Egyptian Deity, H - M

Hapi: He was one of the sons of Horus depicted in funerary literature as protecting the throne of Osiris in the Underworld. Hapi is depicted as a baboon-human on funerary furniture and especially the canopic jars that held the organs of the deceased (Hapi's jar held the lungs).

Hapy: (two-headed)) God of the Nile. As such, He is a fertility figure and is often portrayed androgynously. He dwelled in a cave near the first cataract where he was fed by crocodiles and frogs who wanted to assure themselves that the river Nile wouldn't run dry. He was depicted as a big fat man covered with (blue, black or green) mud from the river, offering fruits and flowers and carrying the symbols of the two Kingdoms: the Lotus and Papyrus.

Harachte - (Heru-sa-Aset, Hrw, Hr, and Hor-Hekenu) "Horus of the horizon": He is the falcon-headed god of ancient Egyptian mythology. He was the god of the rising sun, a manifestation of both Horus and, later, Ra. He was married to Ausaas.

Harpakhrad - (Heru-Pa-Khret) (Horus the child): He was also seen as a baby at the breast or as a naked infant sitting in the lap of his mother Isis. In Mendes, the capital of nome 16 of Lower Egypt, he was the son of the town protector Banebdjedet and the local fish goddess Hat-Mehit.

Hatmehet: Consort of Banebdjedet, She is the Guardian and Patron of fishermen and the fishing industry.

Hathor: Daughter of Ra, and Goddess of love and sexuality, music and dance. She was considered the mother of all the Pharoahs, and Royal princesses automatically were Her priestesses by birth. She was the wife of the sacred bull "Buchis". She was said to have seven different forms. Her cult was centered in Dendera and was led by priests who were also dancers, singers or other artists, for she was a Goddess of art as well. Her priests were also oracles and midwives. She was the mother of Ihy and Horus, Ihy was a son of Hathor, worshipped in Dendera. He was a God of dance and music. 

Hat- (Het, Hatmehit): She came from Mendes, capital of nome 16 in Lower Egypt. Her husband was Banebdjedet and their son was Harpakhrad. She was seen as a woman with a fish above her head and her name meant "she who is in front of all the fish" indicating that she was a Fish-Goddess.

Hauhet: One of the eight Primal Beings of the Ogdoad, being paired with Heh as co-Spirits of Infinity.  Hauhet was one of the Ogdoad In Egyptian mythology, the Ogdoad are the eight deities worshipped in Hermopolis. Along with her husband, Huh, she was the personification of space and the infinite. She is depicted as a Serpent -headed Goddess.

Hedetet: She was a Scorpion -Goddess. She is mentioned in the Book of the Dead.

Heget (also Heqet, Heka, Heka): Is the Egyptian Goddess of Death and childbirth, she is variously depicted as a frog, a woman with a frog's head, or a frog on the end of a phallus. She was a daughter of Ra and wife and/or mother of Chnum, and is associated with Isis.

Heh: One of the eight Primal Beings of the Ogdoad, being paired with Hauhet as co-Spirits of Infinity. Known as a Frog-God, Heh came from Hermopolis in Upper Egypt. He stood for indefinite time and long life. With his wife Hauhet one of four original pairs of reptiles created by Thoth. He was shown holding two braches (called the Renpets) of the Persea palm where the years of time had been carved in.

Heka: He stood for all magic, supernatural powers and miracles and was patron of wizards and physicians.

Heket: A Goddess concerned with birth, particularly with alleviating the dangers and pains of childbirth. She also stood for eternity and her amulets protected all women when giving birth. She was the She was the wife of Heh.

Hemen: Hemen was a Falcon-God.

Hemsut - (Hemuset) She was the Egyptian Goddess of Fate and protection. She is representative of the ka. She is depicted as wearing a headdress, she also bears a shield, above which are two crossed arrows.

Heretkau: A cthonic mortuary Goddess concerned with protection of souls in the afterlife. Images often associate Her as a servant or assistant to Isis.

Herishef: He was a local God of Fertility from the old town of Henen-Nesut, the capital of province 20 in Upper Egypt. His name means "he who is upon his lake".

Hesat (Cow) Goddess of pregnancy and Source of nursing milk (the "beer of Hesat"). The mother of Anubis.

Horakhte - (Harakhty): A manifestation of Horus the Younger, one of Horus' many identities.

Horemakhet ("Horus at the Horizon"meaning the sun) was a symbol of resurrection, linked to the setting sun, which was reborn every morning.

Horus (Haru): Son, posthumously, of Osiris by Isis, and symbol of divine vengeance. He was a Sky and Solar God from Upper Egypt and one of the oldest gods in the Egyptian mythology. His twin sister was Bast.  Successive Pharaohs were regarded as the Earthly incarnations of Horus. as such, Horus represents the core of national and dynastic stability, and is considered the divine Source of sovereignty.

