Whispering Woods Crystal Grimoire

Crystal Section S 

Salesite, Sapphire, Sardonyx, Scapolite, Seamanite, Selenite, Serandite, Serpentine, Siderite, Sillimantite, Silver,Simpsonite, Smithsonite, Smoky Quartz, Sodalite, Spangolite, Sphalerite, Spinel, Staurolite, Stibnite,  Sugilite, Sulpher, Sunstone



                                                                       Salesite

                                                                                          (Bluish Green)

Salesite is named for Mr. Reno H. Sales, the Chief Geologist of the Anaconda
Copper Mining Company of Chile.

Hardness: 3                Specific Gravity: 4.77                       Chemistry: Cu(IO3)(OH)

Class: Iodates - Hydroxyl or Halogen               Crystallography: Orthorhombic                   Cleavage: perfect

Fracture: brittle                              Streak: light green                                 Luster: vitreous


Healing: Salesite is used to treat dehydration and water retention issues. It is also used to assist in the assimilation of vitamins A and C. Saleslite is used to alleviate headaches as well.

Magical Workings: Salesite is known as the "Merchant's stone". It is quite useful for those in such professions. It is also an excellent stone for artists, for it enahnces creativity. It is often used in sweat lodges to cast out negativity. Salesite is associated with the astrological sign of Gemini and vibrates to the number of 9.

Chakra Applications: None

Foot Notes: Salesite is found in oxidized copper ore. Salesite is insoluble in water but is easily soluble in nitric acid. The residue left after heating on charcoal is readily reduced to metallic copper.



                                                                      Sapphire                                                                   

                                       (Sapphires may be all colors except red. If it is red it is called a ruby)

                 The name Sapphire comes from the Sanskrit "sanipriya" (dear to the planet Saturn).

Hardness: 9               Specific Gravity: 3.9 - 4.1                  Chemistry: Al2O3 - Aluminum Oxide

Class: Corundum                      Crystallography: Hexagonal                       Cleavage: none

Fracture: uneven, conchoidal                               Streak: white                                Luster: vitreous


Healing: It is said that wearing a necklace of sapphires will cure a sore throat. Sapphire is used to treat blood disorders such as excessive bleeding and to thicken vein walls. Sapphire is the most effective healing stone for the nervous system. It also aids in regulating the function of the thyroid gland. 

Magical Workings: Sapphire is used to dispel bad feelings and to enlighten one's mood, it is a crystal of harmony and peace.
It is often called the "Stone of Prosperity". Sapphire is an excellent stone for meditation. Star Sapphire is used as protection from the evil eye.
The Blue Sapphire is traditionally associated with purity and love.
Yellow Sapphire attracts wealth and brings prosperity to the home.
The Black Sapphire provides centering, protection and grounding.
The White Sapphire is an extremely protective gem.
The Indigo Sapphire enhances psychic awareness. It eliminates negative energies from the aura.
The Green Sapphire improves internal and external vision and helps you to remember dreams.
India considered it to be the stone of Saturn, and believed it to be a portal to the heavenly realms.
Sapphire is thought to be one of the stones on the breastplate of the Hebrew High Priest.
Sapphire is associated with the astrological signs of Virgo, Libra and Sagittarius. It vibrates to the number of 2, though Sapphires of different colors will vibrate to different numbers.

Chakra Applications: The Blue Sapphire is traditionally associated with purity and love. It opens and heals the thyroid and the throat chakra and has a calming and balancing effect on the nervous system.
Yellow Sapphire is associated with the Solar Plexus chakra.
The Black Sapphire is associated with the Base Chakra.
The Pink Sapphire clears emotional blockages bringing peace and unconditional love. It is associated with the Heart chakra.
The White Sapphire is associated with the Crown chakra.
The Indigo Sapphire is associated with the Third Eye chakra.
The Green Sapphire is known as the "Stone of Fidelity", and stimulates the Heart chakra.

Foot Notes: Sapphire is the birthstone for September. It is also a 45th Anniversary gemstone.
Sapphire is the non-red variety of corundum, and the second hardest natural mineral known to mankind. Many Sapphire deposits are the remains of metamorphic or igneous veins of granite and marble weathered away into stream beds and mountain valleys.
An ancient Persian myth tells of a giant blue sapphire that Mother Earth rests upon, and that the sky is the reflection of this massive blue crystal.


                                                                                                              Sardonyx

                                                                                 (Reddish brown with black and white stripes)

   The word Sardonyx is derived from the Greek, "Sard" (reddish brown)  and onyx (veined gem).

Hardness: 7                Specific Gravity: 2.65                Chemistry: SiO2 Silicon dioxide

Class: Silica                      Crystallography: Trigonal                       Cleavage: poor

Fracture: Very brittle, conchoidal                               Streak: white                               Luster: vitreous


Healing: Sardonyx is used to heal the lungs and bones.  It regulates fluids and cell metabolism and it strengthens the immune system.

