash for sore mouths, gums, teeth and throat and as an enema for colon inflammation and rectal sores. Applied externally, it can reduce tissue swelling from sprains and tick bites.

Magickal uses: Amaranth is used to repair a broken heart. It is also associated with immortality, and is used to decorate images of gods and goddesses. It is sacred to the god Artemis. Woven into a wreath, it is said to render the wearer invisible. It is also used in pagan burial ceremonies.

Properties: Astringent, hemostatic, nutritive, alterative

Growth: Amaranth is an annual whose different varieties grow from one to five feet tall. It bears alternate, oblong-lancelet pointed, green leaves that have a red-purplish spot. Its flowers appear in August and grow in clusters. It does not transplant well, so sow it where you want it to grow. It is generally not picky about soil type, and tolerates heat and drought well. The leaves of the plant are used.

Infusion or decoction: Use 1 tsp. leaves with 1 cup water. Take cold, 1- 2 cups a day.                             

Gargle: 2 tbsp. to 1 quart water simmered 10 minutes and used as a gargle 3-4 times a day. May also be used as a douche for leucorrhea.                                                                                                                                                          

Tincture: A dose is 1/2 to 1 tsp.

Amaranth should not be used by pregnant or lactating women.





                                                                        

Angelica: Dead nettle, Archangel, Masterwort, Wild celery



(Angelica archangelica) Dried root



Angelica is a good herbal tea to take for colic, gas, indigestion,
hepatitis, and heartburn. It is very useful to add in remedies for
afflictions of the respiratory system, as well as liver problems and
digestive difficulties. It promotes circulation in the body. Angelica is an excellent tonic in diseases of the lungs, gout, and stomach troubles. It is used for lack of appetite, dyspepsia, gastrointestinal pain, gas, sciatica, and the heart.             An infusion of dried root can be used as a remedy for coughs and colds and to dispel gas and to soothe intestinal cramps. It is also used to stimulate the kidneys. It is often used to stimulate the circulation in the pelvic region and to stimulate suppressed menstruation.                                                                                                                                  
In China, angelica has been used for several thousand years to treat many kinds of female problems. It has been used for abnormal menstruation, suppressed menstrual flow, painful or difficult menstruation, and uterine bleeding. As well as for hot flashes associated with perimenopause.

Magickal uses: Grow it in your garden as a protection for garden and home. The root is often used as a protective amulet, and has been used to banish evil by burning the leaves. It is also used to lengthen life, and is used in protection against diseases, as well as to ward off evil spirits. Adding it to a ritual bath will break spells and hexes. It has often been used to ward off evil spirits in the home. Some American Indian tribes carried a talisman of this root for luck in gambling.

Properties: Stimulates appetite, carminative, expectorant, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, diuretic’ Contains essential oil with phellandrene, angelica acid, coumarin compounds (bergapten, linalool and borneol), bitter principle and tannins

Growth: Angelica needs rich, moist garden soil in partial shade. It prefers wet bottomlands and swamps, and prefers the cooler northern regions to grow best. It is a perennial that can reach up to 6 feet tall. Angelica is a biennial producing foliage the first year and stems and flowers the second. Flowering time is June to August.

Angelica should not be used by pregnant women or diabetics.








       Anise:                           
(Pimpinellaa anisum)




Medicinal Uses: Anise is another good herb for colic, gas, and indigestion. The volatile oil in Aniseed  provides the basis for its internal use to ease griping, intestinal colic and flatulence. It can also be used in herbal remedies for coughing, bronchitis and asthma, as it aids in  loosening phlegm. It is the mildest of the herbs used for these purposes.  Anise water promotes milk production in nursing mothers, and is a soothing eyewash. This herb is thought to promote the onset of menstruation when taken as an infusion.
Anise may be used for relieving menopausal discomforts, and for treating some form of prostate cancer in men.          Anise oil helps relieve cramping and spasms and is good as a stomach tonic. It is used as an expectorant for coughs may be used in bronchitis, in tracheitis where there is persistent irritable coughing, and in whooping cough.

Magickal uses: Anise mixed with bay leaves provides an excellent bath additive prior to ritual. Using anise in potpourri around the house wards off evil, and anise in your sleeping pillow at night will chase away the nightmares. The essential oil is used in ritual baths prior to any divination attempts. It is believed that hanging an anise seed head on your bedpost will restore lost youth. Add to the purification bath with bay leaves.

Properties: Antispasmodic, antiseptic, aromatic, carminative, digestive, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. Contains coumarins, flavonoid glycosides including rutin, isovitexin, quercetin, luteolin, and apigenin glycosides, phenylpropanoids and misc. sterols, proteins and carbohydrates. The seeds contain essential oil with anethole, choline, and fatty oil.

