Whispering Woods Crystal Grimoire

Section T:

Tantalite, Tanzanite, Tarbuttite, Tektite, Tellurium, Tenorite, Thalenite, Thomsonite, Thulite, Tiger Eye, Topaz, Tourmaline, Tremolite, Tsumebite, Tugtupite, Turquoise


                                                                           Tantalite

                                                     (Dark black, iron-black to dark brown, reddish brown)



Hardness: 6 - 6.5                  Specific Gravity: 8.0+                   

Chemistry: (Fe, Mn)(Ta, Nb)2O6, Iron Manganese Tantalum Niobium Oxide

Class: Oxides and Hydroxides                      Crystallography: Orthorhombic; 2/m 2/m 2/m           

Cleavage: good in one direction                   Fracture: subconchoidal                        Streak: brownish-red to black                                                         
Luster:  submetallic to almost resinous

 
Healing: Tantalite helps to relieve stress, irritation and discomfort. It is used to assimilate potassium and to treat arthritis, dyslexia and heart disease.

Magical Workings: Tantalite builds energy, enthusiasm and love for life. It is used to deflect and protect against negative energy. Tantalite is an excellent stone for those folks who may be exposed to excessive amounts of radiation. It provides an increase in physical endurance and emotional equilibrium.
Tantalite is associated with the astrological sign of Libra and vibrates to the number 3.

Chakra Applications: Tantalite is used to energize all of the chakras. Tantalite is especially useful for grounding the Base chakra.

Foot Notes: Tantalite is the most widespread tantalum mineral. Tantalite forms a series with the mineral columbite. Tantalite is largely found mixed with columbite in an ore called coltan.
Tantalite's greatest difference from columbite is its much greater specific gravity and the predominance of tantalum over niobium.


                                                                    Tanzanite

                                                                                    (Blue, purple)

                                   Tanzanite is named after the East African state of Tanzania.

Hardness:  6.5 to 7.0          Specific Gravity: 3.2 to 3.4                    

Chemistry: Ca2Al3Si3O12(OH) hydrated calcium aluminum silicate  

Class: Silicates                       Crystallography: orthorhombic                           Cleavage: good in one direction

Fracture: uneven to conchoidal                     Streak: white                           Luster: vitreous


Healing: Tanzanite is used to treat disorders of the skin and the eyes. It is also used to treat spinal column and is thought to be able to bring one out of a comatose state.

Magical Workings: Tanzanite is used to enhance the manifestation of ones energy work. It is also used to communicate with the spirit world. Tanzanite is used to assist empathic people in forming interpretations of the information they receive intuitively.
Tanzanite is associated with the astrological signs of Sagittarius, Gemini and Libra. It vibrates to the number 2.

Chakra Applications: Tanzanite is used to stimulate the Throat, Third Eye and Crown chakras.

Foot Notes: Tanzanite is the blue/purple variety of the mineral zoisite which was discovered in the Mererani Hills of Northern Tanzania in 1967 CE, near the city of Arusha. The only known deposit of tanzanite is a five square mile hilltop at Merelani Hills near Ausha, in Tanzania.
Tanzanite in its rough state is usually a reddish brown color. It requires artificial heat treatment to 600 °C to bring out the blue violet of the stone, and it is a rare gem. Tanzanite occurs in several habits, including prismatic, striated, and columnar.
Great care should be taken to ensure the stone will not be scratched or chipped.  Tanzanite should not be cleaned with an ultrasonic cleaner because it could shatter; use lukewarm water with a mild detergent to wash it then rinse with water of the same temperature.


                                                                        Tarbuttite

                                                     (Colorless, pale white, red, green, yellow or brown)

Tarbuttite is named after Percy Coventry Tarbutt, a Director of the Broken Hill
Exploration Company who collected some of the first specimens at Broken Hill
(now Kabwe), Zambia.

Hardness: 3.5           Specific Gravity: 4.2   

Chemistry: Zn2(PO4)(OH) Zinc Phosphate Hydroxide
 
Class: Phosphates                   Crystallography: Triclinic                          Cleavage: perfect in one direction

Fracture: brittle, uneven                                Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous, pearly


Healing: Tarbuttite is used to draw out infections. It is also used to treat zinc deficiencies and to develop proper bone structure.