Magical Workings: Sardonyx is a stone of protection and strength. It is used to protect against bites, stings, pain, infections and poison. Sardonyx is a good stone to wear when engaged in legal matters. It is used to bring lasting happiness and stability to partnerships. Sardonyx encourages stability and confidence and is used to ease depression.
Sardonyx was once used as protection againsyt the Evil Eye.
Sardonyx was one of the stones used in the breastplate of the Hebrew High Priest.
Sardonyx is associated with the astrological sign of Aries and it vibrates to the number 3.

Chakra Applications: Sardonyx is associated with the Base chakra.

Foot Notes: Sardonyx is a variety of the silica mineral called chalcedony. Sardonyx stones usually contain flat-banded, white and brownish-red bands.
Roman soldiers wore sardonyx talismans to guard from evil and bring good fortune.
The Egyptians wore scarabs carved of sardonyx for good luck.
Sardonyx is the traditional birthstone for August.


                                                                                        
                                                                                       Scapolite

                                                              (White, Gray, Pale brown, Pink, Yellow)

                            Scapolite is named from the Greek "skapos" (rod) and "lithos" (stone).

Hardness: 6              Specific Gravity: 2.5 - 2.7            Chemistry: (Na,Ca)4[Al3Si9O24]Cl

Class: Silicate                      Crystallography: Tectosilicate                  Cleavage: distinct

Fracture: splintery - thin                              Streak: white                                Luster: vitreous


Healing: Scapolite is used in many eye related issues such as cataracts, glaucoma, dyslexia and incontinence. It is used to aid in recovering from surgical operations. Scapolite is also used in the assimilation of calcium.

Magical Workings: Scapolite is used as a stone for problem solving and achievement. It is used to bring peace of mind and to calm one's emotions and aids with self-discipline and willpower. 
Scapolite is associated with the astrological sign of Taraus and vibrates to the number of 1.

Chakra Applications: Yellow Scapolite aids the attainment of prosperity by way of the Solar Plexus chakra.
Purple Scapolite works with the Crown chakra, Soul Star chakra and higher etheric chakras, and aids with psychic knowledge and communication with spirit guides. Blue Scapolite works with the Throat chakra and Third Eye chakra and assists with psychic powers. Pink Scapolite is associated with the Thymus and Heart chakras.

Foot Notes: Scapolite forms in metamorphic rocks from the alteration of plagioclase feldspars. Scapolite, which is Greek for "shaft", is commonly found in stubby to long prismatic crystals.


                                                               
                                                                    Seamanite
                                                                                         
                                                        (Yellow, Yellow brown, Light pink)

          Seamanite is It is named in honor for Professor Arthur E. Seaman of Michigan
          Technological University who discovered it.



Hardness: 4                Specific Gravity:                        Chemistry: Mn3(PO4)B(OH)6

Class: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal                      Crystallography: Orthorhombic                       Cleavage: distinct

Fracture: brittle                              Streak: white                               Luster: vitreous


Healing: Seamanite is used to assimilate iron within the body. Topically it is a good elixir for dried skin. Seamanite is used to assist in the healing of fratured bones and in the treatment of rickets and scurvy. It is also useful in treating depression. 

Magical Workings: Seamanite is associated with the astrological sign of Scorpio and vibrates to the Master Number 33.

Chakra Applications: none

Foot Notes: Seamanite is a very rare manganese boron phosphate, first discovered in Michigan under the name "koenigite". Seamanite occurs as small acicular crystals in the crevices of a badly fractured and highly ferruginous
siliceous rock.


                                                                         Selenite

                                             (White to colourless, and transparent to translucent)

      Selenite comes from the Greek “selenites” (moon stone) with the root word “Selene” meaning “Moon”.

Hardness: 2                Specific Gravity: 2.3                       Chemistry: (CaSO4·2H2O) Hydrated Calcium Sulphate



Class: Sulphates                      Crystallography: Monoclinic, 2/m                      Cleavage: vitreous to pearly

Fracture: good in one direction, distinct in two others                Streak: white               Luster: vitreous to pearly


Healing: Selenite is referred to as "scanners,"it is said to have the ability to scan the body for disease or malfunction, pinpointing what areas may need attention. Selenite is used to correct deformities of the skeletal system. It is also used to treat epilepsy. The use of Selenite is thought to extend one's life.

Magical Workings: Selenite is associated with the Greek Goddess Selene, Selenite contains feminine energy and is often used to connect and commune with the Divine, especially goddess energy. It is known as the "Stone of Mental Clarity".
Selenite is one of two minerals (the other being Apophyllite) that are strong enough to clear negative energies from Quartz.
Selenite can be used for scrying into both the past, present and future.  Past life regressions are also assisted with the use of this crystal.
Selenite is associated with the astrological sign of Taurus and vibrates to the number 8.

Chakra Applications: Selenite is associated with the Third Eye and Crown chakras. It is used to open the Third Eye chakra. Selenite is used to remove blockages up and down the sushumna.