Hu: He was a minor god who helped Re to fight the evil spirits during his daily voyage over the sky in his solar boat. Hu was created by Re out of blood coming from his penis. Hu was the protector of divine utterance and voice of authority and command.

Ihu (or Ehi) He was the God of the Sistrum, a musical instrument, mainly associated with ancient Egypt. The sistrum is a type of holy rattle.

Ihy:  He is a son of Hathor, worshipped in Dendera. He was a God of dance and music.

Imhotep: He was the God of Medicine.  He is the first child of God Ptah and Goddess Nut. Imhotep is credited with bringing the knowledge of healing and medicine to mankind. He was seen as a man dressed in a simple way sitting with his studying material.

Imiut: He was an Egyptian God of the underworld.

Immutef (also Iunmutef, Inmutef): He is the god who holds up the sky.

Ipet: She was a Hippopotamus -Goddess of childbirth. She was married to Ammon.

Isdes: One of the judges of the dead in Duat In Egyptian mythology, Duat is the underworld, where the sun traveled from west to east during the night and where dead souls were judged by Osiris, using the Feather of Truth.

Isten: He was a minor Egyptian God.

Isis (Aset): Daughter of Geb and Nut, sister and consort of Osiris, mother of Horus. An enormously popular and enduring figure in the pantheon, Isis is one of the few Egyptian divinities to find widespread worship outside of Egypt as well. She is to Her people the female Aspect of national stability and sovereignty, as well as being a primary symbol of nurturance and motherhood. During Osiris' battles with Seth, She twice restored him, impregnating herself upon his remains to give birth to His heir and avenger, Horus. Regarded as paramount in magical power, Her Name figured in all manner of incantations, especially those of healing. She was the goddess with a throne upon her head and her name means "seat".

Juesaes (Iusas, Jusas): She was a minor Egyptian Goddess.

Kauket: One of the eight Primal Beings of the Ogdoad, being paired with Kek as co-Spirits of Darkness. She was a snake-headed woman who ruled over the darkness with her husband. Her name also meant darkness, as did her husband's name, but with a feminine ending. They both represented the original, primordial chaos out of which the entire universe was formed, and they also helped create light.

Kebechet: She was the goddess of freshness and purification in Egyptian mythology. She is also known as Qébéhout, Kabechet, Kebehut and Kebhut. She was the daughter of Anubis and is considered the grand-daughter of either Osiris or Ra. Kebechet was depicted as a snake and had the role of purification through water.

Kebechsenef: He is a Funerary God, associated with falcons and canopic jars (specifically: the jar which contained the viscera of the lower body). He was a son of Horus.

Kek: One of the eight Primal Beings of the Ogdoad, being paired with Kauket as co-Spirits of Darkness. Kek means darkness. He was the god of the darkness of chaos, the darkness before time began. He was the god of obscurity, hidden in the darkness.

Kemwer: He was a Sky God, represented by a black bull.

Khentamentiu: The god Khentamentiu was protector of the old royal cemetery in Abydos in Upper Egypt. He was depicted a jackal with a bushy tail. 

Khenty-Imentiu: A lesser war God, associated with Osiris in His battles, also seen as pilot of the Solar Boat. His principal sanctuary was at the necropolis in Memphis. Khenty- Imentiu was also known as Anubis "chief of the westerners".

Kheper - (Khepri): An Aspect of Ra, the divinity responsible foir maintaining the sun's course across the sky. He was generally depicted as a scarab beetle. (the name Khepri means scarab).

Khepri was a solar deity who pushed the sun across the sky every day, as well as carrying it safely through the underworld every night. Khepri was variously represented as a scarab, a man with the face of a scarab and a man whose head was surmounted by a scarab.

Khnum:  Craftsman and especially potter among the Gods. He created life upon His potter's wheel at the command of the Primal deities. He came from the island of Elefantine at Aswan where he guarded the first cataract. His consorts were Atet and Satet, who composed the "triad of Elefantine".

Khonsu (pathfinder): Moon God. Originally regarded as the child of Amon and Mut, in the Late Kingdom He is often referenced as the offspring of Sebek and Hathor. Aside from His strong lunar association, He was also a divinity invoked in exorcisms and in rites of healing. He is depicted as a young man in a mummy dress with his head shaven and wearing a false black children's hair-curl and sometimes a beard. He carried a crook, flail and a thick staff and could also be seen as the combination Khonsu-Re with a falcon's head. In both cases he wore the same items upon his head; the moon crest like a boat with the red sun disc on top.