Magical Workings: Tarbuttite is utilized in automatic writing and for enhancing ones ESP abilities.
Tarbuttite is associated with the astrological sign of Cancer and vibrates to the number of 2.

Chakra Applications: Tarbuttite is associated with the Third Eye chakra. 

Foot Notes: Tarbuttite is found in the oxidized zone of zinc deposits which has been subjected to phosphate rich solutions.


                                                                         Tektite

                                                                           (Black, green or colorless)

                                 The word 'Tektite' is from the Greek "tektos", meaning "molten".
                                                                        
Hardness: 5 - 6                Specific Gravity: 2.5                 Chemistry: unknown

Class: Mineraloids                     Crystallography: Amorphous                         Cleavage: none

Fracture: conchoidal                       Streak: white                          Luster: vitreous to dull


Healing: Tektite is used to lessen the effects of fever and to protect against infectious diseases. Tektite is often used in psychic surgery. It is used to treat issues involving the capillaries and blood vessels.

Magical Workings: Tektite is used to enhance one's personal energy fields. It is also used to enhance one's telepathic abilities and for psychic travel. Tektite is used to balance the yin and yang energies. It is often used as a talisman of power.
Tektites are associated with the astrological signs of Aries and Cancer and vibrates to the number 9.

Chakra Applications: Tektite is used to cleanse all of the chakras. Tektite can create a powerful energetic link between the lowest and highest chakras. When placed on the Third-Eye chakra, Tektite can enhance the integration of higher energies received from other realms. 

Foot Notes: Tektites may be fused glass that formed during an impact of a meteor with layers of rock on the Earth's surface. The odd and diverse chemistry of the tektites could be a result of meteorites hitting unique rock types with the combinations producing particular effects. Many tektites have a teardrop shape that could easily form as blobs of liquified quartz cooled in air while falling to the Earth. They are only found in four strewnfields, three of which are associated with known impact craters.
2000 years ago, the Chinese referred to tektites as the Inkstone of the Thundergod. Australian aborigines refer to them as Mabon, or "magic" and believed that finding one woud bring good luck. In India, they are known as the Sacred Gem of Krishna.


                                                                      Tellurium

                                                                                         (Silvery)

Tellurium was discovered by Baron Franz Muller von Reichenstein in 1783 CE. Martin
H. Klaproth isolated the element and named it in 1798 CE. The element name comes
from the Latin word "tellus", meaning earth.


Hardness: 2.3                    Specific Gravity: 6.24                      Chemistry: Te

Class: Native Elements                    Crystallography: Trigonal - Trapezohedral                          Cleavage: good

Fracture: brittle                                Streak: dark grey                         Luster: metallic


Healing: Tellurium is used to treat pneumonia and as a purgative and a cathartic.

Magical Workings: Tellerium is used to facilitate astral projection. It is also used to soften one's emotions.      Tellurium is associated with the astrological signs of Capricorn and Aquarius and vibrates to the number 5.

Chakra Applications: Tellurium is used in association with the Third Eye chakra.

Foot Notes: Tellerium is a rare metalloid and very toxic and teratogenic (can cause harm to developing embryos). Tellurium is in the same chemical family as oxygen, sulfur, selenium, and polonium. 
Tellurium is often used as an additive to steel and it is often alloyed to aluminum, copper, lead or tin.



                                                                           Tenorite

                                                                                           (Gray, Black)

       Tenorite was named for the Italian botanist Michele Tenore (1780-1861 CE)
       Professor of Botany, University of Naples.

Hardness: 3.5                      Specific Gravity: 6.5                     Chemistry: CuO

Class: Oxides                              Crystallography: Monoclinic                          Cleavage: none

Fracture: conchoidal                       Streak: black                         Luster: metallic


Healing: Tenorite is used to treat the spleen. It is also used to enhance the release of endorphins. Tenorite is used to assimilate zinc within the body and to ameliorate hair loss.