Foot Notes: Selenite is an alternate name for the mineral Gypsum. Selenite is usually found in massive beds of tabular or block crystal form.  These sedimentary deposits are formed through a hastened acceleration of evaporating saline water, and in the process may retain trapped bubbles of either air or water called “enhydros”.
Selenite is a natural insulator and will appear much warmer to the touch than other crystals.



                                                                            Serandite

                                                                         (Light brown, Light pink, Orange red)

                           Serandite is named for J. M. Serand, a West African mineral collector.

Hardness: 4.5 - 5.5                    Specific Gravity: 3.2         

Chemistry:  Na(Mn++,Ca)2Si3O8(OH)                    Class: Silicates                 

Crystallography: triclinic; bar 1                Cleavage: perfect in two directions at close to right angles              

Fracture: splintery                     Streak: white                          Luster: vitreous - pearly


Healing: Serandite is used to assimilate manganese and calcium. It is also used to balance sodium levels in the body.

Magical Workings: Serandite is worn to make one feel less vengeful and envious towards others. It is very useful in promoting harmony.
Serandite is associated with the astrological sign of Virgo and vibrates to the number 5.

Chakra Applications: unknown

Foot Notes: Serandite forms a series with the mineral pectolite, the structures are similar but serandite has a significant percentage of manganese ions which substitute for a portion of the calciums in the pectolite. It is the manganese ions which cause the pink color of serandite.
Serandite is made from the elements Sodium, Calcium, Manganese, Silicon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.



                                                                             Serpentine

                                                                      (olive green, yellow or golden, brown, or black)

Hardness: 3 - 4.5                Specific Gravity:  2.2 - 2.6                     

Chemistry: (Mg,Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4, Magnesium Iron Silicate Hydroxide

Class: Silicates                      Crystallography: variable (monoclinic, trigonal and hexagonal, orthorhombic)                      

Cleavage: the varieties of crysotile have none, in lizardite and antigorite it is good in one direction

Fracture: conchoidal in antigorite and lizardite and splintery in the crysotiles                             

Streak: white                   Luster: greasy, waxy or silky


Healing: Serpentine is used to treat cardiac irregularities, stomach and bowel issues, kidney disorders, and menstrual problems. It is worn or placed directly on the skin to help women with menstrual issues, such as pain and cramps, it is used to help regulate the milk flow when one is lactating. Serpentine is also used to treat headaches, high blood pressure, colds, inflammatory processes in kidneys and digestive system and eliminates nervousness.

Magical Workings: The Romans used Serpentine as protection against sorcery and the dark arts. It is said that to dream of Serpentine symbolizes that someone near you will do something treacherous. It is an excellent meditation stone.
Placing Serpentine  in the corners of one's house will restore piece and harmony.
Serpentine is thought to be an antidote for snake poison.
Serpentine is one of the crystals in the breastplate of the Hebrew High Priest.
Serpintine is associated with the astrological sign of Gemini and vibrates to the number 8.

Chakra Applications: Serpentine is associated with the Solar Plexus and Heart chakras. Serpentine is also used to raise Kundalini energy. Placing Serpentine at the Crown chakra is conductive to moving the Kundalini energy. Wearing Serpentine is thought to clear cloudy Chakras.

Foot Notes: Serpentine is actually a general name applied to several members of a polymorphic group. These minerals have essentially the same chemistry but different structures. The following is a list of these minerals, their formulas and symmetry class:
Antigorite; (Mg,Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4; monoclinic.
Clinochrysotile; Mg3Si2O5(OH)4; monoclinic.
Lizardite; Mg3Si2O5(OH)4; trigonal and hexagonal.
Orthochrysotile; Mg3Si2O5(OH)4; orthorhombic.
Parachrysotile; (Mg,Fe)3Si2O5(OH)4; orthorhombic.
It is thought that this stone earned it's name from the word "serpent" as it's coloring resembles the skin of a snake.
Within the Christisn beliefs, it is said that Adam choked on the forbidden apple when he tasted it. When he spat it out, it turned into Serpentine .



                                                                       Siderite

                       (gray, yellow, yellowish brown, greenish-brown, reddish brown and brown)

                                         Siderite is named for the Greek word for iron, "sideros".


Hardness: 3.75-4.25                   Specific Gravity: 3.8        

Chemistry: FeCO3, Iron Carbonate

Class: Carbonate                 Crystallography: Hexagonal                    Cleavage: perfect in 3 directions forming rhombs

Fracture: conchoidal to uneven                        Streak: White                      Luster: Vitreous


Healing: Siderite is used for those who are bed/house bound. It also is useful for creating positive energy in such conditions. It is used to stimulate the assimilation of calcium, iron and magnesium within the body.

Magical Workings: Siderite falls under the sign of Aquarius. And it vibrates to the Master Number of 44.

Chakra Applications: Siderite is an excellent stone for aligning the Meridians and all of the Chakras.

Foot Notes: Siderite is a iron mineral that contains 48% iron and contains no sulfur or phosphorus. Siderite is roughly the equivalent of calcite but with iron replacing the calcium. Siderite and calcite can form similar crystal habits, although siderite is far less diverse.