Growth: Anise likes warm, sunny areas with well-drained, rich sandy soils. It is suitable for all areas of North America. It is an annual, and grows 1-2 feet high. It needs 120 days to produce fully ripened seed heads. It is an annual plant with spindle-shaped, thin, woody roots that send up a round, grooved, branched stem. The lowest leaves are round and long-petiole, the middle leaves are pinnate, and those at the top are incised into narrow lobes. The small, white flowers appear in compound umbels during July and August. The downy, brown ovate fruit is about 1/8 inch long and ripens during August and September.

Infusion: Use 1 tsp. crushed seed to 1/2 or 1 cup boiling water. Steep for 10 minutes and then strain. Take 1 to 1 1/2 cups during the day, a mouthful at a time.                                                                                    

Decoction: For colic, boil 1 tbsp. seed in 1/2 pint milk for 10 minutes; strain and drink hot.                                                                                                            
Tincture: To prepare, add 2 oz. seed to 1/2 qt. brandy. Add some clean lemon peels and let stand in a sunny place for 20 days, then strain. Take 1 tsp. at a time.                                                   

Anise water: Boil 1/2 tsp. seed in 1/2 pint water, then strain.

Tea: Add 7 tsp of aniseeds to 1 quart of boiling water and then simmering the contents down to 1-1/2 pints. Strain and add 4 tsp each of honey and glycerin (as a preservative). Take 2 tsp of this syrup every few hours to relieve hacking coughs.



                                  



                                                       Apple:    

                                                     (Pyrus spp.) Fruit






Medicinal Uses: Apples are used to treat constipation. Apples regulate the digestive system, preventing constipation and stopping diarrhea. The pectin in fresh apples can help to lower cholesterol levels, an aid in treating heart disease. Tea made from apple tree bark is used as a tonic. Crushed apple leaves can be rubbed on a fresh wound to prevent infection. Apple peels can be dried and made into a tea recommended for rheumatism and to regulate blood sugar in diabetes. Studies show that apples can reduce blood cholesterol levels. Apple is a source of magnesium. Stewed apples are traditionally used for diarrhea and dysentery. Useful for small babies and children in cases of gastric ulceration or ulcerative colitis. An infusion of dried apple peel is used for rheumatic illness, gout, and as a diuretic in urinary disorders. A douche with diluted apple cider vinegar is used to relieve itching caused by Trichomonas vaginitis (use 1/2 to 1 Cup of vinegar to 1 pint of warm water.  not to be used for yeast infection).

Magickal uses: Apple blossoms are used in love and healing incenses. An apple should be given to a lover as a present you should eat one half, the lover the other. Apple juice is used as an offering to Fertility Deities.  It is given as an offering on Samhain to the dead, since it is a symbol of immortality. If you are growing apples, to insure a good harvest next year, bury thirteen leaves after this years harvest. Apple wood is good for wand for use in emotional magick and the cider may be used in place of blood. Pouring apple cider on the ground in your garden before you plant gives the earth life.

Properties: Astringent, anti-bacterial, carminative, cyanogenetic, depurative, digestive, diuretic, emollient, hypnotic, laxative, refrigerant, sedative and a tonic. Apple contains carbohydrates, sodium, magnesium, potassium, and iron salts, sugars, fruit acids, pectin, Vitamins A, B1, C and minerals.

Growth: Apple trees grow over most of North America. They need a cool winter period, making them unsuitable for low desert or tropical regions. The apple tree is a small deciduous tree with a dense crown and gray bark. The twigs are downy at first. Toothed, elliptical pointed leaves grow with pink-flushed, white flowers on short side twigs. Flowers open with the leaves.

Infusion: use 1 to 2 tsp. dried apple peels with 1 cup simmering water. Take from 1 to 3 cups a day.                           

For diarrhea, eat a grated, peeled apple. Dried apple peels simmered in warm water help regulate digestion.



           





                                                                    Arrowroot               

                                                              (Maranta Arundinacea)                                                                                                                                              


Arrowroot is useful in cases of diarrhea in dogs.

Magickal uses: Carry in a pouch for good fortune and prosperity.

Properties: Demulcent

Growth: Arrowroot is an herbaceous perennial with a creeping rhizome and a flowering stem which can reach a height of 6 feet before blooming creamy colored flowers.