Magical Workings: Tenorite is used to stimulate the healing energies of the earth. It is a very calming stone. And as such is very useful in group endeavors. It is also said to help with relationships on the physical plane.
Tenorite is associated with the astrological sign  of Capricorn and vibrates to the number 7.

Chakra Applications: Tenorite is used to stimulate and ground the Base chakra.

Foot Notes: Tenorite occurs in the weathered or oxidized zone associated with deeper primary copper sulfide ore bodies. It is an ore of copper and cupric oxide. Melaconite, the massive variety, is common as earthy deposits in the oxidized zone of copper lodes.


                                                                         Thalenite

                                                                             (Pink, brownish green, brown)

              Thalenite is named for Tobins Robert Thalen (1827-1905 CE), Swedish physicist.

Hardness: 6 - 6.5              Specific Gravity: 4.2                     Chemistry: Y3Si3O10(OH)

Class: Sorosilicate                              Crystallography: Monoclinic                           Cleavage: none

Fracture: brittle, conchoidal                                 Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous


Healing: Thalenite is used in the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections. It is also used in the treatment of alcoholism and drug related addictions. Thalenite is also used to remove toxins from the body.

Magical Workings: Thalenite is vry useful in allaying one's anger and reducing stress.
Thalenite is associated with the astrological sign of Scorpio and vibrates to the number of 4.

Chakra Applications: unknown

Foot Notes: Thalenite-Y is a rare mineral found as pinkish, greenish or brownish grains in complex pegmatites.


                                                                   Thomsonite

                                                                          (Clear, white and yellow)

                 Thomsonite is named after the Scottish chemist, T. Thomson (1773-1852 CE).

Hardness: 5 - 5.5          Specific Gravity: 2.2 - 2.4                    

Chemistry: 2(Ca, Na2)Al4Si4O16.5H2O Hydrated sodium calcium aluminum silicate

Class: Silicates                              Crystallography: Orthorhombic                          Cleavage: perfect

Fracture: uneven                         Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous


Healing: Thomsonite is utilized to lower the heat of fevers. It is also used to treat cysts and oral fungus and to stimulate the thymus. Thomsonite is used to induce mental clarity. 

Magical Workings: Thomsonite produces an incentive to realize one's dreams without restraint. Thomsonite offers protection against treachery and laziness.
Thomsonite is associated with the astrological sign of Gemini and vibrates to the number of 3.

Chakra Applications: Thomsonite promotes a strong connection between the physical and ethereal bodies.

Foot Notes: Thomsonite is the name of a series of tecto-silicate minerals of the zeolite group. Prior to 1997 CE, thomsonite was recognized as a mineral species, but a reclassification in 1997 by the International Mineralogical Association changed it to a series name. Thomsonite occurs with other zeolites in the amygdaloidal cavities of basaltic volcanic rocks, and occasionally in granitic pegmatites. It is one of the rarest zeolites.


                                                                        
                                                                          Thulite
                                                                   
                                                                       (Colorless, greenish, yellow, white, pink)

    Thulite is named after "Thule", the ancient name of Scandinavia (and mythical island).

Hardness: 5 - 5.5                   Specific Gravity: 2.3 - 2.4                    

Chemistry: NaCa2Al5Si5O20•6(H2O)

Class: Tectosilicate Zeolite                  Crystallography: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal                      Cleavage: perfect

Fracture: conchoidal                         Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous


Healing: Thulite is used in the treatment of calcium deficiencies. It is also used in the treatment of intestinal issues. Thulite is used to treat eating disorders including anorexia and bulemia. Thulite is also used to treat issues dealing with  heart disease, and lung issues. It is also of benefit in issues dealing with asthma and bronchitis in children.

Magical Workings: Thulite is an excellent stone for meditation, It enhances the senses, and can help block undesired astral and mental influences. It is a great stone for grounding and balance, especiallyfor those in the position of an employee or servant. Thulite, when worn as a amulet is a great healing stone. It aids understanding and healing the pains and illnesses caused by a lack of nurturing and/or abuse.
Thulite is associated with the astrological signs of Taurus and Gemini and vibrates to the number 5.