                                                                   Sillimanite

                                     (Bluish, Brownish greenish, Colorless, Gray, Gray green)

            Sillimanite is named after the American chemist Benjamin Silliman (1779-1864).
                           Silliman was the founder of the American Journal of Science .

Hardness: 7             Specific Gravity: 3.24               Chemistry: Al2SiO5 Aluminum Silicate

Class: Silicates                      Crystallography: Orthorhombic; 2/m2/m2/m                      Cleavage: perfect

Fracture: splintery, thin                              Streak: white                                Luster: vitreous


Healing: Stillimanite is used to treat lung disorders and to enhance breathing. Stillimanite assists in assimilating foreign objects placed within the body. It helps to reduce sinus inflammation. It is also good for regeneration from atrophy and preserving the pituitary gland for mental accuity.

Magical Workings: Sillimanite is associated with the astrological sign of Ares and it vibrates to the number of 6.

Chakra Applications: Stillimanite is used to energize and align all of the chakras.

Foot Notes: Sillimanite is also called Bucholzite. It is a polymorph; which in turn is a mineral that shares the same chemistry but a different crystal structure with one or more minerals. Sillimanite is the rarest of the three trimorphs. It is a polymorph in combination with kyanite and andalusite.
Since 1977 CE, Sillimanite has been the official state mineral of Delaware.



                                                                 Silver

                                                                          (Silver, White)

The chemical symbol, Ag, is an abbreviation of the Latin word for silver, "argentum.

Hardness: 2.5 - 3                Specific Gravity: 10.5                       Chemistry: Ag

Class: Native elements            Crystallography: Isometric                   Cleavage: none

Fracture: jagged                    Streak: silver-white                                Luster: metallic


Healing: Silver is worn to boost one's immunity. It is used to treat infectious diseases, like hepatitis or the flu. Silver compounds were used successfully to prevent infection in World War 1. Silver is also used to assimilate the vitamins A and E.

Magical Workings: Silver is an excellent stone for astral projection for it provides the silver cord between the physical and astral bodies. Silver assists in increased perception and helps to regulate the emotional and intuitive energies. It is used to enhance one's psychic abilities. Silver is used to channel the energies of the Moon. This energy is then used to energize other crystals.
Silver is an excellent stone to carry for those involved in public speaking, for it enhances communication.
Silver is associated with the astrological signs of Cancer and Aquarius and vibrates to the number 4.

Chakra Applications: Silver is associated with the 12th chakra. The 12th chakra is where a connection to the Monadic level of divinity is made.

Foot Notes: The largest piece of native Silver ever found is a specimen that weighed 844 pounds that was found near Aspen Colorado. It is thought that humankind learned to seperate silver from lead circa 3000 BCE.
Silver is a soft, ductile, malleable, lustrous metal. It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals.


                                                                            Simpsonite
      
                                                                        (Yellow, light brown or colourless, gray)

Simpsonite is named after Edward Sydney Simpson (1875-1939), government mineralogist and
analyst of Western Australia.

Hardness: 7 - 71/2                Specific Gravity:                    Chemistry: Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F) 

Class: Oxides                      Crystallography: Trigonal                     Cleavage: none

Fracture: vitreous                   Streak: white                                Luster: adamantine, dull


Healing: Si mpsonite is used to treat the lymph glands. It is also used to enhance resistance to infections and the flu. 

Magical Workings: When worn, Simpsonite is a stone of charm, kindness and positive happenings. Simpsonite is associated with the asrological sign of libra and vibrates to the number 4.

Chakra Applications: Simpsonite is used to activate all of the chakras. It is particulary used to stimulate the Crown chakra and to cleanse the aura.

Foot Notes: Simpsonite is found as an accessory mineral in some tantalum-rich granite pegmatites. It is found in a few locations around the world, notably in the Onca and Paraiba mines of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil and at Tabba Tabba, Western Australia.



                                                                           Smithsonite

(White, grey, yellow, green to apple-green, blue, pink, purple, bluish grey, and brown)

           Smithsonite was named after the British chemist and mineralogist,
        James Smithson in 1832 CE. He is the founder of the Smithsonian institute.

Hardness: 4 - 41/2                Specific Gravity:                        Chemistry:

Class: Calcite                      Crystallography:                       Cleavage: very good

Fracture:                               Streak: white                                Luster:


Healing: Smithsonite is used in the treatment of the lymph glands. It is also used to enhance the resistance to infection and to relieve fevers. It is also used to treat alcoholism, sinus problems and digestive ailments.

Magical Workings: Smithsonite heals emotional and other wounds by bringing in universal love, gently releasing fear, anger and pain. Smithsonite is considered to be an excellent emotional healer. It is an excellent stone for relieving stress. Smithsonite is used to enhance one's psychic abilities.
Smithsonite is associated with the astrological sign of Libra and vibrates to the number 4.

Chakra Applications: Smithsonite is used to energize all of the chakras.