Máahes (Mahes) "Wielder of the Knife": He is the son of Bastet, and was a God of war and a protector of sacred places. He was lord of the horizon and manifested the heat of summer and fought all aggressors threatening Egypt and was also seen as one of Osiris' executioners. He was depicted as a lion-headed man with a sword (or knife) and sometimes wearing the atef-crown. His roots were at Leontopolis, in nome eleven of Lower Egypt and he also had a temple in Bubastis.

Maat: The goddess Maát stood for the positive spiritual ideals and human behaviour in old Egypt. She was also the patroness of harmony, justice, truth and cosmic order. She had a roll in the funeral cult, and in the Osiris court of Justice where she put her ostrich feather in the scale of balance with the heart of the deceased. Every Pharoah was considered the "Beloved of Ma'at", and in that sense She is the pillar around which orderly society can flourish. Máat was depicted as a woman, and in her hair she wore the feather of truth (ostrich feather).

Mafdet: Goddess of judicial authority and divine patroness of executions. She is normally shown bearing, or leaping up onto a gallows, and She is also spoken of as a functionary within the Hall of Two Truths. She could appear as a lynx, a leopard or a cheetah, but normally she was shown as a woman dressed in a cat's skin. She fought snakes and scorpions and evildoers in general and could be seen as a cat climbing up a pole.

Mehurt "Great Flood":  She was a celestial cow that gave birth to the sky and was daughter to Amon and Mut. She represented the spiritual river of heaven and the water chaos where life had started. Her cult centre was at Kalabsha. Mehturt is a Sky Goddess represented as a cow. She is also the personification of the waters and/or mound from which Ra arose at the beginning of time.

Menhit: Goddess from Hierokonpolis connected to war and in early dynastic sealings a lioness with three bent pools in her back. Together with her husband Khenmu and their son Hike, Menhit was worshipped in Upper Egypt, the three were called the Esna Triad. She is called "The Slaughterer" and like most Egyptian war-deities, she was believed to ride ahead of the Egyptian armies and cut down the great warriors of their enemies. Her consort was Onuris.

Mentu: He was a God of war and the sun from Armant in Upper Egypt. He wore three plumes on his head and carried a spear and sometimes his head was of a falcon or a bull. When he was combined with the mighty sun god he was seen as Mentu-Re with the sun disk. His companion was the local bull Buchis and his wife was Menhit.

Meret: She was the Goddess of song and rejoicing. On Meret's head was usually seen a plant from lotus flower and she often had an offering bowl in her hands which she reached up to the sky.

Meretseger - (Mert-, Mere) "She who loves silence": She was protector of the necropolis at Thebes in Upper Egypt. She was a serpent with a woman's face or a woman with a face of a standing cobra or a single scorpion with a woman's head like the goddess Selkhet.

Meskhenet (Mesenet) "birthing place": She was the goddess of birth, presided over the birthplace acting like a midwife for animals as well. She was personified by the birthing brick that the Egyptian women squatted on while giving birth. She was also depicted as a woman with a stylistic cow's uterus on her head, just like the Goddess Anit. She was also Goddess of fate and could read the destinies of children. All through infancy she guarded the babies using protective powers and she was associated with the Frog Goddess "Heqet". She also appeared in the Osiris Court in the Underworld when the heart of the deceased was being weighed before the final verdict. She was next to the scales as a human headed birthing brick where she would testify to the character of the newly dead, since she had given them their destiny when they were born.  

Min: The male divinity most closely concerned with sexuality and male virility. A son of Isis, He represents the vigour of each successive Pharoah. He was also protector for people travelling in the desert.  He is also a Patron of mines as well. He was depicted with an erected phallus and his arm lifted to a flail. Sometimes he wore two long plumes or the red royal crown of Lower Egypt.

Montu: Montu was the Falcon-headed God of war. originating in Upper Egypt, and associated with Ra. His consorts were Tjenenet, Iunyt and Rettawy ( or Raettawy). Rettawy is the female counterpart of Re, and is depicted like Hathor as a cow with a sun disk surmounting her head. He was called the "Lord of Thebes".  His chief seat of worship was  in Hermonthis. Hermonthis was the capital of the Theban nome.

Montu was portrayed as a falcon-headed man wearing a headdress consisting of the sun-disc encircled by the uraeus topped by two plumes. In his hands he would hold various weaponry, including the schimtar, bows and arrows, and knives.

Mut: Tutelary Goddess of Thebes and a parallel to Sakhmet. At times considered the consort of Amon-Ra and mother of Khonsu.  Her name meant "mother". She came to represent the Eye of Ra, the ferocious goddess of retribution and daughter of the sun god Ra. She was depicted as wearing the double crown on her head with a hair ornament like a lying golden vulture and sometimes she had a vulture's head.   

                                          Directory                                                                          Egyptian Section