Chakra Applications: Thulite is associated with the Root and Heart chakras.

Foot Notes: Thulite was first discovered in Norway in 1820 CE. Thulite (sometimes called rosaline) is an opaque, massive pink manganese bearing variety of the mineral zoisite. Thulite is the national stone of Norway.


                                                                  
                                                                       Tiger's Eye                                                                        
                                                                      (Yellow brown)    

Hardness: 7                     Specific Gravity: 2.6                       Chemistry: SiO2

Class: Quartz                      Crystallography: Trigonal                          Cleavage: none

Fracture: Splintery to conchoidal                       Streak: yellow - brown                         Luster: vitreous


Healing: Tiger's Eye relieves high blood pressure. Tiger's Eye is also used to treat bronchial issues, asthma, kidney, rheumatic and heart disease issues.

Magical Workings: Roman soldiers once wore Tiger's Eye for protection in battle. Tiger's Eye is used for focusing the mind, it is thought to be all seeing due to its unique appearance.. It is said that Tiger's Eye offers protection during travel, strengthens convictions and confidence. A personal symbol carved in Tiger's Eye is excellent for use in meditation. It is used to enhance one's psychic abilities.
Tiger's Eye is associated with the astrological sign of Capricorn and vibrates to the number 4.

Chakra Applications: Tiger's Eye is used to attune the Third Eye chakra. It is also used to energize the Base chakra and to open the Solar Plexus chakra.

Foot Notes: Tiger's eye is quartz that contains oriented fibres of crocidolite that have been replaced by silica. During volcanic events, the fibrous asbestos is replaced by iron-bearing quartz called limonite.  Quartz is the most common mineral on earth and makes up to 12% of the earth’s crust.
Tiger's Eye is the anniversary gemstone for the 9th year of marriage.
Protect tiger eye from scratches and sharp blows. Also avoid large temperature changes.



                                                                                              Topaz

                                 (Clear, blue, brown, orange, gray, yellow, green, pink and reddish pink)

                   The name "Topaz" isfrom the Greek "Topazion", an island in the Red Sea.

Hardness: 8          Specific Gravity: 3. 49 – 3.57                 Chemistry: Al2SiO4(F,OH)2

Class: Nesosilicate Insular SiO4 Groups                   Crystallography: Orthorhombic                   

Cleavage: perfect                      Fracture: conchoidal                                Streak: white                        

Luster: glassy


Healing:  Topaz stimulates the endocrine system and is used to treat isues related to disorders of the liver and gall bladder . It assists in general tissue regeneration and is valuable in the treatment of hemorrhages. It also allays poor appetite and helps to treat blood disorders.

Magical Workings: In ancient times, a figure of a falcon carved on a Topaz was thought to help earn the goodwill of kings, princes and magnates. Topaz was seen as a Stone of Strength by the ancient Greeks. Topaz was also said to change color in the presence of poisoned food or drink. 
Topaz balances emotions and calms passions. It releases tension and gives feelings of joy. Topaz is known as a spiritual rejuvenation gemstone. It is a stone of trust and protection; it draws out negativity, exhaustion, and tension. 
It is also used to stimulate the intellect; it aids abstract thinking and creativity from the mental level to the physical form.
Topaz is said to be greatly empowered when combined with amethyst.
Topaz is associated with the astrological sign of Sagittarius and vibrates to the number of 6.

Chakra Applications: Topaz is used to stimulate the Throat chakra.

Foot Notes: Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine.  It typically crystallizes in granitic pegmatites or in vapor cavities in rhyolite lava flows. Topaz crystals with more water are yellow to brown, while those with more fluorine are typically blue or colorless. Many of the faceted gemstones one see's on the market are enhanced through heat or irradiation.
Topaz along with Citrine are birthstones of Scorpio: Oct. 24 - Nov. 21. Topaz is the anniversary gemstone for the 4th and 19th year of marriage.