Foot Notes: Smithsonite was formerly called Bonamite. It was also called Calamine at one time.                      Smithsonite rarely occurs in visible crystals. The only two locations to produce large crystals of significance are Tsumeb, Namibia, and Broken Hill, Zambia. Virtually all other findings of this mineral are in globular or botryoidal-like forms. Smithsonite was the principal source of zinc until the 1880s, when it was replaced by sphalerite. Smithsonite is essentially zinc carbonate, but the zinc may be partially replaced with other elements.



                                                                      Smoky Quartz

                                                                                         (Black, brown)

The name quartz comes from the Saxon word "querklufterz" which meant cross
vein ore.

Hardness: 7                Specific Gravity: 2.65                       Chemistry: SiO 2

Class: Tectosilicate             Crystallography: Trigonal                   Cleavage: none

Fracture: conchoidal                          Streak: white                       Luster: vitreous


Healing: Smokey Quartz helps to relieve depression. It is also used to increase fertility, to help remove toxins from the body, and to aid the proper functioning of the kidneys, adrenals, pancreas and sex organs.

Magical Workings: Smoky quartz is an excellent stone for relationships. Smokey Quartz is a grounding stone that transmutes negative energies and facilitates your ability to get things done in the practical world. It is also a stone of protection for it enhances ones survival instincts. It enhances organizational skills and is good to have around in the workplace or home office. Smoky quartz is used to alleviate stress and transform fear, anger and other negative emotions into positive energies. Smoky quartz is also an excellent stone to carry when looking to make a wish come true. And it is a great stone to use when meditating. 
Smokey quartz is associated with the astrological signs of Capricorn and Sagitarius. It vibrates to the numbers 2 and 8.

Chakra Applications: Smoky quartz is used to stimulate kundalini energy. It is also used to cleanse the aura and astral bodies. It is primarily associated with the Root chakra.

Foot Notes: Smoky quartz is a popular variety of quartz, it is subdivided into:
Cairngorm is a variety that comes from the Cairngorm Mountains in Scotland.
Morion, a very dark black opaque variety of smoky quartz.
Coon tail quartz is a smoky quartz with an alternating black and gray banding.
A Gwindel is a smoky quartz cluster of nearly parallel crystals, each rotated slightly relative to the one beside it.
Smoky Quartz is a macrocrystalline variety of the mineral Quartz.
Quartz varieties are commonly separated into two groups based on the size of the individual grains or crystals; macrocrystalline quartz in which individual crystals are distinguishable with the naked eye, and cryptocrystalline quartz in which the individual crystals are too small to be easily distinguishable under the light microscope.
The characteristic color of smoky quartz occurs in nature when rock crystal quartz is exposed to natural radiation from radioactive elements or adjacent radioactive rocks over long periods of time.
Smoky quartz often has minute cavity inclusions containing carbon dioxide or water. If there is a sufficient number of these minute fluid inclusions then the quartz becomes opaque and is then called Milky Quartz.
Pliny wrote circa 2000 years ago that quartz crystals formed from ice exposed to intense cold for long periods of time in dark clefts and caverns in the mountains. This inaccurate belief was popular in many different cultures until the eighteenth century, when modern geology began to develope in Europe.



                                                                        Sodalite
                                                       
                                                                      (Blue, white, gray, or even green)

Sodalite was named by a Glasgow chemist, Professor Thomas Thomson, who had been
hired by the British to identify the stone after they had captured a shipment of it being
sent from Greenland to Denmark during the Napoleonic Wars.

Hardness: 5.5 - 6.0                Specific Gravity: 2.1 - 2.3                      

Chemistry: Na4Al3(SiO4)3Cl, Sodium Aluminum Silicate Chloride

Class: Silicates                      Crystallography: Isometric; bar 4 3/m                      Cleavage: poor, in six directions

Fracture: uneven                              Streak: white                         Luster: vitreous or greasy


Healing: Sodalite is worn for weight loss. Sodalite helps to balance the metabolism and aids in manufacturing insulin to stabilize diabetes. It also boosts the immune system and lymphatic system. Sodalite relieves stress, aids in alleviating Attention Deficit Disorder, migraines, headaches, and sleep disorders.

Magical Workings: Carry Sodalite or place it about your home to bring inner peace. Sodalite is the stone of athletes, as it stimulates endurance. It is also an excellent stone for those who are writers. It is said to increase one's confidence and to enhance creativity.
Sodalite is called the "Stone of Truth" for it inspires one to speak the truth. Sodalite is an excellent stone for healing rifts in relationships, solving dilemmas and ending arguments.
Sodalite is associated with the astrological sign of Sagittarius and vibrates to the number of 4.

Chakra Applications: Sodalite is used to awaken the Third Eye chakra. Sodalite is associated with the Throat and Brow chakras.

Foot Notes: Sodalite is a member of the sodalite group and together with hauyne, nosean, and lazurite is a common constituent of lapis lazuli. It is typically found in massive form, sodalite is found as vein fillings in plutonic igneous rocks such as nepheline syenites. The largest deposit of sodalite is in Brazil. Sodalite is named in reference to its sodium content. It is the only feldspathoid that contains chlorine.
Sodalite has also been called "Canadian Blue Stone" or simply "Bluestone".