                                               
                                                 Ash: White Ash, European Ash           



                                                             (Fraxinus excelsior) Leaves, bark





Medicinal Uses: Ash is useful in gout or rheumatic problems. Leaves are sometimes substituted for Senna and have less griping action. It is used in a decoction for intermittent fever and ague. A decoction of the leaves in white wine is used for dissolving stones and curing jaundice.
An infusion of the bark promotes excretion of uric acid. The bark is also used to expel intestinal worms.

Magickal uses: The Ash which is sacred to Poseidon and Woden, considered to be the father of trees. Use a wand made of Ash to absorb sickness.  Use Ash when performing sea rituals. Use Oak and Ash together to encourage the rain of summer.
Prick a wart with a new pin that has been thrust into the tree. Withdraw the pin from the wart and put back in the tree while repeating "Ashen tree, Ashen tree, pray buy these warts of me." For your new born to be a good singer bury their first nail clippings under an ash. Use to make protective and healing wands. Place a few ash leaves in a bowl of water by the bed, leave overnight, to prevent illness. This must be discarded every morning and repeat the ritual every night. Ash brings light into the hearth at the Winter Solstice, so burn as the Yule log. A solar cross carved out of ash brings protection against drowning.

Properties: Bark is bitter tonic, astringent, antiperiodic, laxative, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge, diuretic.

Leaves are diuretic, diaphoretic, purgative, cathartic and laxative.

Bark contains bitter glucoside (Fraxin), bitter substance (Fraxetin), tannin, quercetin, mannite, volatile oil (small amount), gum, malic acid (free and combined with calcium), flavanoids, coumarins, resins.

Growth: The bark is light gray (smooth in young specimens, rough and scaly in older). Leaves are large and compound being divided into 4 to 8 pairs of lance-shaped leaflets, tipped by a single leaflet, giving the foliage a light feather look. Flowers appear in spring from black buds on previous year's shoots and before the leaves appear. Flowers are wind-pollinated and seed chambers develop with a long strap-shaped wing (called an Ash-Key). The Ash-Keys hang in bunches and, when fully ripe, are blown off and carried away by the wind.

Infusion of Bark  -  Bark of young branches and twigs;  1 tsp to 1/2 Cup ofwater, boiled briefly and steeped 2 to 3 minutes; take 1/2 to 1Cup daily, unsweetened, a mouthful at a time throughout the day.

Infusion of leaves - 1 to 2 tsp of the leaves to 1/2 Cup hot water, steeped 2 to 3 minutes then strained; taken 1 to 1½ Cups a day or 1 oz. leaves to 1 pint of water in frequent small doses for 24 hours.





Avens (Water): Yellow Avens, Wild rye, Blessed herb, Holy herb,      
                              Star of the Earth

(Geum rivale L.) Whole plant






The dried root of this plant is used. The rootstock makes a tasty and effective  remedy for diarrhea and dysentery when taken with milk and sugar. It also acts to  improve appetite and digestion, dyspepsia. An infusion made from the whole plant  can be used to clear up respiratory congestion and to counteract nausea. The  powdered root is used as an astringent for hemorrhage, fevers, and leucorrhea.

Magickal uses: Avens is added to incense in order to enhance psychic vision. It is also used to enhance love spells. Use in exorcism and purification rites by adding to incense, mixtures and sprinkling around ritual area. Protects against venomous beasts when worn as an amulet. American Indian males use it to gain love.

Properties: Astringent, styptic, stomachic, tonic. The principle constituent of the root is a volatile oil which is composed mainly of eugenol and a glucoside, plus Gein, geum-bitter, tannic acid, gum and resin.

Growth: Water avens is a hairy perennial plant; its woody rootstock produces a simple, erect stem from 1-3 feet high with small, sessile, simple or three-cleft leaves. From the rootstock also grow long-petiole, hairy, pinnate leaves with three large terminal, coarsely double-toothed leaflets and one or two pairs of small lower leaflets. The leaves vary considerably according to their position on the plant but the upper leaves are composed of 3 narrow leaflets. At the top of the stem grow from 3-5 purplish flowers on short pedicels, blooming from May to July. Found mostly in moist and wet places from Colorado and New Mexico northeastward, and in Canada, Europe and Asia. It was well known to the gypsies who called it "the kind herb".

Infusion: steep 1 tsp. rootstock in 1 cup water for 30 minutes. Take 1/2 cup before going to bed, or a mouthful 3 times a day. Take no more than 2 cups in total consecutive doses.

Infusion: steep 1 or 2 tsp. fresh plant in 1 cup water. Take 1 cup a day.

Should not be used more than 2 days at a time. Excessive amounts can produce unpleasant side effects.





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