                                                                    Tourmaline
              
              (Colorless, pink, brown, red, yellow, green, blue, black, violet, multi-colored)

          The name tourmaline comes from the Singhalese words "tura mali" meaning
          something like "stone with mixed colours".

Hardness: 7.5           Specific Gravity: 2.82 - 3.32                     

Chemistry: (Na,Ca)(Mg,Li,Al,Fe2+)3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4

Class: Silicates; Cyclosilicates; Tourmaline Group                Crystallography: Trigonal                   Cleavage: indistinct

Fracture: uneven                     Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous


Healing: Tourmaline is used in the treatment of infectious diseases, anxiety, blood poisoning, arthritis and heart disease.

Magical Workings: Tourmalines are said to enhance one's understanding, increase self-confidence and amplify one's psychic energies. They also are said to neutralize negative energies, dispell fear and grief, and to aid in concentration and communication.
In general, Tourmaline is associated with the astrological sign of Gemini and vibrates to the number 2.

Chakra Applications: because of its many colors, Tourmaline is used to cleanse and open all of the chakras.

Foot Notes: Tourmaline is often to as referred to as the "gemstone of the rainbow". It is the most multicolored mineral type known, occurring in virtually every color of the spectrum. Tourmalines are found almost all over the world.
Protect tourmaline from scratches and sharp blows and large temperature changes.
For many years, tourmaline was known in Europe as "aschentrekker" (ash puller) as the stone was used by the Dutch to pull the ash out of their meerschaum tobacco pipes.



                                                                    Tremolite

                       (Colorless, white, grey, light yellow, lavender, pink, light green, brown)

       Tremolite was named by J.G.A. Hopfner for the Tremola valley (Val Tremola),
       Central St Gotthard Massif, Switzerland.

Hardness: 5 - 6          Specific Gravity: 2.99 - 3.03                     

Chemistry: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)5Si8O22(OH)2 Calcium Magnesium Silicate Hydroxide

Class: Silicates                         Crystallography: Monoclinic                           Cleavage: perfect in two directions

Fracture: uneven                       Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous


Healing: Tremolite is used to treat asthma, bronchitis and emphysema. Tremolite is used to treat calcium and magnesium deficiencies. And it helps the body to assimilate these minerals. Tremolite is used to stabilize bouts of nervousness and the shakes.
Do not make an elixir of this crystal due to its asbestos content.

Magical Workings: Tremolite is an excellent meditation stone, it helps one to maintain focus and to expand one's conciousness. Tremolite is used to enhace the focus of one's energy work (magic). It is used as a stabilizing and balancing force.
Tremolite is associated with the astrological signs of Pices, Scorpio, Libra and Gemini. It vibrates to the number 9.

Chakra Applications: Tremolite is used to open the third Eye chakra.

Foot Notes: Tremolite is an important temperature indicator for petrologists. Because at high temperatures tremolite is unstable and will convert to diopside. Tremolite is a fibrous mineral, one of those which were given the commercial name asbestos. These materials are silicates which contain magnesium and iron.


                                                             
                                                                  Tsumebite

                                                                                (Emerald-green)

                Tsumebite was named after the locality of discovery, Tsumeb, Namibia.

Hardness: 3.5                  Specific Gravity: 6.13         

Chemistry: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH) Lead Copper Phosphate Sulfate Hydroxide

Class: Phosphate                     Crystallography: Monoclinic                          Cleavage: none

Fracture: uneven                          Streak: green                         Luster: adamantine, vitreous


Healing: Tsumebite is used to treat digestive issues and to treat issues of the heart and circulatory system.

Magical Workings: Tsumebite is associated with the astrological sign of Gemini and vibrates to the Master number 33.

Chakra Applications: Tsumebite is used to stimulate the Heart chakra.

Foot Notes: Tsumebite is a rare phosphate mineral named in 1912 CE after the locality where it was first found. It is a rare secondary mineral in the oxidized zone of some arsenic-bearing deposits.


                                                                            Tugtupite

                                                                          (White, pink, crimson, blue, green)

                   Tugtupite is derived from the Greenlandic Inuit word for reindeer (tuttu), and means
                   "reindeer blood."