                                                                 Spangolite



Spangolite is named after Norman Spang (1889-1954 CE), American
mineral collector, USA.


Hardness: 3                Specific Gravity: 3.1                      

Chemistry: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl•3(H2O)

Class: Hydrated Sulfates                  Crystallography: Trigonal - Ditrigonal Pyramidal                      Cleavage: perfect

Fracture: conchoidal                              Streak: light green                                 Luster: vitreous


Healing: Spangolite is used in "hands on healing" methods such as reiki. Apply an elixir to the hands prior to doing an healing. It is also used to strengthen the spinal column and to strengthen the flesh. Spangolite is used to treat cellular disorders and growths. An elixir of spangolite is used to strengthen eyesight.

Magical Workings: Spangolite encourages love and devotion. It is a stone of protection and is used to sharpen one's focus. An elixir of Spangolite can help one to strengthen the psychic abilities associated with the seeing of auras.  Spangolite is associated with astrological sign of Leo and vibrates to the number of 1.

Chakra Applications: Spangolite is used to energize and open the Heart chakra.

Foot Notes: Spangolite is a secondary mineral in copper deposits, it occurs in oxidized zones of copper-bearing ore . It is a very rare copper mineral. Spagolite crystallizes in the form of prismatic crystals and tabular hexagonal crystals. 


                                        
                                                                     Stibnite

                                                       (Lead gray, bluish lead gray, steel gray, black)

Stibnite comes from the Greek, "stimmi or stibi, "antimony," thence to the
Latin, stibium. Also from the Greek anthemon, "flower" in allusion to the form
of crystal druses.

Hardness: 2               Specific Gravity: 4.63                        Chemistry: Sb2S3

Class: Sulfides               Crystallography: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal                      Cleavage: perfect

Fracture: conchoidal                         Streak: blackish gray                          Luster: metallic


Healing: Stilbite is used to remove toxins. It is also used to treat laryngitis. Stibnite can assist in the healing of infection sites, stomach and esophageal disorders, and muscle tensions.

Magical Workings: Stibnite helps with psychic knowledge and intuition. It is an excellent stone to use with meditation and astral projection. Stibnite is associated with the astrological signs of Scorpio and Capricorn. It vibrates to the number 8.

Chakra Applications: Stibnite is associated with the Third Eye and Crown chakras.

Foot Notes: Stibnite is the commonest and the most important ore of antimony. Stibnite occurs in low-temperature hydrothermal veins. It crystallizes in slender, prismatic, vertically striated crystals which may be curved or bent. It is often in bladed, granular, or massive aggregates.
Utilized in ancient times, stibnite was used in powdered form by women to darken their eyebrows and eyelashes.



                                                               Sphalerite (Rosin Jack)

           (black, brown, yellow, reddish, green, and less commonly white or colorless)

    The names Sphalerite comes from the Greek word, "sphaleros" for "blind or
    deceiving".

Hardness: 3.5 - 4                      Specific gravity: 3.9 - 4                       

Chemistry: (Zn,Fe)S) Zinc Iron Sulfide                       Class: Sulfides                

Crystallography: Isometric                                               Cleavage: perfect in six directions forming dodecahedrons                  
Fracture: conchoidal, but rarely seen because of frequent cleavage                      Streak: yellow, light brown                         
Luster: adamantine


Healing: Sphalerite can be used to balance the immune system. Sphalerite may be used to heal and diminish ovarian infections and inflammations, but may also be used to dispel other ailments of the female reproductive system. It also works well with the male reproductive system by way of wearing or the laying on of this stone. Sphalerite is used in cases of eczema and acne and is useful in eye disorders.

Magical Workings: Sphalerite is an excellent grounding stone. It is also a good stone for meditation. Sphalerite allows for an easy transition in relationships and jobs. Sphalerite enhances psychic activity and allows you to see if someone is dishonest.

Chakra applications: Sphalerite is used to open and energize the Base, Sacral and Solar Plexus chakras.

Foot Notes: Sphalerite is the chief ore of zinc. Sphalerite is a zince sulfide mineral commonly found in hydrothermal veins; or as fracture filings, cavity fillings and replacements in limestone. It is also known as "Blende" or "Zinc Blende".
Sphalerite is one of the very few minerals that has a total of six directions of cleavage. Sphalerite is a polymorph with two minerals, wurtzite and matraite. The three are collectively called polymorphs.


                                                                        Spinel

                                                             (Red, green, blue, purple, brown, and black)

                The name spinel is derived from the Greek "spinther", which means sparkling.

Hardness: 8                Specific Gravity: 3.5 - 4.1                      

Chemistry: MgAl2O4 Magnesium Aluminum Oxide

Class: Oxides                      Crystallography: Isometric; 4/m bar 3 2/m                          Cleavage: none

Fracture: conchoidal                               Streak: white                                Luster: vitreous


Healing: In general, Spinel is used to treat issues with joints, muscles and bones.
Red, Blue and Green spinel is used to alleviate stress and to treat depression.
Black Spinel is used to get to the source of ones dis-ease.