Hardness: 4          Specific Gravity: 2.36                     Chemistry: Na4AlBeSi4O12Cl

Class: Tectosilicate                     Crystallography: Tetragonal - Disphenoidal                          Cleavage: imperfect

Fracture: uneven                                Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous - greasy


Healing: Tugtupite is used to heal the heart and nervous system. It is also used to purify blood, to stimulate hormone production, and to increase fertility. Tugtupite is also used to relieve motion sickness.

Magical Workings: Legend has it that lovers can cause the stone to glow fiery red just from the heat of their romance. Tugtupite (also known as the reindeer stone) is an emotional stone, it can protect one from negative energy by wearing or carrying the stone.
Tugtupite is said to strengthen romantic relationships, and expand one's love and sexual experiences.
Tugtupite is associated with the astrological sign of Leo and vibrates to the number 4.

Chakra Applications: Tugtupite is used to stimulate the Heart chakra. It is among the most powerful stones for opening the heart. It is also used to open and energize the Third Eye, Throat and Crown chakras. It is also helpful for removing energy blockages, and to clear the aura. 

Foot Notes: Tugtupite was discovered in 1957 CE close to the town of Narsaq and to date has only been found in two other areas, Mt. St. Hilaire (Canada) and the Kola Peninsula (Russia). Tugtupite is a rare beryllium aluminium tectosilicate. When tugtupite is first mined, it can be pink or white in color. Only upon exposure to ultraviolet light will the color deepen. Over time, this color will fade and can be "recharged" by exposure to UV light once again.



                                                               Turquoise

                                                                            (Blue - green)

     The name turquoise may have come from the word "Turquie", French for Turkey,
     because of the early belief that the mineral came from that country.

Hardness: 5 - 6                  Specific Gravity: 2.6 - 2.8                    

Chemistry: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8*5(H2O), Hydrated Copper Aluminum Phosphate

Class: Phosphates                    Crystallography: Triclinic                  Cleavage: perfect in two directions

Fracture: conchoidal and smooth                      Streak: white with a greenish tint                         Luster: dull to waxy


Healing: Turquoise aids in the absorption of nutrients, enhances the immune system, stimulates the regeneration of tissue, and aids in healing the entire body.  It contains anti-inflammatory and detoxifying effects, and alleviates cramps and pain.  Turquoise purifies lungs, soothes and clears sore throats, and assists in healing the eyes, including cataracts. It neutralizes overacidity, and is of benefit to those with rheumatism, gout, stomach problems, and viral infections.

Magical Workings: Turquoise is an excellent stone for drawing out negative vibrations from a person. It is best to place it at the feet or worn inside the sock for this purpose. As such it is an excellent grounding stone.
Turquoise is used to promote honest and clear communication from the heart. Therefore it is an excellent stone for those in Public Speaking.
It is also said to protect against pollution in the environment. Turquoise  is excellent for depression and exhaustion, and it also has the power to prevent panic attacks.
Turquoise is often used in astral projection as it maintains a connection between the physical and spiritual self.
Turquoise is used to create rain by throwing it into a stream or holding it under water.
Turquoise is associated with the astrological signs of Sagittarius, Pisces and Scorpio. It vibrates to the number 1.

Chakra Applications: Turquoise is used to align all of the chakras. It is used primarily to stimulate the Throat, Heart and Naval chakras.

Foot Notes: Pliny referred to Turquoise as "callais" and the Aztecs knew it as "chalchihuitl". The Egyptians valued Turquoise as a "Life Stone". The oldest pieces of jewelry set with this gem are four bracelets found on the mummified arm of Queen Zar. She ruled in Egypt about 5500 BCE.
Turquoise forms by the action of percolating acidic aqueous solutions during the weathering and oxidation of pre-existing minerals.Turquoise is insoluble in all but heated hydrochloric acid. Climate factors appear to play an important role as turquoise is typically found in arid regions. Turquoise is nearly always cryptocrystalline and massive and assumes no definite external shape.




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