Magical Workings: In general, Spinel is a stone that can bring high energy to all efforts and all realms. Spinel is used to attract money, wealth and prosperity. It is also said to be a "Stone of Immortality". It is said to help improve physical appearance, and help improve physical vitality.
Black Spinel is considered to be one of the top three protection stones. the other two are Blue Amber and Gel Sugilite. It is also helpful for those with issues of rage.
Blue Spinel is used to soothe and calm, bringing peace and transcendence.
Red Spinel is used to energize and strengthen.
Green Spinel  facilitates healing, communication and wisdom.
Orange Spinel is used to inspire optimism.
Violet Spinel is used to enhance communication between the generations and to avoid being victimized.
Brown Spinel helps to dispel negative energies, atachments or entities from one's Etheric body. It also reflects  negative energy back to it's original source.

Depending on its color, Spinel is associated with the astrological signs of: 
Red - Scorpio and vibrates to the number of 3
Blue - Gemini and vibrates to the number of 7
Brown - Cancer and vibrates to the number of 3
Black - Taurus and vibrates to the number of 5
Colorless - Sagittarius and vibrates to the number of 7
Green - Libra and vibrates to the number of 7
Orange - Aries and vibrates to the number of 9
Dark Blue - Sagittarius and vibrates to the number of 5
Violet - Virgo and vibrates to the number of 5
Yellow - Leo and vibrates to the number of 5 

Chakra Applications: All spinel colors are used to raise the Kundalini energy.
Red spinel is most effective on the Root and Heart chakras.
Blue spinel is effective on the Third Eye chaka.
Brown Spinel connects to the Earth Star chakra, and allows one to be protected and grounded.
Black Spinel is effective with the Root, Spleen and Solar Plexus chakras.
Colorless spinel is used to re-energize one's energetic fields as well as the whole chakra system.
Green spinel connects to the Heart chakra, it helps with emotional issues allowing one to feel love, compassion and forgiveness for oneself and others.
Orange spinel connects to the Sacral chakra stimulating sexual and creative energies.
Violet is effective on the Crown chakra.
Yellow spinel connects to the Solar Plexus chakra and helps one remain focused mentally, and aids in manifesting abundance on all levels.

Foot Notes: Spinel and ruby are chemically similar. Spinel is magnesium aluminum oxide and ruby is aluminum oxide.The Black Prince's Ruby (Prince Edward's) set in the British Imperial State Crown is actually a spinel. The Spinel Group contains over twenty members, but only a few are considered common. These are;
Chromite (Iron Chromium Oxide)
Franklinite (Zinc Iron Manganese Oxide)
Gahnite (Zinc Aluminum Oxide)
Magnesiochromite (Magnesium Chromium Oxide)
Magnetite (Iron Oxide)
Minium (Lead Oxide)
Spinel (Magnesium Aluminum Oxide)
The red color of spinel is dependent in large on the amount of iron content.
In the middle ages  it was believed that if you touched with this gem the four corners of a house, orchard, or vineyard, they would be protected from lightning.


                                                                                Staurolite

                                                                                  (Reddish-brown, brown, and black)

        Staurolite is derived from the Greek, "stauros" for cross and "lithos" for stone in
        reference to the common twinning.

Hardness: 7 - 7.5              Specific Gravity: 3.7 - 3.8            

Chemistry: (Fe,Mg,Zn)2Al9(Si,Al)4O20(OH)4 Iron Aluminum Silicate Hydroxide

Class: Silicates                      Crystallography: monoclinic                      Cleavage: poor

Fracture: uneven to conchoidal                      Streak: white                        Luster: vitreous to resinous to dull


Healing: Staurolite is used to counter the effects of aging and to recover from abusive habits. It is used to enhance muscle and blood formation, as well as to contributing to one's general well being. Staurolite is used to stimulate the immune system.

Magical Workings: Staurolite is known as the "The Faery cross" for it is used to connect with the Faery realm. Staurolite is also used to connect with the plant and animal kingdom. It is known as a Good luck stone. Staurolite is a stone of courage and protection. It is especially useful in protecting children. Use staurolite in any form of elemental magic.
Staurolite is associated with the astrological sign of Pisces and vibrates to the number of 5.

Chakra Applications: Staurolite is used to provide alignment and communication between the physical plane and the astral plane. Staurolite is also used to open the Third Eye chakra in a way that allows one to connect with other-worldly beings.

Foot Notes: Staurolite is composed of an Iron Aluminum Silicate, it is found in schists and gneisses, or low-medium grade metamorphic rocks. A special property of staurolite is that it often occurs twinned in a characteristic cross-shape. The natural crystal form of this mineral forms 60 - 90 degree angles to each other, hence the cross form.
It is the official state mineral of the U.S. state of Georgia.


                                                                  
                                                                         Sugulite

                                                                                             (Purple)

        Sugilite is named for the Japanese geologist ((1901-1948), who discovered the first
        specimens, Ken-ichi Sugi.


Hardness: 6 - 7.5                Specific Gravity: 2.74                       Chemistry: KNa2(Fe,Mn,Al)2Li3Si12O30
 

Class: Slicates                 Crystallography: Hexagonal - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal                     Cleavage: indistinct

Fracture: none                              Streak: white                                Luster: vitreous

Healing: Sugilite is used to strengthen the heart, it aids in physical healing and helps to reduce stress. The combination of Sugilite and Manganese is excellent for dispelling a headache, lay it on your brow and visualize the headache being drained out.
Sugilite is used to treat dyslexia, pain relief, and motor disfunction. It is also used to purify the lymph nodes and bloodstream.

Magical Workings: Sugilite is a stone of protection and it helps to dissipate anger and other negative energies. To increase protective energies of sugilite, combine it with amethyst. Sugulite represents spiritual love and wisdom.
Sugulite is associated with the astrological sign of Virgo and vibrates to the numbers 2, 3 and 7.

Chakra Applications: Sugulite is used to open and align all of the chakras. When placed on the Third Eye chakra it dissipates dispair.

Foot Notes: Sugulite is a rare complex silicate which gets its purple color from manganese. Sugilite is technically a rock composed of both Sugilite and chalcedony. It was formed in deep beds of manganese-containing metamorpic rocks that were later invaded by silica rich hydrothermal fluids.
Sugilite is also known under the trade names of "Royal Lavulite" and "Royal Azel". Bright purple stones with little matrixing or blotches are the most valued.
Sugilite deposits are found in Australia, India, Japan, Canada and South Africa.



                                                                                    Sulpher

                                                                                          (Yellow, sulphur-yellow)

                                                    Sulphur comes from the Latin word "sulfur" (brimstone).


Hardness: 1 1/2 - 2 1/2                   Specific Gravity: 2.07

Chemistry: S                     Class: Sulpher                                 Crystallography: Orthorhombic                   

Cleavage: imperfect, fair                  Fracture: Sectile                  Streak: Colorless                   Luster: resinous, greasy


Healing: The medicinal use of Sulphur goes back to ancient times when it was used as a laxative (purgative), antiseptic and disinfectant. Sulphur was also burnt in medieval times to stop infections from spreading. It is used in hot springs/baths for arthritis, pain, rheumatism, swelling, lymph, cysts, hemorrhoids.
Sulphur  is found in all body tissues, and is needed for the synthesis of collagen, a principal protein that gives the skin its structural integrity.
Sulphur is used for a wide variety of skin diseases such as eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, and acne. It is also used as a rejuvinating drug. Sulfur helps alleviate wrinkles, and skin damage, including scarring. Sulfur helps repair injured joints, tendons, ligaments, and connective tissue.

Magical Workings: Sulphur is used to cleanse one of negativity. It aids in calming the mind prior to meditation. Sulphur is a stone of protection.

Sulphur is used by shamans to connect with the six elements (Cardinal points, Father Sky and Mother Earth). Sulphur is associated with the astrological sign of Leo and vibrates to the number of 7.

Chakra Applications: Sulphur is associated primarily with the solar plexus chakra.

Foot Notes: Sulfur is an electrical insulator. Sulphur is found in garlic, mustard, chives, onions and horseradish.



                                                                           Sunstone
                                                                             
                                                                              (Green, clear, orange, red, yellow)

The terms "sunstone" and "heliolite" (from Greek helios, meaning sun, and lithos, meaning "stone").

Hardness: 6 - 6.5                Specific Gravity: 2.69 - 2.72                 

Chemistry: (Ca, NA)(Al, Si)2Si2O8 sodium calcium aluminum silicate

Class: Fieldspar                      Crystallography: Triclinic                         Cleavage: perfect in two directions

Fracture: uneven to splintery                      Streak: white                                Luster: vitreous


Healing: Sunstone is used to decrease stress and to treat ulcers and sore throats. It is also used to treat cartilage issues, rheumatism and spinal isssues.

Magical Workings: Sunstone is worn to enhance leadership qualities. Sunstone can assist contemplative processes and bolster the energy level. Sunstone and Moonstone together are often used together in Solstice rituals. Sunstone is a very powerful stone of protection.
Sunstone is thought to have been used by the Tibetans in medicine rituals to help spirit guides access the healing power of the sun.It was used by the Vikings to be a talisman for navigation.
Sunstone is associated with the astrological signs of Libra and Leo and vibrates to the number of 1. 

Chakra Applications: Sunstone is primarily associated with the Sacral chakra. But when placed on the solar plexus, Sunstone will lift out heavy and/or repressed emotions and will transmute them. It is also used to clear all of the chakras.

Foot Notes: Sunstone is a plagioclase feldspar and is  the official gemstone of Oregon. Sunstone is formed and crystallized in lava flows, mica schists and pegmatites. Sunstone is also called Heliolite. The presence of hematite or goethite creates a reflections of light, hence the name sunstone.




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